Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also: and
U+523A, 刺
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-523A

[U+5239]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+523B]

Translingual[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 18, +6, 8 strokes, cangjie input 木月中弓 (DBLN), four-corner 52900, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 139, character 13
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 1969
  • Dae Jaweon: page 316, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 333, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+523A

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ʔsreːɡs, *ʔsreːɡ
*ʔseɡs, *ʔseɡ
*sʰeɡs, *sʰeɡ
*sʰeːɡs, *raːds
*sʰeɡs
*sʰeɡs
*zeɡs
*zraːd, *zreːɡ
*ʔsraːɡ, *ʔsreːɡ, *zreːɡ
*sreːɡ, *sʰloːɡ, *sloːɡ, *l̥ʰoɡ
*sreːɡ, *sroɡs, *sroɡs
*ʔsreːɡ
*ʔsreːɡ
*ʔsreːɡ, *sʰreːɡ, *sʰeɡ
*ʔsreːɡ
*ʔsreːɡ
*sʰreːɡ
*sʰreːɡ
*sʰreːɡ
*sʰreːɡ, *kreːb, *keːb
*sʰreːɡ, *sreːɡ
*zreːɡ
鰿 *zreːɡ, *ʔseɡ
*sreːɡ
*ʔseɡ
*ʔseɡ
*sʰeɡ
*sʰeɡ
*ʔseːɡ
*ʔseːɡ
*ʔseːɡ

Pronunciation 1[edit]


Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2
Initial () (14)
Final () (11)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡sʰiᴇH/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡sʰiɛH/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡sʰjɛH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/t͡sʰiə̆H/
Li
Rong
/t͡sʰieH/
Wang
Li
/t͡sʰǐeH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡sʰie̯H/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ tshjeH ›
Old
Chinese
/*[tsʰ]ek-s/
English sharp point, thorn

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2
No. 1746
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*sʰeɡs/

Definitions[edit]

  1. thorn
  2. visiting card

Pronunciation 2[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 2/2
Initial () (14)
Final () (123)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡sʰiᴇk̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡sʰiɛk̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡sʰiæk̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/t͡sʰiajk̚/
Li
Rong
/t͡sʰiɛk̚/
Wang
Li
/t͡sʰĭɛk̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡sʰi̯ɛk̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
qi
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ tshjek ›
Old
Chinese
/*[tsʰ]ek/
English pierce, stab

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/2
No. 1780
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*sʰeɡ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to stab; to prick
  2. to assassinate
  3. to criticize with pointed words

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Kanji in this term

Grade: S
on’yomi

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana , rōmaji shi)

  1. calling card

Noun[edit]

(hiragana とげ, rōmaji toge)

  1. thorn
  2. biting words

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(ja, cheok, che) (hangeul , , , McCune–Reischauer cha, ch'ŏk, ch'e, Yale ca, chek, chey)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(thích, thứ, chích)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.