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From specula.



speculor (present infinitive speculārī, perfect active speculātus sum); first conjugation, deponent

  1. I watch, I observe
    • 63 BCE, Cicero, Catiline Orations Oratio in Catilinam Prima in Senatu Habita.6:
      Quam diu quisquam erit qui te defendere audeat, vives, et vives ita ut nunc vivis, multis meis et firmis praesidiis obsessus ne commovere te contra rem publicam possis. Multorum te etiam oculi et aures non sentientem, sicut adhuc fecerunt, speculabuntur atque custodient.
      As long as one person exists who can dare to defend you, yet shall live; but you shall live as you do now, surrounded by my many and trusty guards, so that you shall not be able to stir one finger against the republic: many eyes and ears shall still observe and watch you, as they have hitherto done, though you shall not perceive them.
  2. I examine, I explore
  3. I spy


   Conjugation of speculor (first conjugation, deponent)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present speculor speculāris,
speculātur speculāmur speculāminī speculantur
imperfect speculābar speculābāris,
speculābātur speculābāmur speculābāminī speculābantur
future speculābor speculāberis,
speculābitur speculābimur speculābiminī speculābuntur
perfect speculātus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect speculātus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect speculātus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present speculer speculēris,
speculētur speculēmur speculēminī speculentur
imperfect speculārer speculārēris,
speculārētur speculārēmur speculārēminī speculārentur
perfect speculātus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect speculātus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present speculāre speculāminī
future speculātor speculātor speculantor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives speculārī speculātum esse speculātūrum esse
participles speculāns speculātus speculātūrus speculandus
verbal nouns gerund supine
genitive dative accusative ablative accusative ablative
speculandī speculandō speculandum speculandō speculātum speculātū

Derived terms[edit]



  • speculor”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • speculor”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • speculor in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette