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Frequentative of speciō (look at) via its passive participle spectus.



spectō (present infinitive spectāre, perfect active spectāvī, supine spectātum); first conjugation

  1. I watch, observe, look at
  2. I test
  3. I consider
  4. I aim, strive, or endeavour after


   Conjugation of spectō (first conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present spectō spectās spectat spectāmus spectātis spectant
imperfect spectābam spectābās spectābat spectābāmus spectābātis spectābant
future spectābō spectābis spectābit spectābimus spectābitis spectābunt
perfect spectāvī spectāvistī, spectāstī1 spectāvit spectāvimus spectāvistis, spectāstis1 spectāvērunt, spectāvēre
pluperfect spectāveram spectāverās spectāverat spectāverāmus spectāverātis spectāverant
future perfect spectāverō spectāveris spectāverit spectāverimus spectāveritis spectāverint
passive present spector spectāris, spectāre spectātur spectāmur spectāminī spectantur
imperfect spectābar spectābāris, spectābāre spectābātur spectābāmur spectābāminī spectābantur
future spectābor spectāberis, spectābere spectābitur spectābimur spectābiminī spectābuntur
perfect spectātus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect spectātus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect spectātus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present spectem spectēs spectet spectēmus spectētis spectent
imperfect spectārem spectārēs spectāret spectārēmus spectārētis spectārent
perfect spectāverim spectāverīs spectāverit spectāverīmus spectāverītis spectāverint
pluperfect spectāvissem, spectāssem1 spectāvissēs, spectāssēs1 spectāvisset, spectāsset1 spectāvissēmus, spectāssēmus1 spectāvissētis, spectāssētis1 spectāvissent, spectāssent1
passive present specter spectēris, spectēre spectētur spectēmur spectēminī spectentur
imperfect spectārer spectārēris, spectārēre spectārētur spectārēmur spectārēminī spectārentur
perfect spectātus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect spectātus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present spectā spectāte
future spectātō spectātō spectātōte spectantō
passive present spectāre spectāminī
future spectātor spectātor spectantor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives spectāre spectāvisse, spectāsse1 spectātūrum esse spectārī spectātum esse spectātum īrī
participles spectāns spectātūrus spectātus spectandus
verbal nouns gerund supine
genitive dative accusative ablative accusative ablative
spectandī spectandō spectandum spectandō spectātum spectātū

1At least one rare poetic syncopated perfect form is attested.

Related terms[edit]


  • English: spectate
  • Friulian: spietâ
  • Istriot: spattà
  • Italian: spettare


  • specto in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • specto in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • specto in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meißner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to lie to the east, west, south, north: spectare in (vergere ad) orientem (solem), occidentem (solem), ad meridiem, in septentriones
    • to be situate to the north-west: spectare inter occasum solis et septentriones
    • to study the commonplace: cogitationes in res humiles abicere (De Amic. 9. 32) (Opp. alte spectare, ad altiora tendere, altum, magnificum, divinum suspicere)
    • to have a high object in view; to be ambitious: magna sibi proponere or magna spectare
    • to have an object in view: spectare aliquid or ad aliquid
    • the matter tends towards..., has this object.[1: res eo spectat, ut
    • there seems a prospect of armed violence; things look like violence: res spectat ad vim (arma)
    • literally: si verba spectas
    • a man's policy is aiming at, directed towards..: alicuius in re publica or capessendae rei publicae consilia eo spectant, ut...