努力

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Chinese[edit]

to exert; to strive power; force; strength
simp. and trad.
(努力)

Pronunciation[edit]


Verb[edit]

努力

  1. to make an effort; to strive; to endeavor; to work hard
    不懈努力  ―  bùxiè nǔlì  ―  to persevere; perseverance
    要是現在努力的話將來後悔 [MSC, trad.]
    要是现在努力的话将来后悔 [MSC, simp.]
    Yàoshì xiànzài bù nǔlì dehuà, jiānglái huì hòuhuǐ de. [Pinyin]
    If you don't work hard now, you'll regret it later on.

Synonyms[edit]

Adjective[edit]

努力

  1. hard-working; diligent; industrious
    非常努力員工 [MSC, trad.]
    非常努力员工 [MSC, simp.]
    yī ge fēicháng nǔlì de yuángōng [Pinyin]
    a hardworking employee

Synonyms[edit]

edit

Antonyms[edit]

Adverb[edit]

努力

  1. diligently; hard (with a great deal of effort)
    非常努力工作  ―  fēicháng nǔlì de gōngzuò  ―  to work extremely hard

Noun[edit]

努力

  1. endeavor; ability; effort
    最大努力 / 最大努力  ―  jìn zuìdà de nǔlì  ―  to do all one can
    資質愚笨加倍努力獲致成功 [MSC, trad.]
    资质愚笨加倍努力获致成功 [MSC, simp.]
    Zīzhì yúbèn de rén yìng jiābèi nǔlì, fāng kě huòzhì chénggōng. [Pinyin]
    People who are naturally clumsy should redouble their efforts in order to achieve success.

See also[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 4
りょく
Grade: 1
on’yomi

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Chinese compound 努力 (nuo li̯ək, literally to exert + strength). Compare modern Cantonese reading nou5 lik6 or Min Nan ló͘-le̍k.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

努力 (hiragana どりょく, rōmaji doryoku)

  1. an effort, an endeavor

Synonyms[edit]

Verb[edit]

努力する (hiragana どりょくする, rōmaji doryoku suru)

  1. to endeavor, to make an effort
     (かれ) () (けん)合格 (ごうかく)するために努力 (どりょく)した
    Kare wa shiken ni gōkaku suru tame ni doryoku shita.
    He worked hard to pass the exam.

Conjugation[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN
  • 2002, Ineko Kondō; Fumi Takano; Mary E Althaus; et. al., Shogakukan Progressive Japanese-English Dictionary, Third Edition, Tokyo: Shōgakukan, →ISBN.

Korean[edit]

Hanja in this term

Noun[edit]

努力 (noryeok) (hangeul 노력)

  1. Hanja form? of 노력 (an effort, an endeavor).