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From mōlēs (a pile, heap)



mōlior (present infinitive mōlīrī, perfect active mōlītus sum); fourth conjugation, deponent

  1. I strive, endeavor, work at.
  2. I rouse, bestir.
  3. I erect, construct.
  4. (figuratively) I undertake, attempt, stir up.
    • 63 BCE, Cicero, Catiline Orations (Latin text and English translations here)
      Nihil agis, nihil moliris, nihil cogitas quod non ego non modo audiam sed etiam videam planeque sentiam.
      You do nothing, you plan nothing, you think of nothing which I not only do not hear, but which I do not see and know every particular of.


   Conjugation of molior (fourth conjugation, deponent)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present mōlior mōlīris, mōlīre mōlītur mōlīmur mōlīminī mōliuntur
imperfect mōliēbar mōliēbāris, mōliēbāre mōliēbātur mōliēbāmur mōliēbāminī mōliēbantur
future mōliar mōliēris, mōliēre mōliētur mōliēmur mōliēminī mōlientur
perfect mōlītus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect mōlītus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect mōlītus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present mōliar mōliāris, mōliāre mōliātur mōliāmur mōliāminī mōliantur
imperfect mōlīrer mōlīrēris, mōlīrēre mōlīrētur mōlīrēmur mōlīrēminī mōlīrentur
perfect mōlītus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect mōlītus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present mōlīre mōlīminī
future mōlītor mōlītor mōliuntor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives mōlīrī, mōlīrier1 mōlītus esse mōlītūrus esse
participles mōliēns mōlītus mōlītūrus mōliendus
verbal nouns gerund supine
nominative genitive dative/ablative accusative accusative ablative
mōlīrī, mōlīrier1 mōliendī mōliendō mōliendum mōlītum mōlītū

1The present passive infinitive in -ier is a rare poetic form which is attested for this verb.

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]


  • molior in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • molior in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • molior in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français [Illustrated Latin-French Dictionary], Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to compass, devise a man's overthrow, ruin: perniciem (exitium) alicui afferre, moliri, parare
    • to be busy with ambitious projects: magna moliri
    • to meditate crime: scelera moliri (Att. 7. 11)
    • to shake credit: fidem moliri (Liv. 6. 11. 8)
    • to plot a revolution: novas res moliri (Verr. 2. 125)
    • to meditate war: bellum moliri