aveo

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Latin[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Cognate to Sanskrit अवति (avati, to consume, satisfy) and Cornish awell (will).[1]

Verb[edit]

present active aveō, present infinitive avēre (no perfect or supine forms)

  1. I desire, wish or long for, crave.
Inflection[edit]
  • This verb has no known third or fourth principal parts, and so has an incomplete conjugation.
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Breal and Bailly:

Aveo is one of those verbs that has a meaning that is difficult to precisely define. This is due to its multiple semantic shifts. Nonetheless, the primary meaning is seemingly "to be alert, be happy", hence the meaning "to be hungry, desire."

The rhetorician Claudius Mamertinus once hailed Emperor Julian with "Ave, consul amplissime." The emperor responded with "Aveo plane Imperator et avebo… cum is avere iubeat, qui iam fecit, ut averem."

The more common meaning is "to desire," but the adjectival form "avidus" first meant "who likes to, that which is ported to." Thus the transition to the meaning of "hungry, eager" was relatively simple. Lucretius employs the adjective "avidus" and adverb "aveo" in the sense of "large, abundant", reflecting the original use of aveo.

→ See audeo and gaudeo.

Verb[edit]

present active aveō, present infinitive avēre (no perfect or supine forms)

  1. I am well or fare well.
Inflection[edit]
Alternative forms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ “avaro” in: Alberto Nocentini, Alessandro Parenti, “l'Etimologico — Vocabolario della lingua italiana”, Le Monnier, 2010, ISBN 978-88-00-20781-2