成功

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Chinese[edit]

 
finish; complete; accomplish; become; turn into; win; succeed; one tenth
 
merit; achievement; result; service; accomplishment
simp. and trad.
(成功)

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (成功, reconstructed)
Character (成), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 常 (25)
Final: 清
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 是征切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡ʑiᴇŋ/ /ʑi̯ɛŋ/ /ʑiɛŋ/ /d͡ʑiɛŋ/ /d͡ʑiajŋ/ /ʑĭɛŋ/ /d͡ʑiæŋ/
Character (功), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 見 (28)
Final: 東
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 古紅切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/kuŋ/ /kuŋ/ /kuŋ/ /kuŋ/ /kəwŋ/ /kuŋ/ /kuŋ/
Old Chinese pronunciation (成功, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
chéng ‹ dzyeng › /*[d]eŋ/ to become (v.i.)
chéng ‹ dzyeng › /*m-[d]eŋ/ to complete (tr. v)
gōng ‹ kuwng › /*kˤoŋ/ work, effort

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
1417 0 /*djeŋ/ 說文丁聲,甲文戌下一豎,或表戈已製成
4021 0 /*koːŋ/

Definitions[edit]

成功

  1. to complete a task
    西流沙聲教四海玄圭成功 [Classical Chinese, trad.]
    西流沙声教四海玄圭成功 [Classical Chinese, simp.]
    From: The Book of Documents, circa 4th – 3rd century BCE
    Dōng jiàn yú hǎi, xī bèi yú liúshā, shuò nán jì shēngjiào qì yú sìhǎi. Yǔ xī xuánguī, gào jué chénggōng. [Pinyin]
    On the east, reaching to the sea; on the west, extending to the moving sands; to the utmost limits of the north and south - his fame and influence filled up (all within) the four seas. Yu presented the dark-coloured symbol of his rank, and announced the completion of his work.
  2. to achieve success; to succeed; success, prosperity; successful; successfully
    失敗成功 [MSC, trad.]
    失败成功 [MSC, simp.]
    Shībài nǎi chénggōng zhī mǔ. [Pinyin]
    Failure is the mother of success. (proverb)
    最後預祝大會獲得圓滿成功 [MSC, trad.]
    最后预祝大会获得圆满成功 [MSC, simp.]
    Zuìhòu, yùzhù dàhuì huòdé yuánmǎn chénggōng! [Pinyin]
    To conclude, I wish the conference a great success!
    成功獲得哈佛大學獎學金前往美國深造 [MSC, trad.]
    成功获得哈佛大学奖学金前往美国深造 [MSC, simp.]
    chénggōng huòdé Hāfó dàxué jiǎngxuéjīn, qiánwǎng Měiguó shēnzào. [Pinyin]
    He successfully gained a scholarship from the Harvard University, and went to the US to further his studies.
    沒有成功幸福 [MSC, trad.]
    没有成功幸福 [MSC, simp.]
    Méiyǒu chénggōng, nǎ lái de xìngfú? [Pinyin]
    How can one be happy without success?
  3. achievements; exploits; deeds
  4. effect, outcome
  5. to gather in the crops; to harvest

Antonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic (成功):

See also[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
せい
Grade: 4
こう
Grade: 4
on'yomi

Noun[edit]

成功 (hiragana せいこう, romaji seikō)

  1. success
  2. success in life, achievement in the world

Synonyms[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

Verb[edit]

成功 + する (hiragana せいこうする, romaji seikō suru)

  1. succeed
    製品 (せいひん)開発 (かいはつ)成功 (せいこう)した。
    seihin no kaihatsu ni seikō shita.
    We successfully developed the product.
  2. be successful in life

Conjugation[edit]

References[edit]

  • 2002, Ineko Kondō; Fumi Takano; Mary E Althaus; et. al., Shogakukan Progressive Japanese-English Dictionary, Third Edition, Tokyo: Shōgakukan, ISBN 4095102535.

Korean[edit]

Hanja in this word

Noun[edit]

成功 (seonggong) (hangeul 성공)

  1. Hanja form? of 성공, “success”.

Vietnamese[edit]

Hán tự in this word

Verb[edit]

成功

  1. Hán tự form of thành công, "to succeed"