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See also: 鸿

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 196 +6, 17 strokes, cangjie input 水一竹火 (EMHF) or X水一竹火 (XEMHF), four-corner 37127, composition)

  1. species of wild swan
  2. vast

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1488, character 20
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 46874
  • Dae Jaweon: page 2019, character 19
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 7, page 4632, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+9D3B

Chinese[edit]

-
trad.
simp. 鸿

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (鴻), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: 匣 (33)
Final: 東
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 戸公切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɦuŋ/ /ɣuŋ/ /ɣuŋ/ /ɦuŋ/ /ɦəwŋ/ /ɣuŋ/ /ɣuŋ/
Character (鴻), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: 匣 (33)
Final: 東
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie: 胡孔切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɦuŋX/ /ɣuŋX/ /ɣuŋX/ /ɦuŋX/ /ɦəwŋX/ /ɣuŋX/ /ɣuŋX/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
hóng ‹ huwng › /*[ɡ]ˤoŋ/ kind of wild goose

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
4061 0 /*ɡoːŋ/
4062 0 /*ɡoːŋʔ/

Definitions[edit]

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Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

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Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(hong) (hangeul , revised hong, McCune-Reischauer hong, Yale hong)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(hồng)

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