strive

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English striven ‎(to strive) from Old French estriver ‎(to compete, quarrel) from Old French estrif ‎(quarrel, dispute), alteration (influenced by Germanic forms related to Frankish *strīban ‎(to strive), from Proto-Germanic *strībaną, *stribjaną, *stribōną, compare Middle Dutch streven ‎(to strive), German streben ‎(to strive)) of Old French estrit, from Frankish *strīd ‎(quarrel, dispute) from Proto-Germanic *strīdō ‎(combat, strife). Akin to Old High German strīt ‎(quarrel) (German Streit), Old High German strītan ‎(to fight), Old Norse strīð ‎(strife, contention). More at stride.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

strive ‎(third-person singular simple present strives, present participle striving, simple past strove or strived, past participle striven or strived)

  1. To try to achieve a result; to make strenuous effort; to try earnestly and persistently.
    He strove to excel.
  2. To struggle in opposition; to be in contention or dispute; to contend; to contest.
    to strive against fate
    to strive for the truth
    • Denham
      Now private pity strove with public hate, / Reason with rage, and eloquence with fate.
  3. To vie; to compete as a rival.
    • Milton
      [Not] that sweet grove / Of Daphne, by Orontes and the inspired / Castalian spring, might with this paradise / Of Eden strive.

Usage notes[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Noun[edit]

strive ‎(plural strives)

  1. (obsolete) An effort; a striving.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Chapman to this entry?)
  2. (obsolete) strife; contention
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Wyclif Bible (Luke xxi. 9) to this entry?)

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Anagrams[edit]