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From a Proto-Indo-European root akin to *kwep- (to smoke, boil, move violently); see also Lithuanian kūpėti (to boil over), Old Church Slavonic кꙑпѣти (kypěti, to boil), Sanskrit कुप्यति (kúpyati, become agitated, bubbles up), English hope.



cupiō (present infinitive cupere, perfect active cupīvī or cupiī, supine cupītum); third conjugation iō-variant

  1. I desire
  2. I long for


   Conjugation of cupiō (third conjugation -variant)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present cupiō cupis cupit cupimus cupitis cupiunt
imperfect cupiēbam cupiēbās cupiēbat cupiēbāmus cupiēbātis cupiēbant
future cupiam cupiēs cupiet cupiēmus cupiētis cupient
perfect cupīvī, cupiī cupīvistī, cupiistī, cupīstī1 cupīvit, cupiit cupīvimus, cupiimus cupīvistis, cupiistis, cupīstis1 cupīvērunt, cupīvēre, cupiērunt, cupiēre
pluperfect cupīveram, cupieram cupīverās, cupierās cupīverat, cupierat cupīverāmus, cupierāmus cupīverātis, cupierātis cupīverant, cupierant
future perfect cupīverō, cupierō cupīveris, cupieris cupīverit, cupierit cupīverimus, cupierimus cupīveritis, cupieritis cupīverint, cupierint
passive present cupior cuperis, cupere cupitur cupimur cupiminī cupiuntur
imperfect cupiēbar cupiēbāris, cupiēbāre cupiēbātur cupiēbāmur cupiēbāminī cupiēbantur
future cupiar cupiēris, cupiēre cupiētur cupiēmur cupiēminī cupientur
perfect cupītus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect cupītus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect cupītus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present cupiam cupiās cupiat cupiāmus cupiātis cupiant
imperfect cuperem cuperēs cuperet cuperēmus cuperētis cuperent
perfect cupīverim, cupierim cupīverīs, cupierīs cupīverit, cupierit cupīverīmus, cupierīmus cupīverītis, cupierītis cupīverint, cupierint
pluperfect cupīvissem, cupiissem, cupīssem1 cupīvissēs, cupiissēs, cupīssēs1 cupīvisset, cupiisset, cupīsset1 cupīvissēmus, cupiissēmus, cupīssēmus1 cupīvissētis, cupiissētis, cupīssētis1 cupīvissent, cupiissent, cupīssent1
passive present cupiar cupiāris, cupiāre cupiātur cupiāmur cupiāminī cupiantur
imperfect cuperer cuperēris, cuperēre cuperētur cuperēmur cuperēminī cuperentur
perfect cupītus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect cupītus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present cupe cupite
future cupitō cupitō cupitōte cupiuntō
passive present cupere cupiminī
future cupitor cupitor cupiuntor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives cupere cupīvisse, cupiisse, cupīsse1 cupītūrum esse cupī cupītum esse cupītum īrī
participles cupiēns cupītūrus cupītus cupiendus, cupiundus
verbal nouns gerund supine
genitive dative accusative ablative accusative ablative
cupiendī cupiendō cupiendum cupiendō cupītum cupītū

1At least one rare poetic syncopated perfect form is attested.

Related terms[edit]


  • cupio in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • cupio in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to be favourably disposed towards: alicuius causa velle or cupere