studeo

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Latin[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *(s)tewd-, from *(s)tew- (to push, hit). Related to English stub; compare also Scots stap (to strike, to forcibly insert).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Classical) IPA(key): /ˈstu.de.oː/, [ˈs̠t̪ʊd̪eoː]
  • (Ecclesiastical) IPA(key): /ˈstu.de.o/, [ˈst̪uːd̪eo]
  • (file)

Verb[edit]

studeō (present infinitive studēre, perfect active studuī); second conjugation, no passive, no supine stem

  1. I dedicate myself (to), direct my efforts or attention (to), strive after, am devoted to (usually with dative)
    Synonyms: certō, cōnītor, cōnor, ēnītor, appetō, affectō, tendō, temptō, quaerō, contendō, adnītor, labōrō, pugnō, molior, perīclitor, nītor, spectō
    agriculturae studeoI dedicate myself to agriculture
    sacrificiis studeoI dedicate myself to sacrifices
    • c. 84 BCE – 54 BCE, Catullus, Carmina 92:
      Nīl nimium studeō, Caesar, tibi velle placēre,
          nec scīre utrum sīs albus an āter homō.
      I do not strive too much, Caesar, to want to please you,
          nor to know whether you are a white or black human.
    • Caesar, de Bello Gallico VII, 28:
      Nec fuit quisquam, qui praedae studeret
      There was not anyone who was striving for the plunder
  2. I aspire to, tend to, desire, look for
    Synonyms: requīrō, affectō, cupiō, quaerō, aveō, concupiō, petō, expetō, circumspiciō, sitiō, spectō, voveō, appetō
  3. I am attached or favorable to, favor, support, side with (usually with dative)
    alicui studereto side with someone
    • Caesar, de Bello Gallico VII, 20:
      Cui rei propter animi mollitiem studere omnes videret
      to which he perceived that all were inclined owing to their want of energy
  4. (especially Late Latin, Medieval Latin) I study, I apply myself to learning
  5. (Medieval Latin) I care, I think
    Synonyms: curo, īnspectō
    • [1678, du Cange, Glossarium mediæ et infimæ latinitatis, volume 3, column 977:
      STUDERE, Studiare : Curare, Gall. Penser. Gregorius Turon. lib. 6. Hist. c. 32.
      Glossary of middle and low Latin]

Usage notes[edit]

When used with a dative, studeō means to have a taste or inclination for a person or thing, to keep close to it.

The verb studeō used with an accusative means to search earnestly for a thing, to desire and covet it.

Conjugation[edit]

   Conjugation of studeō (second conjugation, no supine stem, active only)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present studeō studēs studet studēmus studētis student
imperfect studēbam studēbās studēbat studēbāmus studēbātis studēbant
future studēbō studēbis studēbit studēbimus studēbitis studēbunt
perfect studuī studuistī studuit studuimus studuistis studuērunt,
studuēre
pluperfect studueram studuerās studuerat studuerāmus studuerātis studuerant
future perfect studuerō studueris studuerit studuerimus studueritis studuerint
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present studeam studeās studeat studeāmus studeātis studeant
imperfect studērem studērēs studēret studērēmus studērētis studērent
perfect studuerim studuerīs studuerit studuerīmus studuerītis studuerint
pluperfect studuissem studuissēs studuisset studuissēmus studuissētis studuissent
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present studē studēte
future studētō studētō studētōte studentō
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives studēre studuisse
participles studēns
verbal nouns gerund supine
genitive dative accusative ablative accusative ablative
studendī studendō studendum studendō

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • studeo”, in Charlton T[homas] Lewis; Charles [Lancaster] Short (1879) [] A New Latin Dictionary [], New York, N.Y.; Cincinnati, Ohio; Chicago, Ill.: American Book Company; Oxford: Clarendon Press.
  • studeo in Enrico Olivetti, editor (2003-2022) Dizionario Latino, Olivetti Media Communication
  • studeo”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • studeo in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • studere in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • Carl Meißner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to look favourably upon; to support: studere, favere alicui
    • to study Greek literature: graecis litteris studere
    • to have an inclination for a thing: studere alicui rei, studiosum esse alicuius rei
    • to have a taste for agriculture: agriculturae studere (opp. agriculturam deserere)
    • to embrace the cause of..., be a partisan of..: alicuius partibus studere
    • to hold revolutionary opinions: novis rebus studere
  • studeo in Ramminger, Johann (accessed 16 July 2016) Neulateinische Wortliste: Ein Wörterbuch des Lateinischen von Petrarca bis 1700[2], pre-publication website, 2005-2016