aveo

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Latin[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Cognate to Sanskrit अवति (avati, he consumes, satisfies) and Cornish awell (will).[1]

Verb[edit]

aveō (present infinitive avēre); second conjugation, no perfect or supine forms

  1. I desire, wish or long for, crave.
Inflection[edit]
  • This verb has no known third or fourth principal parts, and so has an incomplete conjugation.
Conjugation of aveo (second conjugation, defective, active only)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present aveō avēs avet avēmus avētis avent
imperfect avēbam avēbās avēbat avēbāmus avēbātis avēbant
future avēbō avēbis avēbit avēbimus avēbitis avēbunt
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present aveam aveās aveat aveāmus aveātis aveant
imperfect avērem avērēs avēret avērēmus avērētis avērent
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present avē avēte
future avētō avētō avētōte aventō
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives avēre
participles avēns
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Confer audeō, from Proto-Italic *awid-ēje- (“to be greedy, want very much”) and gaudeō, from Proto-Indo-European *gau- (“to rejoice”). Directly related to the former.

Verb[edit]

aveō (present infinitive avēre); second conjugation, no perfect or supine forms

  1. I am well or fare well.
Usage notes[edit]

From Bréal and Bailly:

Aveo is one of those verbs that has a meaning difficult to precisely define. This is due to numerous semantic shifts that have occurred regarding it. Nevertheless, its original meaning is seemingly "to be alert, to be happy", from whence came the later meaning "to be hungry, to desire".

The rhetorician Claudius Mamertinus, who was once hailed with the words "Ave, consul amplissime," by Emperor Julian, responded to him "Aveo plane Imperator et avebo… cum is avere iubeat, qui iam fecit, ut averem."

The most common meaning of aveo is "to desire", but the adjectival form "avidus" initially meant "who likes to, that which is ported to". Thus the transition to the "hungry, eager" sense was relatively simple. Lucretius employs the adjective "avidus" and the adverb "aveo" in the sense of "large, abundant", reflecting the original use of aveo.


Inflection[edit]
Alternative forms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ “avaro” in: Alberto Nocentini, Alessandro Parenti, “l'Etimologico — Vocabolario della lingua italiana”, Le Monnier, 2010, ISBN 978-88-00-20781-2