exspecto

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Latin[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From ex- (out) +‎ spectō (to look at), frequentative of speciō (to see).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

exspectō (present infinitive exspectāre, perfect active exspectāvī, supine exspectātum); first conjugation

  1. I wait for
  2. I expect

Inflection[edit]

   Conjugation of exspecto (first conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present exspectō exspectās exspectat exspectāmus exspectātis exspectant
imperfect exspectābam exspectābās exspectābat exspectābāmus exspectābātis exspectābant
future exspectābō exspectābis exspectābit exspectābimus exspectābitis exspectābunt
perfect exspectāvī exspectāvistī, exspectāsti1 exspectāvit exspectāvimus exspectāvistis, exspectāstis1 exspectāvērunt, exspectāvēre
pluperfect exspectāveram exspectāverās exspectāverat exspectāverāmus exspectāverātis exspectāverant
future perfect exspectāverō exspectāveris exspectāverit exspectāverimus exspectāveritis exspectāverint
passive present exspector exspectāris, exspectāre exspectātur exspectāmur exspectāminī exspectantur
imperfect exspectābar exspectābāris, exspectābāre exspectābātur exspectābāmur exspectābāminī exspectābantur
future exspectābor exspectāberis, exspectābere exspectābitur exspectābimur exspectābiminī exspectābuntur
perfect exspectātus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect exspectātus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect exspectātus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present exspectem exspectēs exspectet exspectēmus exspectētis exspectent
imperfect exspectārem exspectārēs exspectāret exspectārēmus exspectārētis exspectārent
perfect exspectāverim exspectāverīs exspectāverit exspectāverīmus exspectāverītis exspectāverint
pluperfect exspectāvissem, exspectāssem1 exspectāvissēs, exspectāsses1 exspectāvisset, exspectāsset1 exspectāvissēmus, exspectāssemus1 exspectāvissētis, exspectāssetis1 exspectāvissent, exspectāssent1
passive present exspecter exspectēris, exspectēre exspectētur exspectēmur exspectēminī exspectentur
imperfect exspectārer exspectārēris, exspectārēre exspectārētur exspectārēmur exspectārēminī exspectārentur
perfect exspectātus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect exspectātus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present exspectā exspectāte
future exspectātō exspectātō exspectātōte exspectantō
passive present exspectāre exspectāminī
future exspectātor exspectātor exspectantor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives exspectāre exspectāvisse, exspectāsse1 exspectātūrus esse exspectārī exspectātus esse exspectātum īrī
participles exspectāns exspectātūrus exspectātus exspectandus
verbal nouns gerund supine
nominative genitive dative/ablative accusative accusative ablative
exspectāre exspectandī exspectandō exspectandum exspectātum exspectātū

1At least one rare poetic syncopated perfect form is attested.

References[edit]

  • exspecto in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • exspecto in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • exspecto” in Félix Gaffiot’s Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette (1934)
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to be waiting in suspense for..: suspenso animo exspectare aliquid
  • expect in The Century Dictionary, The Century Co., New York, 1911