ὅς

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Ancient Greek[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *yós, *yéh₂, *yód ‎(who, which), from one stem *yo-, thematic derivation of the anaphoric stem *i-, *ey-. Cognates include Sanskrit यद् ‎(yás, yā, yad), Avestan 𐬫𐬋 ‎(), and Phrygian ιος ‎(yos). See also οἷος ‎(hoîos), ὅσος ‎(hósos).

Pronoun[edit]

ὅς ‎(hósm,  f ‎(hḗ),  n ‎()

  1. (in Homeric Greek, often demonstrative pronoun) this
  2. (relative) who, which, that
Inflection[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

PIE word
*swé

Like ‎(, him), from Proto-Indo-European *swé ‎(reflexive pronoun). Cognate with Sanskrit स्व ‎(svá). See also ἑός ‎(heós).

Alternative forms[edit]

Adjective[edit]

ὅς ‎(hósm ‎(feminine , neuter ὅν); first/second declension (third person singular possessive adjective)

  1. (with noun) his, her, its
  2. (as substantive, sometimes with article) his, hers
    1. (in the plural) his or her people, friends, family; his possessions
Inflection[edit]

References[edit]