οὗ

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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Ancient Greek[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Etymology 1[edit]

PIE word
*swé

Accusative () apparently from Proto-Hellenic *hwe = ϝέ, from Proto-Indo-European *swé (reflexive pronoun).

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

οὗ (hoû)

  1. of him, her, it
    • 800 BCE – 600 BCE, Homer, Iliad 15.165:
      ... ἐπεί ἑό [or εὑ] φημι βίῃ πολὺ φέρτερος εἶναι
      καὶ γενεῇ πρότερος
      ... epeí heó [or heu] phēmi bíēi polù phérteros eînai
      kaì geneêi próteros
      For I avow to be far better than him in might,
      and the elder in birth.
Usage notes[edit]

For dual and plural forms, see σφωέ (sphōé) and σφεῖς (spheîs).

Inflection[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]
  • ὅς (hós), ἑός (heós, third singular possessive adjective)

Descendants[edit]

  • Tsakonian: νι, σι

References[edit]

  • οὗ, οἷ, ἕ in Liddell & Scott (1940) A Greek–English Lexicon, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • Smyth, Herbert Weir (1920), “Part II: Inflection”, in A Greek grammar for colleges, Cambridge: American Book Company, § 325
  • Carl Darling Buck, Introduction to the Study of the Greek Dialects, section 118
  • Beekes, Robert S. P. (2010) Etymological Dictionary of Greek (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 10), volume I, with the assistance of Lucien van Beek, Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 365

Etymology 2[edit]

See ὅς (hós).

Pronoun[edit]

οὗ (hoû)

  1. masculine genitive singular of ὅς (hós)
  2. neuter genitive singular of ὅς (hós)

Adverb[edit]

οὗ (hoû) (relative adverb)

  1. where, when
    • 525 BCE – 455 BCE, Aeschylus, Prometheus Bound 486:
      οὗ Σπερχειὸς ἄρδει πεδίον εὐμενεῖ ποτῷ
      hoû Sperkheiòs árdei pedíon eumeneî potôi
      where the Sphercheus waters the plain with kindly stream
See also[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

From ὅς (hós, his).

Adjective[edit]

οὗ (hoû)

  1. masculine genitive singular of ὅς (hós)
  2. neuter genitive singular of ὅς (hós)

Etymology 4[edit]

See the etymology of the main entry.

Verb[edit]

οὗ (hoû)

  1. second-person singular aorist middle imperative of ἵημι (híēmi)


References[edit]