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U+523A, 刺
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-523A

[U+5239]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+523B]

Translingual[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 18 +6, 8 strokes, cangjie input 木月中弓 (DBLN), four-corner 52900, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 139, character 13
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 1969
  • Dae Jaweon: page 316, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 333, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+523A

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ʔsreːɡs, *ʔsreːɡ
*ʔseɡs, *ʔseɡ
*sʰeɡs, *sʰeɡ
*sʰeːɡs, *raːds
*sʰeɡs
*sʰeɡs
*zeɡs
*zraːd, *zreːɡ
*ʔsraːɡ, *ʔsreːɡ, *zreːɡ
*sreːɡ, *sʰloːɡ, *sloːɡ, *l̥ʰoɡ
*sreːɡ, *sroɡs, *sroɡs
*ʔsreːɡ
*ʔsreːɡ
*ʔsreːɡ, *sʰreːɡ, *sʰeɡ
*ʔsreːɡ
*ʔsreːɡ
*sʰreːɡ
*sʰreːɡ
*sʰreːɡ
*sʰreːɡ, *kreːb, *keːb
*sʰreːɡ, *sreːɡ
*zreːɡ
鰿 *zreːɡ, *ʔseɡ
*sreːɡ
*ʔseɡ
*ʔseɡ
*sʰeɡ
*sʰeɡ
*ʔseːɡ
*ʔseːɡ
*ʔseːɡ

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • chhiah - vernacular;
  • chhù - literary;
  • chhì - vernacular (Xiamen, Zhangzhou).
  • Wu

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2
    Initial () (14) (14)
    Final () (11) (123)
    Tone (調) Departing (H) Checked (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open Open
    Division () III III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /t͡sʰiᴇH/ /t͡sʰiᴇk̚/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /t͡sʰiɛH/ /t͡sʰiɛk̚/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /t͡sʰjɛH/ /t͡sʰiæk̚/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /t͡sʰiə̆H/ /t͡sʰiajk̚/
    Li
    Rong
    /t͡sʰieH/ /t͡sʰiɛk̚/
    Wang
    Li
    /t͡sʰǐeH/ /t͡sʰĭɛk̚/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /t͡sʰie̯H/ /t͡sʰi̯ɛk̚/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    qi
    Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ tshjeH › ‹ tshjek ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[tsʰ]ek-s/ /*[tsʰ]ek/
    English sharp point, thorn pierce, stab

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2
    No. 1746 1780
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0 0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*sʰeɡs/ /*sʰeɡ/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. thorn
    2. visiting card
    3. to stab
    4. to prick; to irritate
    5. to prod

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (common “Jōyō” kanji)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Readings[edit]

    Compounds[edit]


    Kanji in this term

    Grade: S
    on’yomi

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana , rōmaji shi)

    1. calling card

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana とげ, rōmaji toge)

    1. thorn
    2. biting words

    References[edit]

    1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
    2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (ja, cheok, che) (hangeul , , , McCune-Reischauer cha, ch'ŏk, ch'e, Yale ca, chek, chey)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (thích, thứ, chích)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.