studeo

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Latin[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *(s)tewd-, from *(s)tew- (to push, hit). Related to English stub; compare also Scots stap (to strike, to forcibly insert).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Classical) IPA(key): /ˈstu.de.oː/, [ˈst̪ʊ.d̪e.oː]
  • (Ecclesiastical) IPA(key): /ˈstu.de.o/, [ˈst̪uː.d̪ɛ.ɔ]
  • (file)

Verb[edit]

studeō (present infinitive studēre, perfect active studuī); second conjugation, no passive, no supine stem

  1. I dedicate myself (to), direct my efforts or attention (to), strive after.
    • c. 84 BCE – 54 BCE, Catullus, Carmina 92:
      Nīl nimium studeō, Caesar, tibi velle placēre,
          nec scīre utrum sīs albus an āter homō.
      I do not strive too much, Caesar, to want to please you,
          nor to know whether you are a white or black human.
  2. I am attached or favorable (to), favor, support.
  3. (especially Late Latin, Medieval Latin) I study, I apply myself to learning.
    • 61 AD-113 AD, Pliny the Younger, Letters:
      Studēs an piscāris?.
      Are you studying or fishing?
  4. (Medieval Latin) I care, I think
    • 1678, du Cange, Glossarium mediæ et infimæ latinitatis, page 618c:
      STUDERE, Studiare, Curare, Gall. Penser. Gregorius Turon. lib. 6. Hist. cap. 32

Usage notes[edit]

Usually used with the dative.

Conjugation[edit]

   Conjugation of studeō (second conjugation, no supine stem, active only)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present studeō studēs studet studēmus studētis student
imperfect studēbam studēbās studēbat studēbāmus studēbātis studēbant
future studēbō studēbis studēbit studēbimus studēbitis studēbunt
perfect studuī studuistī studuit studuimus studuistis studuērunt, studuēre
pluperfect studueram studuerās studuerat studuerāmus studuerātis studuerant
future perfect studuerō studueris studuerit studuerimus studueritis studuerint
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present studeam studeās studeat studeāmus studeātis studeant
imperfect studērem studērēs studēret studērēmus studērētis studērent
perfect studuerim studuerīs studuerit studuerīmus studuerītis studuerint
pluperfect studuissem studuissēs studuisset studuissēmus studuissētis studuissent
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present studē studēte
future studētō studētō studētōte studentō
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives studēre studuisse
participles studēns
verbal nouns gerund supine
genitive dative accusative ablative accusative ablative
studendī studendō studendum studendō

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • studeo in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • studeo in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • studeo in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to look favourably upon; to support: studere, favere alicui
    • to study Greek literature: graecis litteris studere
    • to have an inclination for a thing: studere alicui rei, studiosum esse alicuius rei
    • to have a taste for agriculture: agriculturae studere (opp. agriculturam deserere)
    • to embrace the cause of..., be a partisan of..: alicuius partibus studere
    • to hold revolutionary opinions: novis rebus studere
  • studeo in Ramminger, Johann (accessed 16 July 2016) Neulateinische Wortliste: Ein Wörterbuch des Lateinischen von Petrarca bis 1700[2], pre-publication website, 2005-2016