τις

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See also: τίς and -τις

Ancient Greek[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *kʷis. Cognates include Latin quis and Hittite [script needed] (kuiš). Compare its interrogative form τίς (tís, who?).

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Pronoun[edit]

τῐς (tis) (with ἔγκλισις, moving back its accent)

  1. (indefinite, masculine/feminine) someone, anyone, a certain one
  2. (indefinite, in neuter) something, anything, a certain thing

Inflection[edit]

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Greek[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Byzantine Greek τὲς (tès) of the 11th century, through morphological levelling of the accusative and nominative plurals.

Article[edit]

τις (tisf pl

  1. (definite) accusative feminine plural of ο (o) (the)
Declension[edit]
Related terms[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

τις (tis) (weak personal pronoun)

  1. them (3rd person feminine plural, accusative; used before the verb)
Alternative forms[edit]
  • τες (tes) (used after the verb)
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Monotonic spelling of Ancient Greek τίς (tís), interrogative pronoun (masuline, feminine) and τί () (neuter), ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *kʷis. Compare to the indefinite pronoun τίς (tís, someone).

Pronoun[edit]

τις (tism (feminine τις, neuter τιinterrogative (Polytonic spelling: τίς)

  1. (archaic, formal, mostly in set phrases) who? (what? / which person or people?)
    τις πταίει; (τίς πταίει; polytonic spelling)
    tis ptaíei?
    who is at fault?
    τις ει; (τίς εἶ; − military, recognition)
    tis ei?
    who are you?
    τίνι τρόπω; (τίνι τρόπῳ;)
    tíni trópo?
    in what way?
    Τίνος είσαι συ; (stereotypical phrase associated with elderly Greeks in small villages and communities to those they don't recognise)
    Tínos eísai sy?
    Whose [child] are you?

Usage notes[edit]

  • Of the ancient interrogative pronoun τίς (tís) the forms τίνος (tínos), plural τίνων (tínon) and the neuter τι (ti) are used in Standard Modern Greek as well. All other forms are archaic, used in quotations and set phrases.
Declension[edit]

As in the ancient inflection of τίς, here in monotonic spelling

Synonyms[edit]

Standard Modern Greek: