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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Originally written . Pictogram (象形) - a beast impaled in the head.

Compound ("pole, weapon") is added in Small Seal Script.

Han character[edit]

(radical 79 +7, 11 strokes, cangjie input 大金竹弓水 (KCHNE) or 大木竹弓水 (KDHNE), four-corner 47947, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 585, character 11
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 16638
  • Dae Jaweon: page 978, character 5
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 2157, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+6BBA

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Pronunciation[edit]


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ʂa⁵⁵/
Harbin /ʂa⁴⁴/
Tianjin /sɑ²¹/
Jinan /ʂa²¹³/
Qingdao /ʂa⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /ʈ͡ʂʰa²⁴/
Xi'an /sa²¹/
Xining /sa⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /ʂa¹³/
Lanzhou /ʂa¹³/
Ürümqi /sa²¹³/
Wuhan /sa²¹³/
Chengdu /sa³¹/
Guiyang /sa²¹/
Kunming /ʂa̠³¹/
Nanjing /ʂɑʔ⁵/
Hefei /ʂɐʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /saʔ²/
Pingyao /sʌʔ¹³/
Hohhot /saʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /saʔ⁵/
Suzhou /saʔ⁵/
Hangzhou /sɑʔ⁵/
Wenzhou /sa²¹³/
Hui Shexian /saʔ²¹/
Tunxi /sɔ⁵/
Xiang Changsha /sa²⁴/
Xiangtan /sɒ²⁴/
Gan Nanchang /saʔ⁵/
Hakka Meixian /sat̚¹/
Taoyuan /sɑt̚²²/
Cantonese Guangzhou /sat̚³/
Nanning /sat̚³³/
Hong Kong /sɐt̚³/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /sat̚³²/
/suaʔ³²/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /sɑʔ²³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /suɛ²⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /suaʔ²/
Haikou (Min Nan) /sa⁵⁵/
/tua⁵⁵/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: (21)
Final:
Division: II

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ʃɣɛiH/ /ʂăiH/ /ʃɛiH/ /ʃɯæiH/ /ʂəɨjH/ /ʃɐiH/ /ʃɐiH/
Character (), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: (21)
Final:
Division: II

Openness: Open
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ʃɣɛt̚/ /ʂat̚/ /ʃɛt̚/ /ʃɯæt̚/ /ʂəɨt̚/ /ʃæt̚/ /ʃæt̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
shā ‹ srɛt › /*s<r>at/ kill
shài ‹ srɛjH › /*s<r>at-s/ diminish

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
11006 2 /*sreːds/
11010 2 /*sreːd/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to kill, to murder
  2. hurt
  3. to pare off, reduce, clip
    [Classical Chinese, trad.]
    [Classical Chinese, simp.]
    From: 荀子, 《樂論》
    Lóngshā zhī yì biàn yǐ. [Pinyin]
    The principle of increase and dimunution (of sumptuary allowances) is defined.

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. to kill

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(sal, soe) (hangeul , , McCune-Reischauer sal, soe, Yale sal, soy)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(sát, sái, sít, sịt, sướt, sét, sượt)

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