τις

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also: τίς and -τις

Ancient Greek[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *kʷis. Cognates include Latin quis and Hittite [script needed] (kuiš). Compare its interrogative form τίς (tís, who?).

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Pronoun[edit]

τῐς (tis) (with ἔγκλισις, moving back its accent)

  1. (indefinite, masculine/feminine) someone, anyone, a certain one
  2. (indefinite, in neuter) something, anything, a certain thing

Inflection[edit]

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Greek[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Byzantine Greek τὲς (tès) of the 11th century, through morphological levelling of the accusative and nominative plurals.

Article[edit]

τις (tisf pl

  1. (definite) accusative feminine plural of ο (o) (the)
Declension[edit]
Related terms[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

τις (tis) (weak personal pronoun)

  1. them (3rd person feminine plural, accusative; used before the verb)
Alternative forms[edit]
  • τες (tes) (used after the verb)
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Monotonic spelling of Ancient Greek τίς (tís), interrogative pronoun (masuline, feminine) and τί () (neuter), ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *kʷis. Compare to the indefinite pronoun τίς (tís, someone).

Pronoun[edit]

τις (tism (feminine τις, neuter τιinterrogative - Polytonic spelling: τίς, τί;

  1. (archaic, formal, mostly in set phrases) who? (what? / which person or people?)
    τις πταίει;tis ptaíei?who is at fault?
    τίς πταίει; (polytonic spelling)
    τις ει;tis ei?who are you?
    (τίς εἶ;) (military, recognition)
    τίνι τρόπω;tíni trópo?in what way?
    (τίνι τρόπῳ;)
    Τίνος είσαι συ;Tínos eísai sy?Whose are you? / Whose child are you?
    (stereotypical phrase associated with elderly Greeks in small villages and communities to those they don't recognise)

Usage notes[edit]

  • Of the ancient interrogative pronoun τίς (tís) the forms τίνος;, plural τίνων; and the neuter τι; are used in Standard Modern Greek as well. All other forms are archaic, used in quotations and set phrases.
Declension[edit]

As in the ancient inflection of τίς, here in monotonic spelling

Synonyms[edit]

Standard Modern Greek: