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Translingual[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 18 +6, 8 strokes, cangjie input 木月中弓 (DBLN), four-corner 52900, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 139, character 13
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 1969
  • Dae Jaweon: page 316, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 333, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+523A

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: (14)
Final: (11)
Tone: Departing (H)

Openness: Open
Division: III
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: cì
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡sʰiᴇH/ /t͡sʰiɛH/ /t͡sʰjɛH/ /t͡sʰiə̆H/ /t͡sʰieH/ /t͡sʰǐeH/ /t͡sʰie̯H/
Character (), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: (14)
Final: (123)
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Openness: Open
Division: III
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: qi
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡sʰiᴇk̚/ /t͡sʰiɛk̚/ /t͡sʰiæk̚/ /t͡sʰiajk̚/ /t͡sʰiɛk̚/ /t͡sʰĭɛk̚/ /t͡sʰi̯ɛk̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ tshjeH › /*[tsʰ]ek-s/ sharp point, thorn
‹ tshjek › /*[tsʰ]ek/ pierce, stab

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
1746 0 /*sʰeɡs/
1780 0 /*sʰeɡ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. thorn
  2. visiting card
  3. to stab
  4. to prick, to irritate
  5. to prod

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: S
on'yomi

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana , romaji shi)

  1. calling card

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana とげ, romaji toge)

  1. thorn
  2. biting words

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(ja, cheok, che) (hangeul , , , McCune-Reischauer cha, ch'ŏk, ch'e, Yale ca, chek, chey)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(thứ, thích, chích)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.