pauper

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Learned borrowing from Latin pauper (poor). Originally a legal term.[1] Doublet of poor.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

pauper (plural paupers)

  1. One who is extremely poor.
    Synonyms: see Thesaurus:pauper
  2. One living on or eligible for public charity.

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Douglas Harper (2001–2021) , “pauper”, in Online Etymology Dictionary.

Further reading[edit]


Dalmatian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Learned borrowing from Latin pauper.

Adjective[edit]

pauper

  1. poor

Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Italic *pawoparos, from Proto-Indo-European *peh₂w- (few, small) (English few).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

pauper (genitive pauperis, comparative pauperior, superlative pauperrimus); third-declension one-termination adjective (non-i-stem)

  1. poor

Declension[edit]

Third-declension one-termination adjective (non-i-stem).

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masc./Fem. Neuter Masc./Fem. Neuter
Nominative pauper pauperēs paupera
Genitive pauperis pauperum
Dative pauperī pauperibus
Accusative pauperem pauper pauperēs paupera
Ablative paupere pauperibus
Vocative pauper pauperēs paupera
  • In Late or Vulgar Latin, this third declension adjective seems to have been regularized to first/second declension, like in the attested forms pauperus and paupera

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • pauper in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • pauper in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • pauper in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to raise a man from poverty to wealth: aliquem ex paupere divitem facere

Middle English[edit]

Noun[edit]

pauper

  1. Alternative form of paper