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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ŋraːns): phonetic  ‎(OC *hŋaːnʔ, *hŋaːns) + semantic  + semantic 

Han character[edit]

(radical 172 +4, 12 strokes, cangjie input 一人人土 (MOOG), four-corner 71214, composition)

  1. wild goose (as opposed to a domesticated goose, )

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1364, character 24
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 41960
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1868, character 22
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 4093, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+96C1

Chinese[edit]

Chinese Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia zh

trad. /
simp.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (31)
Final: (69)
Tone: Departing (H)

Openness: Open
Division: II
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: yàn
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/ŋɣanH/ /ŋɯanH/ /ŋɐnH/ /ŋaɨnH/ /ŋanH/ /ŋanH/ /ŋanH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
yàn ‹ ngænH › /*C.[ŋ]ˤrar-s/ wild goose

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
14436 1 /*ŋraːns/

Noun[edit]

  1. wild goose (as opposed to a domesticated goose, )

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

  1. wild goose

Readings[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia ja

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
がん
Jinmeiyō
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese ‎(ngænH, wild goose).

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana がん, romaji gan)

  1. wild goose
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
かり
Jinmeiyō
kun'yomi

Said to be from the cry of a wild goose.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana かり, romaji kari)

  1. wild goose
  2. cry of a wild goose
Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. 2.0 2.1 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(an) (hangeul , revised an, McCune-Reischauer an, Yale an)

  1. (기러기 안, gireogi-): wild goose, whose skein flies in wedge or cuneiform, in contrast with (거위 아, geowi-a), the domestic goose that would not fly at all.

Compounds[edit]

  • 家雁 (가안, ga-an) domestic goose, literally, house goose.

See also[edit]