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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
功-bw.png

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *koːŋ): phonetic  ‎(OC *koːŋ) + semantic  ‎(strength)

Han character[edit]

(radical 19 +3, 5 strokes, cangjie input 一大尸 (MKS), four-corner 14127, composition)

  1. achievement, merit, good result

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 146, character 11
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 2295
  • Dae Jaweon: page 328, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 365, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+529F

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (28)
Final () (1)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kuŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/kuŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/kuŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kəwŋ/
Li
Rong
/kuŋ/
Wang
Li
/kuŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kuŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
gōng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
gōng
Middle
Chinese
‹ kuwng ›
Old
Chinese
/*kˤoŋ/
English work, effort

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 4021
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*koːŋ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana こう, romaji )

  1. a success, a great achievement

‎(hiragana いさお, romaji isao)

  1. Alternative form of

Proper noun[edit]

‎(hiragana いさお, romaji Isao)

  1. A male given name

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(gong) (hangeul , revised gong, McCune-Reischauer kong)

Noun[edit]

‎(gong) ‎(hangeul )

  1. service, credit, meritorious deed
  2. effort, labor, elaboration

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(công)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.