ὅς

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See also: -ος

Ancient Greek[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Etymology 1[edit]

PIE word
*éy

From Proto-Indo-European *yós, *yéh₂, *yód (who, which), from the relative stem *yo-, from the anaphoric stem *i-, *ey-. Cognates include Sanskrit यद् (yás, yā, yad), Avestan 𐬫𐬋 (), and Phrygian ιος (yos). See also οἷος (hoîos), ὅσος (hósos).

Pronoun[edit]

ὅς (hósm,  f (hḗ),  n ()

  1. (in Homeric Greek, often demonstrative pronoun) this
  2. (relative) who, which, that
Inflection[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
See also[edit]
References[edit]
  • ὅς, ἥ, ὅ in Liddell & Scott (1940) A Greek–English Lexicon, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • Smyth, Herbert Weir (1920), “Part II: Inflection”, in A Greek grammar for colleges, Cambridge: American Book Company, § 338: relative pronoun
  • William Bedell Stanford (1959) [1947]. "Introduction, Grammatical Introduction". Homer: Odyssey I-XII 1 (2nd ed.). Macmillan Education Ltd. p. lxiii, § 12.1 12.2.

Etymology 2[edit]

PIE word
*swé

Like (, him), from Proto-Indo-European *swé (reflexive pronoun). Cognate with Sanskrit स्व (svá). See also ἑός (heós).

Alternative forms[edit]

Adjective[edit]

ὅς (hósm (feminine , neuter ὅν); first/second declension (third person singular possessive adjective)

  1. (with noun) his, her, its
  2. (as substantive, sometimes with article) his, hers
    1. (in the plural) his or her people, friends, family; his possessions
Inflection[edit]
References[edit]
  • ὅς, ἥ, ὅν in Liddell & Scott (1940) A Greek–English Lexicon, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • William Bedell Stanford (1959) [1947]. "Introduction, Grammatical Introduction". Homer: Odyssey I-XII 1 (2nd ed.). Macmillan Education Ltd. p. lxiii, § 12.1.
  • Sihler, Andrew L. (1995) New Comparative Grammar of Greek and Latin, Oxford, New York: Oxford University Press, ISBN 0195083458