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U+96C1, 雁
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-96C1

[U+96C0]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+96C2]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 172, +4, 12 strokes, cangjie input 一人人土 (MOOG), four-corner 71214, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1364, character 24
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 41960
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1868, character 22
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 6, page 4093, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+96C1

Chinese[edit]

trad. /
simp.
alternative forms
Wikipedia has articles on:

Glyph origin[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ŋraːns): phonetic (OC *hŋaːnʔ, *hŋaːns) + semantic + semantic .

Etymology[edit]

Either from with nominalizing suffix *-n; or both (OC *ŋaːl) and (OC *ŋraːns) reflect an earlier liquid final *-l or *-r (Schuessler, 2007).

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *ŋa-n (goose), cognate with Tibetan ངང་པ (ngang pa), Burmese ငန်း (ngan:).

On resonants' correspondence among Burmese, Tibetan and Chinese, see Hill (2014).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • 3nge - vernacular;
  • 2i - literary.
  • Xiang
  • Note: ngai5 - only in 雁鵝.

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (31)
    Final () (69)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () II
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ŋˠanH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ŋᵚanH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ŋɐnH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ŋaɨnH/
    Li
    Rong
    /ŋanH/
    Wang
    Li
    /ŋanH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ŋanH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    yàn
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    yàn
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ ngænH ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*C.[ŋ]ˁrar-s/
    English wild goose

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 14436
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ŋraːns/
    Notes

    Definitions[edit]

    1. wild goose (as opposed to a domesticated goose (é))

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

    1. wild goose

    Readings[edit]

    • Go-on: げん (gen)
    • Kan-on: がん (gan)
    • Kun: かり (kari, )
    Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
    Wikipedia ja

    Etymology 1[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    がん
    Jinmeiyō
    on’yomi

    From Middle Chinese (ngænH, wild goose).

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Alternative forms[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (がん) (gan

    1. wild goose
    Derived terms[edit]

    Etymology 2[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    かり
    Jinmeiyō
    kun’yomi

    Said to be from the cry of a wild goose.[1]

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (かり) (kari

    1. wild goose
    2. cry of a wild goose
    Derived terms[edit]

    References[edit]

    1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
    2. 2.0 2.1 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (eumhun 기러기 (gireogi an))

    1. wild goose, whose skein flies in wedge or cuneiform, in contrast with (거위 아, geowi-a), the domestic goose that would not fly at all.

    Compounds[edit]

    • 家雁 (가안, ga-an) domestic goose, literally, house goose.

    See also[edit]


    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    : Hán Nôm readings: nhạn

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.