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Translingual[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 18 +6, 8 strokes, cangjie input 木月中弓 (DBLN), four-corner 52900, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 139, character 13
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 1969
  • Dae Jaweon: page 316, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 333, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+523A

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (14) (14)
Final () (11) (123)
Tone (調) Departing (H) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡sʰiᴇH/ /t͡sʰiᴇk̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡sʰiɛH/ /t͡sʰiɛk̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡sʰjɛH/ /t͡sʰiæk̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/t͡sʰiə̆H/ /t͡sʰiajk̚/
Li
Rong
/t͡sʰieH/ /t͡sʰiɛk̚/
Wang
Li
/t͡sʰǐeH/ /t͡sʰĭɛk̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡sʰie̯H/ /t͡sʰi̯ɛk̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
qi
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ tshjeH › ‹ tshjek ›
Old
Chinese
/*[tsʰ]ek-s/ /*[tsʰ]ek/
English sharp point, thorn pierce, stab

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 1746 1780
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*sʰeɡs/ /*sʰeɡ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. thorn
  2. visiting card
  3. to stab
  4. to prick, to irritate
  5. to prod

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

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Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: S
on'yomi

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana , romaji shi)

  1. calling card

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana とげ, romaji toge)

  1. thorn
  2. biting words

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(ja, cheok, che) (hangeul , , , McCune-Reischauer cha, ch'ŏk, ch'e, Yale ca, chek, chey)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(thứ, thích, chích)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.