alien

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See also: Alien and alíen

English[edit]

English Wikipedia has articles on:
Wikipedia

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English alien, a borrowing from Old French alien, aliene, from Latin aliēnus (belonging to someone else, later exotic, foreign), from Latin alius (other), from Proto-Indo-European *h₂élyos. Related to English else.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈeɪ.li.ən/
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

alien (plural aliens)

  1. Any life form of extraterrestrial or extradimensional origin.
  2. A person, animal, plant, or other thing which is from outside the family, group, organization, or territory under consideration.
  3. A foreigner residing in a country.
    • 1773, William Blackstone, Commentaries on the laws of England: in four books, fifth edition, page 372:
      An alien born may purchase lands, or other estates: but not for his own use; for the king is thereupon entitled to them.
    • 1831, John Marshall, Cherokee Nation v. Georgia, U.S. Government:
      The counsel have shown conclusively that they are not a state of the union, and have insisted that individually they are aliens, not owing allegiance to the United States.
    • 1987, “Englishman in New York”, in …Nothing Like the Sun, performed by Sting:
      I'm an alien, I'm a legal alien
      I'm an Englishman in New York
    • 2004, Wesley Campbell, Stephen Court, Be a hero: the battle for mercy and social justice, Destiny Image Publishers, page 74:
      Aliens are aliens because of persecution or war or hardship or famine.
  4. One excluded from certain privileges; one alienated or estranged.

Synonyms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Adjective[edit]

alien (comparative more alien, superlative most alien)

  1. Not belonging to the same country, land, or government, or to the citizens or subjects thereof; foreign.
    alien subjects, enemies, property, or shores
  2. Very unfamiliar, strange, or removed.
    principles alien to our religion
  3. Pertaining to extraterrestrial life.

Synonyms[edit]

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

Verb[edit]

alien (third-person singular simple present aliens, present participle aliening, simple past and past participle aliened)

  1. (transitive) To estrange; to alienate.
  2. (law) To transfer the ownership of something.

Alternative forms[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Catalan[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

alien

  1. third-person plural present indicative form of aliar

Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from English alien (stranger, foreigner), from Middle English alien, from Old French alien, from Latin aliēnus.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈeː.li.ən/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: ali‧en

Noun[edit]

alien m (plural aliens)

  1. An alien, an extraterrestrial.
    Synonym: ruimtewezen

French[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

alien m (plural aliens)

  1. alien (extraterrestrial)

Middle English[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old French alien, aliene, from Latin aliēnus. Some forms (chiefly nominal) show assimilation to the suffix -ant.

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /aːliˈɛːn/, /ˈaːliɛn/, /ˈaːliən/
  • (with assimilation) IPA(key): /ˈaːliant/, /ˈaːliau̯nt/

Noun[edit]

alien (plural aliens)

  1. An outsider or foreign person, especially if resident in one's nation.
    • c. 1395, John Wycliffe, John Purvey [et al.], transl., Bible (Wycliffite Bible (later version), MS Lich 10.)‎[1], published c. 1410, Joon 10:5, page 49v, column 1; republished as Wycliffe's translation of the New Testament, Lichfield: Bill Endres, 2010:
      But þei ſuen not an alien · but fleen from hym .· foꝛ þei han not knowen þe vois of aliens
      But they don't follow a stranger; they'll flee from them instead, because they don't recognise strangers' voices.
  2. One who is alien in some other way (e.g. religion, family)
  3. (rare) An unlawful occupier or possessor of land.
Related terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]
  • English: alien
  • Scots: alien, awlien
References[edit]

Adjective[edit]

alien (plural and weak singular aliene)

  1. Outside, alien, foreign; from or relating to another nation.
  2. Religiously outside; heretical, erring; of false religion or morals.
  3. Distant, isolated, secure, away (from something)
  4. (rare) Under the authority of other nation's religious institutions.
  5. (rare) Not relating to or of oneself; not natural (to one's body).
  6. (rare) Bizarre, weird, exotic.
Descendants[edit]
References[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old French alier.

Verb[edit]

alien

  1. Alternative form of allien

Old French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin aliēnus.

Adjective[edit]

alien m (oblique and nominative feminine singular aliene)

  1. alien; foreign; non-native
    • 11th century, La Vie de Saint Alexis, BNF manuscript 19525
      alienes terres
      foreign lands

Declension[edit]

Noun[edit]

alien m (oblique plural aliens, nominative singular aliens, nominative plural alien)

  1. alien (a non-native)

Declension[edit]

Descendants[edit]


Portuguese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From English alien (extraterrestrial life form), from Old French alien, aliene, from Latin aliēnus (foreign), from alius (other), from Proto-Indo-European *h₂élyos. Doublet of alheio.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

alien m (plural aliens)

  1. alien; extraterrestrial life form
    Synonyms: alienígena, ET, extraterrestre