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Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *h₂ew-eh₁yeti, stative verb from the root *h₂ew- (to enjoy, consume).[1] Cognate with Sanskrit अवति (ávati, he consumes, satisfies), Welsh ewyllys (will).


aveō (present infinitive avēre); second conjugation, no passive, no perfect or supine stem

  1. to desire, wish or long for, crave, be eager.
    Synonyms: requīrō, affectō, cupiō, quaerō, studeō, concupiō, petō, indigeō, sitiō, expetō, spectō, voveō, circumspiciō, appetō
    Antonyms: āversor, abhorreō
Usage notes[edit]

From Bréal and Bailly:

Aveo is one of those verbs that has a meaning difficult to precisely define. This is due to numerous semantic shifts that have occurred regarding it. Nevertheless, its original meaning is seemingly "to be alert, to be happy", from whence came the later meaning "to be hungry, to desire".

The rhetorician Claudius Mamertinus, who was once hailed with the words "Ave, consul amplissime," by Emperor Julian, responded to him "Aveo plane Imperator et avebo… cum is avere iubeat, qui iam fecit, ut averem."

The most common meaning of aveo is "to desire", but the adjectival form "avidus" initially meant "who likes to, that which is ported to". Thus the transition to the "hungry, eager" sense was relatively simple. Lucretius employs the adjective "avidus" and the adverb "aveo" in the sense of "large, abundant", reflecting the original use of aveo.

   Conjugation of aveō (second conjugation, no supine stem, no perfect stem, active only)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present aveō avēs avet avēmus avētis avent
imperfect avēbam avēbās avēbat avēbāmus avēbātis avēbant
future avēbō avēbis avēbit avēbimus avēbitis avēbunt
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present aveam aveās aveat aveāmus aveātis aveant
imperfect avērem avērēs avēret avērēmus avērētis avērent
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present avē avēte
future avētō avētō avētōte aventō
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives avēre
participles avēns
verbal nouns gerund supine
genitive dative accusative ablative accusative ablative
avendī avendō avendum avendō
Derived terms[edit]


  1. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008) Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7)‎[1], Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN

Etymology 2[edit]

See avē.

Alternative forms[edit]


aveō (present infinitive avēre); second conjugation, highly defective, no perfect or supine stem

  1. I am well or fare well.


  • aveo”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • aveo”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • aveo in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • aveo in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette