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U+529F, 功
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-529F

[U+529E]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+52A0]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
5 strokes

Han character[edit]

(radical 19, +3, 5 strokes, cangjie input 一大尸 (MKS), four-corner 14127, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 146, character 11
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 2295
  • Dae Jaweon: page 328, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 365, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+529F

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
Wikipedia has an article on:

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Transcribed ancient scripts
功-bigseal.svg

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *koːŋ) and ideogrammic compound (會意): phonetic (OC *koːŋ, labor; work) + semantic (strength).

Etymology[edit]

Cognate with (OC *koːŋ). See there for more.

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • kong - literary;
  • kang - vernacular.
  • Wu
  • Xiang

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (28)
    Final () (1)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /kuŋ/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /kuŋ/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /kuŋ/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /kəwŋ/
    Li
    Rong
    /kuŋ/
    Wang
    Li
    /kuŋ/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /kuŋ/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    gōng
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    gung1
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    gōng
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ kuwng ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*kˁoŋ/
    English work, effort

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 4021
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*koːŋ/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. achievement; merit; good result
        ―  gòng fù shì gōng  ―  (please add an English translation of this example)
    2. (physics) work

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    Readings[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (こう) (

    1. a success, a great achievement
      • (Can we date this quote?)金正日将軍の歌 [Song of General Kim Jong Il]”:
        (あお)(うな)(ばら) その(こう)(うた)
        aoki unabara sono utau
        The blue seas sing his [Kim Jong Il's] exploits in their songs.

    (いさお) (isao

    1. Alternative form of

    Proper noun[edit]

    (いさお) (Isao

    1. A male given name

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (eumhun (gong gong))

    1. Hanja form? of (service; credit; meritorious deed).
    2. Hanja form? of (effort; labor; elaboration).

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    : Hán Nôm readings: công

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.