learn

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See also: Learn

English[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English lernen, from Old English leornian, from Proto-West Germanic *liʀnōn. Cognate with German lernen (to learn). See also lore.

Verb[edit]

learn (third-person singular simple present learns, present participle learning, simple past and past participle learned or (chiefly UK) learnt)

  1. To acquire, or attempt to acquire knowledge or an ability to do something.
  2. To attend a course or other educational activity.
  3. To gain knowledge from a bad experience so as to improve.
    learn from one's mistakes
  4. To study.
    I learn medicine.
    They learn psychology.
  5. To come to know; to become informed of; to find out.
    He just learned that he will be sacked.
Conjugation[edit]
Usage notes[edit]
  • See other, dated and regional, sense of learn below.
Synonyms[edit]
Antonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

Noun[edit]

learn (plural learns)

  1. The act of learning something
    • 2003, Gregory A. Raymer, The Woodie Chronicles: My Journey Through America on the road t recovery in a 1949 Woodie Wagon:
      I did a quick learn of the place by watching the people shuffle in. There was a healthy mix of beautiful and freaky people, who shared a few common denominators []

Etymology 2[edit]

Possibly related to Middle English leren, from Old English lǣran (to teach, instruct, indoctrinate), from Proto-West Germanic *laiʀijan, from Proto-Germanic *laizijaną (to teach), from *laizō (lore, teaching", literally, "track, trace), from Proto-Indo-European *leys- (to track, furrow).

Cognate with Scots lere, leir, Saterland Frisian leere, West Frisian leare, Dutch leren, German lehren, Danish lære, Swedish lära. See also lear, lore. But normally the Middle English word would give lere, not learn.

Verb[edit]

learn (third-person singular simple present learns, present participle learning, simple past and past participle learned or learnt)

  1. (now only in non-standard speech and dialects) To teach.
    Give him a clip round the ear. That'll learn him!
    • 1485, Sir Thomas Malory, chapter IX, in Le Morte Darthur, book VIII:
      And whan she had serched hym
      she fond in the bottome of his wound that therin was poyson
      And soo she heled hym []
      and therfore Tramtrist cast grete loue to la beale Isoud
      for she was at that tyme the fairest mayde and lady of the worlde
      And there Tramtryst lerned her to harpe
      and she beganne to haue grete fantasye vnto hym
      (please add an English translation of this quote)
    • 1598–1599 (first performance), William Shakespeare, “Much Adoe about Nothing”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies [] (First Folio), London: [] Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, OCLC 606515358, [Act IV, scene i]:
      Sweet prince, you learn me noble thankfulness.
    • 1611 April (first recorded performance), William Shakespeare, “The Tragedie of Cymbeline”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies [] (First Folio), London: [] Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, OCLC 606515358, [Act I, scene v]:
      Have I not been
      Thy pupil long? Hast thou not learn'd me how
      To make perfumes?
    • 1663 April 27 (Gregorian calendar), John Bunyan, “Touching Parents”, in Christian Behaviour; or The Fruits of True Christianity. [], London: [] F. Smith, [], OCLC 84773108, page 56:
      [] Take heed of filling their [i.e., children's] heads with VVhimzies, and unprofitable Notions; for this vvill ſooner learn them to be malepert and proud, than ſober and humble.
    • 1993, The Simpsons, (18 Feb. 1993) Lisa's thoughts:
      That'll learn him to bust my tomater.
Usage notes[edit]

Now often considered non-standard.

Translations[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Bavarian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old High German lernēn, lirnēn, from Proto-West Germanic *liʀnēn. Compare German lernen, English learn, Dutch leren, Danish lære.

Verb[edit]

learn

  1. (Sappada, Sauris) to learn

References[edit]


Scots[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old English leornian.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

learn (third-person singular simple present learns, present participle learnin, simple past learnt, past participle learnt)

  1. To learn.
  2. To teach.