alius

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Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Italic *aljos, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂élyos, from *h₂el- (beyond, other). Cognate with Ancient Greek ἄλλος (állos) (Modern Greek αλλιώς (alliós)), αἶλος (aîlos) (Arcadocypriot), Old Armenian այլ (ayl), Proto-Celtic *alyos, Proto-Germanic *aljaz. Other forms from Proto-Indo-European *h₂el- include Latin ille, uls.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

alius (feminine alia, neuter aliud); first/second-declension adjective (pronominal)

  1. other, another, any other
  2. else
  3. different

Usage notes[edit]

  • When used in pairs, alius...alius may function like English one...another.
  • When used in pairs, aliī...aliī may function like English some...others.
  • In an affirmative sentence, when alius is followed by an ablative, it conjointly means "other than" typically. In a negative sentence with an ablative, it would typically mean "nothing else but" or "nothing other than".
  • Alius can also mean "different" when the word is written twice with the second alius being in the ablative case, e.g. "alius aliō"

Declension[edit]

Irregular declension. Regular genitive singular, alīus, is rare, being normally supplied by alterīus, the genitive of alter, instead.[1]

First/second-declension adjective (pronominal).

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
Nominative alius alia aliud aliī aliae alia
Genitive alterīus aliōrum aliārum aliōrum
Dative aliī aliīs
Accusative alium aliam aliud aliōs aliās alia
Ablative aliō aliā aliō aliīs
Vocative alie alia aliud aliī aliae alia

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Asturian: ál
  • Portuguese: al
  • Old Spanish: ál

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • alius in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • alius in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • alius in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meißner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[2], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to put off till another time; to postpone: aliquid in aliud tempus, in posterum differre
    • concatenation, interdependence of causes: rerum causae aliae ex aliis nexae
    • (ambiguous) to be inattentive: alias res or aliud agere
    • to judge others by oneself: de se (ex se de aliis) coniecturam facere
    • (ambiguous) he is a young man of great promise: adulescens alios bene de se sperare iubet, bonam spem ostendit or alii de adulescente bene sperare possunt
    • to think one thing, say another; to conceal one's opinions: aliter sentire ac loqui (aliud sentire, aliud loqui)
    • (ambiguous) to be inattentive: alias res or aliud agere
    • (ambiguous) he is a young man of great promise: adulescens alios bene de se sperare iubet, bonam spem ostendit or alii de adulescente bene sperare possunt
    • (ambiguous) to turn the conversation to another topic: sermonem alio transferre
    • (ambiguous) to transfer the seat of war elsewhere: bellum transferre alio, in...
    • (ambiguous) more of this another time: sed de hoc alias pluribus
  • alius in Ramminger, Johann (accessed 16 July 2016) Neulateinische Wortliste: Ein Wörterbuch des Lateinischen von Petrarca bis 1700[3], pre-publication website, 2005-2016