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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
功-bw.png

Han character[edit]

(radical 19 +3, 5 strokes, cangjie input 一大尸 (MKS), four-corner 14127, composition)

  1. achievement, merit, good result

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 146, character 11
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 2295
  • Dae Jaweon: page 328, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 365, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+529F

Chinese[edit]

-
simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (功), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 見 (28)
Final: 東
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 古紅切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/kuŋ/ /kuŋ/ /kuŋ/ /kuŋ/ /kəwŋ/ /kuŋ/ /kuŋ/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
gōng ‹ kuwng › /*kˤoŋ/ work, effort

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
4021 0 /*koːŋ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana こう, romaji )

  1. a success, a great achievement

(hiragana いさお, romaji isao)

  1. Alternative form of

Proper noun[edit]

(hiragana いさお, romaji Isao)

  1. A male given name

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(gong) (hangeul , revised gong, McCune-Reischauer kong)

Noun[edit]

()

  1. service, credit, meritorious deed
  2. effort, labor, elaboration

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(công)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.