努力

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Chinese[edit]

to exert; to strive power; force; strength
simp. and trad.
(努力)

Pronunciation[edit]


Adjective[edit]

努力

  1. hard-working; diligent; industrious

Synonyms[edit]

Adverb[edit]

努力

  1. diligently

Verb[edit]

努力

  1. to strive; to endeavor; to work hard
    要是現在努力的話將來後悔 [MSC, trad.]
    要是现在努力的话将来后悔 [MSC, simp.]
    Yàoshì xiànzài bù nǔlì dehuà, jiānglái huì hòuhuǐ de. [Pinyin]
    If you don't work hard now you'll regret it later on.

Synonyms[edit]

Noun[edit]

努力

  1. endeavor; ability
    最大努力 / 最大努力  ―  jìn zuìdà de nǔlì  ―  to do all one can

See also[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 4
りょく
Grade: 1
on'yomi

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Chinese compound 努力 ‎(nuo li̯ək, literally to exert + strength). Compare modern Cantonese reading nou5 lik6 or Hakka ló͘-le̍k.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

努力 ‎(hiragana どりょく, romaji doryoku)

  1. an effort, an endeavor

Synonyms[edit]

Verb[edit]

努力する ‎(hiragana どりょくする, romaji doryoku suru)

  1. to endeavor, to make an effort
     (かれ)試験 (しけん)合格 (ごうかく)するために努力 (どりょく)した
    Kare wa shiken ni gōkaku suru tame ni doryoku shita.
    He worked hard to pass the exam.

Conjugation[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3
  • 2002, Ineko Kondō; Fumi Takano; Mary E Althaus; et. al., Shogakukan Progressive Japanese-English Dictionary, Third Edition, Tokyo: Shōgakukan, ISBN 4095102535.

Korean[edit]

Hanja in this term

Noun[edit]

努力 ‎(noryeok) ‎(hangeul 노력)

  1. Hanja form? of 노력, “an effort, an endeavor”.