- 1 English
- 2 Catalan
- 3 Latvian
- 4 Middle English
- 5 Old French
- (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ˈpeɪpə/
- (General American) IPA(key): /ˈpeɪpɚ/
Audio (US) (file) Audio (UK) (file) Audio (file)
- Rhymes: -eɪpə(ɹ)
- A sheet material used for writing on or printing on (or as a non-waterproof container), usually made by draining cellulose fibres from a suspension in water.
- 1918, W. B. Maxwell, chapter 10, in The Mirror and the Lamp:
- He looked round the poor room, at the distempered walls, and the bad engravings in meretricious frames, the crinkly paper and wax flowers on the chiffonier; and he thought of a room like Father Bryan's, with panelling, with cut glass, with tulips in silver pots, such a room as he had hoped to have for his own.
- A newspaper or anything used as such (such as a newsletter or listing magazine).
- 1909, Archibald Marshall [pseudonym; Arthur Hammond Marshall], chapter II, in The Squire’s Daughter, London: Methuen, OCLC 12026604; republished New York, N.Y.: Dodd, Mead and Company, 1919, OCLC 491297620:
- "I don't want to spoil any comparison you are going to make," said Jim, "but I was at Winchester and New College." ¶ "That will do," said Mackenzie. "I was dragged up at the workhouse school till I was twelve. Then I ran away and sold papers in the streets, and anything else that I could pick up a few coppers by—except steal. […]."
- 1935, George Goodchild, chapter 1, in Death on the Centre Court:
- “Anthea hasn't a notion in her head but to vamp a lot of silly mugwumps. She's set her heart on that tennis bloke […] whom the papers are making such a fuss about.”
- (uncountable) Wallpaper.
- 1913, Mrs. [Marie] Belloc Lowndes, chapter II, in The Lodger, London: Methuen, OCLC 7780546; republished in Novels of Mystery: The Lodger; The Story of Ivy; What Really Happened, New York, N.Y.: Longmans, Green and Co., 55 Fifth Avenue, , OCLC 2666860, page 0091:
- There was a neat hat-and-umbrella stand, and the stranger's weary feet fell soft on a good, serviceable dark-red drugget, which matched in colour the flock-paper on the walls.
- (uncountable) Wrapping paper.
- (rock paper scissors) An open hand (a handshape resembling a sheet of paper), that beats rock and loses to scissors. It loses to lizard and beats Spock in rock-paper-scissors-lizard-Spock.
- A written document, generally shorter than a book (white paper, term paper), in particular one written for the Government.
- A written document that reports scientific or academic research and is usually subjected to peer review before publication in a scientific journal (as a journal article or the manuscript for one) or in the proceedings of a scientific or academic meeting (such as a conference, workshop, or symposium).
- A scholastic essay.
- 2014 January 1, Claire Kramsch, “Language and Culture”, in AILA Review, volume 27, number 5, John Benjamins, DOI:10.1075/aila.27.02kra, ISSN 1461-0213, page 30:
- This paper surveys the research methods and approaches used in the multidisciplinary field of applied language studies or language education over the last fourty[sic] years. Drawing on insights gained in psycho- and sociolinguistics, educational linguistics and linguistic anthropology with regard to language and culture, it is organized around five major questions that concern language educators.
- (slang) Money.
- (New Zealand) A university course.
- A paper packet containing a quantity of items.
- a paper of pins, tacks, opium, etc.
- A medicinal preparation spread upon paper, intended for external application.
- cantharides paper
- A substance resembling paper secreted by certain invertebrates as protection for their nests and eggs.
- (dated) Free passes of admission to a theatre, etc.
- (dated, by extension) The people admitted by free passes.
- (medium used in writing): bookfell
- abrasive paper
- art paper
- banana paper
- blotting paper
- bog paper
- brown paper
- butcher paper
- carbon paper
- chattel paper
- cigarette paper
- commercial paper
- construction paper
- crêpe paper
- daily paper
- emery paper
- filter paper
- funny paper
- graph paper
- green paper
- hang paper
- linen paper
- liquid paper
- litmus paper
- loo paper
- Panama Papers
- photographic paper
- photo paper, photopaper
- plain paper
- position paper
- quadrille paper
- rice paper
- scientific paper
- scratch paper
- sheet of paper
- silver paper
- soda paper
- term paper
- test paper
- tissue paper
- toilet paper
- tracing paper
- treacle paper
- white paper
- wrapping paper
- writing paper
- paper aeroplane/paper airplane
- paper ballot
- paper candidate
- paper chase
- paper chromatography
- paper clip
- paper currency
- paper cut
- paper cutter
- paper diaper
- paper doll
- paper fight
- paper flower
- paper hat
- paper mill
- paper money
- paper nautilus
- paper punch
- paper round
- paper snowflake
- paper tape
- paper tiger
- paper trail
- piece of paper
- put pen to paper
- way out of a paper bag
paper (not comparable)
- Made of paper.
- paper bag; paper plane
- 1892, Walter Besant, chapter II, in The Ivory Gate: A Novel, New York, N.Y.: Harper & Brothers, […], OCLC 16832619:
- At twilight in the summer […] the mice come out. They […] eat the luncheon crumbs. Mr. Checkly, for instance, always brought his dinner in a paper parcel in his coat-tail pocket, and ate it when so disposed, sprinkling crumbs lavishly […] on the floor.
- Insubstantial (from the weakness of common paper)
- paper tiger; paper gangster
- 2016: Manila Standard, "Speed limiter law: A paper tiger"; Maricel Cruz
- Speed limiter law: A paper tiger
- 2016: The Australian, "China says Australia ‘is no paper tiger, only a paper cat at best’"; Rowan Callick
- It concluded that Australia was “not even a paper tiger, it’s only a paper cat at best”
- Planned (from plans being drawn up on paper)
- paper rocket; paper engine
- 2015: Flight Global, "Airbus Helicopters to begin Arrano tests for H160 shortly"; Dominic Perr
- We have to be able to demonstrate that it is not just a paper engine but a real engine
- 2015: CBS News, "ULA unveils new rocket to replace Russian boosters"; William Harwood
- In a background teleconference hosted by SpaceX late last week, an unnamed official dismissed ULA's new booster as a "paper rocket," saying he doubted it would be significantly cheaper than ULA's current stable of launchers.
- 2010: BBC News, "Pratt & Whitney eyes global plane engine deals"; Jorn Madslien
- Ours is not a paper engine... these are real engines that are in production today
- 2010: Spaceflight Now, "Musk refutes report slamming safety standards"; Stephen Clark
- "The Ares 1 is a paper rocket that's far off in the future," Musk said. "Falcon 9 is a real rocket, most of which is at Cape Canaveral right now."
- Having a title that is merely official, or given by courtesy or convention.
- a paper baron; a paper lord
- (transitive) To apply paper to.
- to paper the hallway walls
- (transitive) To document; to memorialize.
- After they reached an agreement, their staffs papered it up.
- (transitive) To fill (a theatre or other paid event) with complimentary seats.
- As the event has not sold well, we'll need to paper the house.
- (transitive) To submit official papers to (a law court, etc.).
- 2006, Drusilla Modjeska, The Best Australian Essays 2006
- As powerhouse lawyers shuttled to Cuba to meet clients and papered the federal courts with habeas corpus petitions, Guantanamo's isolation and lack of publicity, once the military's most powerful psychological weapon, was eliminated.
- 2007, Thomas M. Hanna, The Employer's Legal Advisor: Handling Problem Employees Effectively ...
- […] the warning received only six weeks later for poor attendance as proof that the employer was unjustly papering his personnel file in an effort to create a reason for discharge.
- 2006, Drusilla Modjeska, The Best Australian Essays 2006
- (transitive) To give public notice (typically by displaying posters) that a person is wanted by the police or other authority.
- (transitive) To sandpaper.
- (transitive) To enfold in paper.
- To paste the endpapers and flyleaves at the beginning and end of a book before fitting it into its covers.
First attested 1249. From Latin papȳrus (via a semi-learned route and adapted to a Catalan suffix; cf. Medieval Latin paperium), from Ancient Greek πάπυρος (pápuros). Paper-making was introduced to Europe by the Arabs in the Middle Ages through Italy and Spain. Compare also Old Occitan and French papier, Occitan papièr, Old French paper.
paper m (plural papers)
- “paper” in Diccionari de la llengua catalana, segona edició, Institut d’Estudis Catalans.
- “paper” in Gran Diccionari de la Llengua Catalana, Grup Enciclopèdia Catalana.
- “paper” in Diccionari normatiu valencià, Acadèmia Valenciana de la Llengua.
- “paper” in Diccionari català-valencià-balear, Antoni Maria Alcover and Francesc de Borja Moll, 1962.
- 2nd person singular present indicative form of papērt
- 3rd person singular present indicative form of papērt
- 3rd person plural present indicative form of papērt
- 2rd singular imperative form of papērt
- (with the particle lai) 3rd person singular imperative form of papērt
- (with the particle lai) 3rd person plural imperative form of papērt
paper (plural papyres)
- paper (a thin, white, and flat writing surface made of wood)
- A text, message or note; something that is written.
- A record or accounting document.
- “papī̆r(e (n.)” in MED Online, Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan, 2007, retrieved 2018-07-24.
From Latin papȳrus (likely via a northern Italian intermediate, itself a semi-learned derivative of Medieval Latin paperium), from Ancient Greek πάπυρος (pápuros). Cf. the regional variant paupier. Cognate with Old Occitan papier. Compare also the Medieval Judeo-French paveil (“type of reed”), inherited from a Vulgar Latin form *papelius. Paper-making was introduced to Europe by the Arabs in the Middle Ages through Italy and Spain/Catalonia.