ἄλλος

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See also: άλλος

Ancient Greek[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Hellenic *áľľos, from Proto-Indo-European *ályos, *h₂élyos. Cognates include Latin alius, Old Irish aile, Old Armenian այլ ‎(ayl), and Old English elles (English else).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

ἄλλος ‎(állosm ‎(feminine ἄλλη, neuter ἄλλο); first/second declension

  1. other, another, different, else
    1. (with article) all others, all besides, the rest
    2. (with numerals) yet, still
    3. (in lists) as well, besides, too
    4. (equivalent to ἀλλοῖος ‎(alloîos)) of another sort than (with genitive)
  2. (in phrases)
    1. (in combination with τις) any other; anyone else, anything else
    2. (in the phrase, ἄλλος τε καὶ) especially, most of all
    3. (in the phrase, εἴ τις καὶ ἄλλος, εἴ τι καὶ ἄλλο) if anyone, whoever else; if anything, whatever else
      • 430 BCE – 354 BCE, Xenophon, Anabasis 1.5.1
        ἐν τούτῳ δὲ τῷ τόπῳ ἦν μὲν ἡ γῆ πεδίον ἅπαν ὁμαλὲς ὥσπερ θάλαττα, ἀψινθίου δὲ πλῆρες· εἰ δέ τι καὶ ἄλλο ἐνῆν ὕλης ἢ καλάμου, ἅπαντα ἦσαν εὐώδη ὥσπερ ἀρώματα.
        In this region the ground was all a plain, flat like the sea, and full of wormwood. And whatever other brush or reed was there, everything was fragrant like spices.

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • Beekes, Robert S. P. (2010) Etymological Dictionary of Greek (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 10), with the assistance of Lucien van Beek, Leiden, Boston: Brill