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See also:
U+6BBA, 殺
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6BBA

[U+6BB9]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6BBB]
U+F970, 殺
CJK COMPATIBILITY IDEOGRAPH-F970

[U+F96F]
CJK Compatibility Ideographs
[U+F971]
U+FA96, 殺
CJK COMPATIBILITY IDEOGRAPH-FA96

[U+FA95]
CJK Compatibility Ideographs
[U+FA97]
殺 U+2F8F5, 殺
CJK COMPATIBILITY IDEOGRAPH-2F8F5
殟
[U+2F8F4]
CJK Compatibility Ideographs Supplement 殻
[U+2F8F6]

Translingual[edit]

Traditional
Simplified
Japanese
Korean

Alternative forms[edit]

  • In traditional Chinese (based on the modern character forms used in Taiwan and Hong Kong), the bottom left component is (𣎳 with an additional dot at its top right corner).
  • In mainland China (based on the Xin Zixing (新字形) standardized character forms), the bottom left component is instead which is one stroke less.
  • In Korean hanja, the bottom left component is , which is also the historical form found in the Kangxi dictionary.
  • In Japanese shinjitai and Vietnamese Nôm, the bottom left component is which is one stroke less.
  • Three CJK Compatibility Ideographs exist for this character:
    • U+F970 corresponds to the Japanese kyūjitai form containing which is similar to the historical Kangxi form.
    • U+FA96 corresponds to the alternative Korean form which is similar to the Japanese shinjitai form containing .
    • U+2F8F5 is similar to the traditional form in Taiwan but has 𣎳 (without dot at top right corner) instead of as its bottom left component.

Han character[edit]

(radical 79, +7 in traditional Chinese and Korean, 殳+6 in mainland China and Japanese, 11 strokes in traditional Chinese and Korean, 10 strokes in mainland China and Japanese, cangjie input 大金竹弓水 (KCHNE) or 大木竹弓水 (KDHNE), four-corner 47947, composition ⿰⿱(G) or ⿰⿱(HT) or ⿰⿱(JV or U+FA96) or ⿰⿱(K or U+F970).⿰⿱𣎳(U+2F8F5))

Related characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 585, character 11
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 16638
  • Dae Jaweon: page 978, character 5
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 2157, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+6BBA

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp. *

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*sreːdss
*sreːds, *srads, *sreːd
*sreːds, *sreːd
*srads, *sreːd
*slaːd
*sreːd
*sreːd, *sred
*sʰraːd

In the oracle bone script, it was an ideogrammic compound (會意):  (spear) + [Term?] (hair) – a man impaled in the head.

In the bronze script, (“man”) was added under the hair to accentuate the killing of the man. In some bronze inscriptions, (“spear”) or was used in place of .

In the bamboo and silk script, symbol representing the man being killed corrupted into : (weapon for killing) + 𣎳. The seal script inherits this: Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *sreːds, *sreːd): phonetic 𣏂 + semantic  (spear).

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *g/b-sat.

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • sat - literary;
  • soah - vernacular.
  • Wu

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /ʂa⁵⁵/
    Harbin /ʂa⁴⁴/
    Tianjin /sɑ²¹/
    Jinan /ʂa²¹³/
    Qingdao /ʂa⁵⁵/
    Zhengzhou /ʈ͡ʂʰa²⁴/
    Xi'an /sa²¹/
    Xining /sa⁴⁴/
    Yinchuan /ʂa¹³/
    Lanzhou /ʂa¹³/
    Ürümqi /sa²¹³/
    Wuhan /sa²¹³/
    Chengdu /sa³¹/
    Guiyang /sa²¹/
    Kunming /ʂa̠³¹/
    Nanjing /ʂɑʔ⁵/
    Hefei /ʂɐʔ⁵/
    Jin Taiyuan /saʔ²/
    Pingyao /sʌʔ¹³/
    Hohhot /saʔ⁴³/
    Wu Shanghai /saʔ⁵/
    Suzhou /saʔ⁵/
    Hangzhou /sɑʔ⁵/
    Wenzhou /sa²¹³/
    Hui Shexian /saʔ²¹/
    Tunxi /sɔ⁵/
    Xiang Changsha /sa²⁴/
    Xiangtan /sɒ²⁴/
    Gan Nanchang /saʔ⁵/
    Hakka Meixian /sat̚¹/
    Taoyuan /sɑt̚²²/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /sat̚³/
    Nanning /sat̚³³/
    Hong Kong /sɐt̚³/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /sat̚³²/
    /suaʔ³²/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /sɑʔ²³/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /suɛ²⁴/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /suaʔ²/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /sa⁵⁵/
    /tua⁵⁵/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    Initial () (21)
    Final () (75)
    Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () II
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ʃˠɛt̚/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ʃᵚæt̚/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ʃæt̚/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ʂəɨt̚/
    Li
    Rong
    /ʃɛt̚/
    Wang
    Li
    /ʃæt̚/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ʂat̚/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    sha
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    shā
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ srɛt ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*s<r>at/
    English kill

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    No. 11010
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    2
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*sreːd/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. to kill; to murder
    2. to hurt

    Usage notes[edit]

    • Normally, the subject of 殺 should at least be alive. The sentence "A tiger killed many people." can be validly translated as 老虎殺死數人, while the sentence "This accident killed many people." is seldom translated as *這次事故殺死數人. For death caused by non-living things, splitted forms of 致死 (zhìsǐ) is often used instead:
      事故死亡 [MSC, trad.]
      事故死亡 [MSC, simp.]
      Zhè cì shìgù zhì shù rén sǐwáng. [Pinyin]
      This accident caused many people's death.
    Synonyms[edit]
    Dialectal synonyms of (“to kill (a person)”) [map]
    Variety Location Words
    Classical Chinese
    Formal (Written Standard Chinese)
    Mandarin Beijing
    Taiwan
    Jinan
    Xi'an
    Wuhan
    Chengdu
    Yangzhou
    Hefei
    Cantonese Guangzhou
    Hong Kong
    Yangjiang
    Gan Nanchang
    Hakka Meixian
    Jin Taiyuan
    Min Bei Jian'ou
    Min Dong Fuzhou
    Fuqing
    Min Nan Xiamen
    Quanzhou
    Zhangzhou
    Taipei
    Kaohsiung
    Penang
    Chaozhou
    Wu Suzhou
    Wenzhou
    Xiang Changsha
    Shuangfeng
    Dialectal synonyms of (“to slaughter; to butcher”) [map]
    Variety Location Words
    Classical Chinese
    Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 宰殺屠宰
    Mandarin Beijing fish
    Taiwan
    Jinan
    Xi'an
    Wuhan fish
    Chengdu
    Yangzhou fish
    Hefei fish
    Cantonese Guangzhou chicken
    Hong Kong
    Hong Kong (Weitou)
    Taishan
    Yangjiang
    Gan Nanchang fish
    Hakka Meixian
    Miaoli (N. Sixian)
    Liudui (S. Sixian)
    Hsinchu (Hailu)
    Dongshi (Dabu)
    Zhuolan (Raoping)
    Yunlin (Zhao'an)
    Hong Kong
    Sabah
    Singkawang
    Jin Taiyuan
    Min Bei Jian'ou
    Min Dong Fuzhou
    Min Nan Xiamen
    Quanzhou
    Zhangzhou
    Taipei
    Kaohsiung
    Penang
    Chaozhou
    Wu Suzhou
    Wenzhou
    Xiang Changsha
    Shuangfeng

    Compounds[edit]

    Etymology 2[edit]

    From (OC *sʰrol, *srul, “to diminish; to decay”) + final *-t (Schuessler, 2007).

    Pronunciation[edit]



    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    Initial () (21)
    Final () (33)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () II
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ʃˠɛiH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ʃᵚæiH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ʃɐiH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ʂəɨjH/
    Li
    Rong
    /ʃɛiH/
    Wang
    Li
    /ʃɐiH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ʂăiH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    shài
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    shài
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ srɛjH ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*s<r>at-s/
    English diminish

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    No. 11006
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    2
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*sreːds/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. to pare off; to diminish; to reduce; to clip
      [Classical Chinese, trad.]
      [Classical Chinese, simp.]
      From: 荀子, 《樂論》
      Lóngshā zhī yì biàn yǐ. [Pinyin]
      The principle of increase and dimunution (of sumptuary allowances) is defined.

    Compounds[edit]

    Etymology 3[edit]

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Definitions[edit]

    1. dark
    2. Alternative form of 𥻦 (“to spread; to exile”).

    Etymology 4[edit]

    Pronunciation[edit]


    Definitions[edit]

    1. Only used in 蹩殺蹩杀.

    Etymology 5[edit]

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Definitions[edit]

    1. Only used in 降殺降杀.

    Etymology 6[edit]

    For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“to kill a parent or superior”).
    (This character, , is a variant form of .)

    Japanese[edit]

    Shinjitai

    Kyūjitai

    Kanji[edit]

    (grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. to kill

    Readings[edit]

    Compounds[edit]


    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (sal, soe) (hangeul , , McCune–Reischauer sal, soe, Yale sal, soy)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (sát, sái, sít, sịt, sướt, sét, sượt)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.