Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also: 鸿
U+9D3B, 鴻
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-9D3B

[U+9D3A]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+9D3C]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 196, +6, 17 strokes, cangjie input 水一竹火 (EMHF) or X水一竹火 (XEMHF), four-corner 37127, composition or ⿰)

  1. species of wild swan
  2. vast

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1488, character 20
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 46874
  • Dae Jaweon: page 2019, character 19
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 7, page 4632, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+9D3B

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp. 鸿

Glyph origin[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ɡoːŋ, *ɡoːŋʔ): phonetic  (OC *kroːŋ) + semantic  (bird).

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (33) (33)
Final () (1) (1)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () I I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɦuŋ/ /ɦuŋX/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɦuŋ/ /ɦuŋX/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɣuŋ/ /ɣuŋX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɦəwŋ/ /ɦəwŋX/
Li
Rong
/ɣuŋ/ /ɣuŋX/
Wang
Li
/ɣuŋ/ /ɣuŋX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɣuŋ/ /ɣuŋX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
hóng hòng
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
hóng
Middle
Chinese
‹ huwng ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ɡ]ˁoŋ/
English kind of wild goose

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 4061 4062
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɡoːŋ/ /*ɡoːŋʔ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. (literary) swan
  2. (literary) swan goose
  3. (literary, figuratively) letter; epistle; written message
  4. (literary) of great size; big; large; huge
  5. (literary) strong; powerful; energetic

Synonyms[edit]

edit
  • (of great size): ()
  • (strong): (qiáng)

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

  1. a large bird
  2. a wild goose
  3. large/great
  4. powerful
  5. prosperous

Readings[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Kanji in this term
ひしくい
Jinmeiyō
kun’yomi

Noun[edit]

(ひしくい) (hishikui (historical kana ひしくひ)

  1. Alternative spelling of 菱食 (taiga bean goose (Anser fabalis))

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(hong) (hangeul , revised hong, McCune–Reischauer hong, Yale hong)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(hồng)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.