||eastern bean goose; great; large
metropolis; capital city; all; both (if two things are involved); entirely; even; already
Hóngdū was originally the name of one of the gates of the Northern Palace in Luoyang (capital of China during the Han Dynasty). Later, it came to refer generically to any capital.
- (archaic) the capital
- (archaic) the capital of the spirit world
- “Selected Readings in Ancient Chinese literature: Song of Everlasting Regret, note 26”, in Yunnan Radio & TV University (in Mandarin), accessed 2009-05-31