ὅστις

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Ancient Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From ὅς (hós, who, which, relative pronoun) +‎ τῐς (tis, someone, anyone, indefinite pronoun).

Pronunciation[edit]

 
  • (5th BCE Attic) IPA(key): /hós.tis/
  • (1st CE Egyptian) IPA(key): /ˈ(h)os.tis/
  • (4th CE Koine) IPA(key): /ˈos.tis/
  • (10th CE Byzantine) IPA(key): /ˈos.tis/
  • (15th CE Constantinopolitan) IPA(key): /ˈos.tis/
  • Pronoun[edit]

    ὅστῐς (hóstis)

    1. indefinite relative pronoun: whoever, whichever; anyone who, anything which; someone who, something which
    2. indirect interrogative pronoun corresponding to direct interrogative τίς (tís), τί (): who, what, which
      1. replaces τίς (tís), τί () when someone repeats a question asked by another person
        • 405 BCE, Aristophanes, The Frogs 197–198
          Χάρων   [] οὗτος τί ποιεῖς;
          Διόνυσος   ὅ τι ποιῶ;
          Khárōn   [] hoûtos tí poieîs?
          Diónusos   hó ti poiô?
          Charon: This man, what are you doing?
          Dionysus: What am I doing?

    Inflection[edit]

    See also[edit]

    Further reading[edit]