کاغذ

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See also:كاغذ⁩, ⁧کاغد, andكاغد

Azerbaijani[edit]

Noun[edit]

کاغذ⁩ (kağız) (definite accusativeکاغذی(kağızı), pluralکاغذلار(kağızlar))

  1. Arabic spelling of kağız

Declension[edit]

Persian[edit]

Persian Wikipedia has an article on:
کاغذ
Wikipedia fa

Alternative forms[edit]

  • کاغد(kâğad, kâğed)
  • قاغذ(qâğaz) (dialectal pronunciation)

Etymology[edit]

From Sogdian𐼸𐼰𐼲𐼹𐼰(kʾɣδʾ /⁠kāγaδā⁠/).

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Readings
Classical reading? kāğaḏ, kāğaz
Dari reading? kāğaz
Iranian reading? kâğaz, kâğez
Tajik reading? koġaz
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

Dari کاغذ
Iranian Persian
Tajik коғаз

کاغَذorکاغِذ (kâğaz or kâğez) (pluralکاغذها(kâğaz-hâ))

  1. paper
    • Nāsir Xusraw, Safarnāma, section 22:
      و در آن جا کاغذ نیکو سازند مثل کاغذ سمرقندی بل بهتر
      va dar ân jâ kâğaz-i nêkô sâzand mis̱l-i kâğaz-i samarqandî bal bihtar
      And they make high-quality paper over there, similar to Samarqand paper, but even better.
  2. letter

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • B. Gharib (2013), “Sogdian language i. Loanwords in Persian”, in Encyclopædia Iranica, online edition[1], New York
  • Steingass, Francis Joseph (1892), “کاغذ”, in A Comprehensive Persian–English dictionary, London: Routledge & K. Paul
  • Vullers, Johann August (1856–1864), “کاغذ”, in Lexicon Persico-Latinum etymologicum cum linguis maxime cognatis Sanscrita et Zendica et Pehlevica comparatum, e lexicis persice scriptis Borhâni Qâtiu, Haft Qulzum et Bahâri agam et persico-turcico Farhangi-Shuûrî confectum, adhibitis etiam Castelli, Meninski, Richardson et aliorum operibus et auctoritate scriptorum Persicorum adauctum (in Latin), volume II, Bonn: Adolf Marcus, pages 773–774

Punjabi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Classical Persianکاغذ(kāğaz). Compare Sindhiڪاغذ(kāġazu), Urduکاغذ(kāġaz).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

کاغذ (kāġazm (Gurmukhi spelling ਕਾਗ਼ਜ਼)

  1. paper

Declension[edit]

Declension of ⁧کاغذ
dir. sg. کاغذ(kāġẕ)
dir. pl. کاغذ(kāġẕ)
singular plural
direct کاغذ(kāġẕ) کاغذ(kāġẕ)
oblique کاغذ(kāġẕ) کاغذاں(kāġẕāṉ)
vocative کاغذا(kāġẕā) کاغذو(kāġẕo)
ablative کاغذوں(kāġẕoṉ)
locative کاغذے(kāġẕe) کاغذِیں(kāġẕīṉ)
instrumental کاغذے(kāġẕe) کاغذِیں(kāġẕīṉ)

Urdu[edit]

Urdu Wikipedia has an article on:
کاغذ
Wikipedia ur

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Classical Persianکَاغَذ(kāğaz). Compare Sindhiڪاغذ(kāġazu).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

کاغَذ (kāġazm (formal pluralکاغَذات(kāġazāt), Hindi spelling काग़ज़)

  1. paper, document
    Synonym:دَسْتَاویز(dastāvez)
  2. epistle, letter
  3. note, writing (ie. in writing, connoted with a permission slip)
  4. (dated) newspaper
  5. (often in the plural) legal documents; status (as opposed to being an alien with no legality)

Declension[edit]

Declension of ⁧کاغذ
singular plural
direct کاغَذ(kāġaz) کاغَذ(kāġaz)
oblique کاغَذ(kāġaz) کاغَذوں(kāġazō̃)
vocative کاغَذ(kāġaz) کاغَذو(kāġazō)

Further reading[edit]

  • کاغذ”, in اُردُو لُغَت(urdū luġat) (in Urdu), Ministry of Education: Government of Pakistan, 2017.
  • کاغذ”, in ریخْتَہ لُغَت(rexta luġat) - Rekhta Dictionary [Urdu dictionary with meanings in Hindi & English] (in English), Noida, India: Rekhta Foundation, 2024.
  • Qureshi, Bashir Ahmad (1971), “کاغذ”, in Kitabistan's 20th Century Standard Dictionary‎, Lahore: Kitabistan Pub. Co.
  • Platts, John Thompson (1884), “کاغذ”, in A dictionary of Urdu, classical Hindi, and English, London: W. H. Allen & Co., →ISBN, →OCLC
  • S. W. Fallon (1879), “کاغذ”, in A New Hindustani-English Dictionary, Banaras, London: Trubner and Co.
  • John Shakespear (1834), “کاغذ”, in A dictionary, Hindustani and English: with a copious index, fitting the work to serve, also, as a dictionary of English and Hindustani, 3rd edition, London: J.L. Cox and Son, →OCLC

Ushojo[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Urduکاغَذ(kāġaz).

Noun[edit]

کاغذ⁩ (kāğaz)

  1. paper
    Synonym:قاغز(qāğaz)
  2. trash, junk, waste