刻苦

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Chinese[edit]

 
quarter (hour); (a measure word); to carve; to engrave; to cut; oppressive
 
bitter; intensely; miserable; painful
simp. and trad.
(刻苦)

Etymology[edit]

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Pronunciation[edit]


Adjective[edit]

刻苦

  1. industrious; assiduous; diligent
  2. (of life) basic; frugal

Synonyms[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
こく > こっ
Grade: 6

Grade: 3
on'yomi

Noun[edit]

刻苦 (hiragana こっく, rōmaji kokku)

  1. hard work

Verb[edit]

刻苦する (hiragana こっく, rōmaji kokku)

  1. work hard

Conjugation[edit]