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U+9D3B, 鴻
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-9D3B

[U+9D3A]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+9D3C]
See also: 鸿

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 196 +6, 17 strokes, cangjie input 水一竹火 (EMHF) or X水一竹火 (XEMHF), four-corner 37127, composition)

  1. species of wild swan
  2. vast

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1488, character 20
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 46874
  • Dae Jaweon: page 2019, character 19
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 7, page 4632, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+9D3B

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp. 鸿

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kroːŋ, *ɡroːŋ
*kluːmʔ, *koːŋ
*kluːmʔ
*ŋr'oːŋ, *kʰroːŋ, *kʰoːŋ
*kroːŋ
*kroːŋ, *qʰroːŋ
*kroːŋ
*kroːŋ
*kroːŋ
*kroːŋ
*kroːŋ, *koːŋ, *kuːŋ
*kroːŋ
*kroːŋ, *koːŋ
*kroːŋs, *koːŋs, *ɡoːŋ
*kʰroːŋ
*kʰroːŋ, *kʰoːŋ
*kʰroːŋ
*kʰroːŋ, *kʰoːŋs
*kʰroːŋ, *kʰoːŋ
*kʰroːŋ, *kʰoːŋ, *kʰoːŋs
*kʰroːŋ, *kʰoŋ, *ɡoŋ
*qʰroːŋ
*qʰroːŋ, *qʰoːŋ
*qʰroːŋ
*ɡroːŋ
*ɡroːŋʔ
*ɡ·roːŋ
*koːŋ
*koːŋ
*koːŋ
*koːŋ, *qʰoːŋ, *ɡoːŋ
*koːŋ, *kuːŋ
*koːŋ
*koːŋ
*koːŋs
*koːŋs
*kʰoːŋ, *kʰoːŋs
*kʰoːŋ
*kʰoːŋ
*kʰoːŋ
*kʰoːŋ
*kʰoːŋ, *kʰoːŋʔ, *kʰoːŋs
*kʰoːŋs
*qʰoːŋ
*qʰoːŋʔ
*ɡoːŋ
*ɡoːŋ
*ɡoːŋ
*ɡoːŋ
*ɡoːŋ
*ɡoːŋ, *ɡoːŋʔ
*ɡoːŋʔ
*ɡoːŋʔ
*koŋʔ
*koŋʔ
*kʰoŋ, *qʰoŋ
*kʰoŋʔ, *kʰoŋs
*ɡoŋ
*ɡoŋ
*ɡoŋ
*ɡoŋ

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (33) (33)
Final () (1) (1)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () I I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɦuŋ/ /ɦuŋX/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɦuŋ/ /ɦuŋX/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɣuŋ/ /ɣuŋX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɦəwŋ/ /ɦəwŋX/
Li
Rong
/ɣuŋ/ /ɣuŋX/
Wang
Li
/ɣuŋ/ /ɣuŋX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɣuŋ/ /ɣuŋX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
hóng hòng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
hóng
Middle
Chinese
‹ huwng ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ɡ]ˤoŋ/
English kind of wild goose

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 4061 4062
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɡoːŋ/ /*ɡoːŋʔ/

Definitions[edit]

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Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

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Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(hong) (hangeul , revised hong, McCune-Reischauer hong, Yale hong)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(hồng)

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