τίς

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Ancient Greek[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

 
  • (file)

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *kʷis. Cognates include Latin quis and Hittite [script needed] ‎(kuiš). Compare its indefinite form τις ‎(tis, anyone, anything).

In Attic, the labiovelar *kʷ- becomes τ- before the front vowel ι and by analogy also before ου, ῳ in the genitive and dative singular, but π- before the rounded back vowel ο in most of the related interrogatives listed below.

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

τῐ́ς ‎(tís)

  1. (interrogative)
    1. (substantive)
      1. (masculine, feminine) who?
      2. (neuter) what?
    2. (adjective) what? which? what kind?
  2. (adverbial, accusative, τί) why?

Usage notes[edit]

  • The neuter nominative/accusative τί ‎() is never elided, but a hiatus is allowed in Attic Greek.
  • The stem iota remains short in every declined form.

Inflection[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Greek: τι ‎(ti)

References[edit]

  • Beekes, Robert S. P. (2010) Etymological Dictionary of Greek (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 10), with the assistance of Lucien van Beek, Leiden, Boston: Brill

Etymology 2[edit]

See τις ‎(tis).

Pronoun[edit]

τίς ‎(tís)

  1. oxytone form of τις ‎(tis, someone, anyone)

Usage notes[edit]

Used before another enclitic:

  • 386 BCE – 367 BCE, Plato, Meno 70.b
    καὶ δὴ καὶ τοῦτο τὸ ἔθος [Γοργίας] ὑ̄μᾶς εἴθικεν, ἀφόβως τε καὶ μεγαλοπρεπῶς ἀποκρί̄νεσθαι ἐά̄ν τίς τι ἔρηται.
    And furthermore, [Gorgias] has also accustomed you to the habit of answering fearlessly and magnificently if someone asks you something.