alius

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Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *h₂élyos, from *h₂el- ‎(beyond, other). Cognates include Ancient Greek ἄλλος ‎(állos) (Modern Greek αλλιώς ‎(alliós)), αἶλος ‎(aîlos) (Arcadocypriot), Old Armenian այլ ‎(ayl), Proto-Celtic *alyos, Gothic 𐌰𐌻𐌾𐌹𐍃 ‎(aljis), Old Irish aile, Old English elles, English else, Breton eil, Welsh all-, Cornish yl, Gaulish allos (in La Graufesenque), Proto-Germanic *aljaz, Swedish eljest, Danish ellers, Norwegian ellers. Other forms from Proto-Indo-European *h₂el- include Latin ille and uls.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

alius m ‎(feminine alia, neuter aliud); first/second declension

  1. other, another
  2. else

Usage notes[edit]

  • When used in pairs, alius...alius may function like English one...another.
  • When used in pairs, aliī...aliī may function like English some...others.

Inflection[edit]

Irregular declension. Regular genitive singular, alīus, is rare, being normally supplied by alterīus, the genitive of alter, instead.[1]

Number Singular Plural
Case \ Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
nominative alius alia aliud aliī aliae alia
genitive alīus alīus alīus aliōrum aliārum aliōrum
dative aliī aliī aliī aliīs aliīs aliīs
accusative alium aliam aliud aliōs aliās alia
ablative aliō aliā aliō aliīs aliīs aliīs
vocative alie alia aliud aliī aliae alia

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • alius in Charlton T. Lewis & Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • alius in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • alius in Félix Gaffiot (1934), Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Paris: Hachette.
  • Meissner, Carl; Auden, Henry William (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[2], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to put off till another time; to postpone: aliquid in aliud tempus, in posterum differre
    • concatenation, interdependence of causes: rerum causae aliae ex aliis nexae
    • (ambiguous) to be inattentive: alias res or aliud agere
    • to judge others by oneself: de se (ex se de aliis) coniecturam facere
    • (ambiguous) he is a young man of great promise: adulescens alios bene de se sperare iubet, bonam spem ostendit or alii de adulescente bene sperare possunt
    • to think one thing, say another; to conceal one's opinions: aliter sentire ac loqui (aliud sentire, aliud loqui)
    • (ambiguous) to be inattentive: alias res or aliud agere
    • (ambiguous) he is a young man of great promise: adulescens alios bene de se sperare iubet, bonam spem ostendit or alii de adulescente bene sperare possunt
    • (ambiguous) to turn the conversation to another topic: sermonem alio transferre
    • (ambiguous) to transfer the seat of war elsewhere: bellum transferre alio, in...
    • (ambiguous) more of this another time: sed de hoc alias pluribus
  • alius in Ramminger, Johann (accessed 16 July 2016) Neulateinische Wortliste: Ein Wörterbuch des Lateinischen von Petrarca bis 1700[3], pre-publication website, 2005-2016