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U+529F, 功
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-529F

[U+529E]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+52A0]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
5 strokes

Han character[edit]

(radical 19, +3, 5 strokes, cangjie input 一大尸 (MKS), four-corner 14127, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 146, character 11
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 2295
  • Dae Jaweon: page 328, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 365, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+529F

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
Wikipedia has an article on:

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Transcribed ancient scripts
功-bigseal.svg

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *koːŋ) and ideogrammic compound (會意): phonetic  (OC *koːŋ, labor; work) + semantic  (strength).

Etymology[edit]

Cognate with (OC *koːŋ). See there for more.

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • kong - literary;
  • kang - vernacular.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (28)
Final () (1)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kuŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/kuŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/kuŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kəwŋ/
Li
Rong
/kuŋ/
Wang
Li
/kuŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kuŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
gōng
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
gōng
Middle
Chinese
‹ kuwng ›
Old
Chinese
/*kˁoŋ/
English work, effort

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 4021
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*koːŋ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. achievement; merit; good result
      ―  gòng fù shì gōng  ―  (please add an English translation of this example)
  2. (physics) work

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Noun[edit]

(こう) (

  1. a success, a great achievement
    • (Can we date this quote?)金正日将軍の歌 [Song of General Kim Jong Il]”:
      (あお)(うな)(ばら) その(こう)(うた)
      aoki unabara sono utau
      The blue seas sing his [Kim Jong Il's] exploits in their songs.

(いさお) (isao

  1. Alternative form of

Proper noun[edit]

(いさお) (Isao

  1. A male given name

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(eum (gong))

Noun[edit]

(gong) (hangeul )

  1. service, credit, meritorious deed
  2. effort, labor, elaboration

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

: Hán Nôm readings: công

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.