σύ

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See also: 'σύ

Ancient Greek[edit]

second person pronoun (edit)
case singular dual plural
str. encl. str. str.
nominative σύ σφώ, σφῶϊ ῡ̔μεῖς
genitive σοῦ σου σφῷν ῡ̔μῶν
dative σοί σοι σφῷν ῡ̔μῖν
accusative σέ σε σφώ, σφῶϊ ῡ̔μᾶς
adjective σός ῡ̔μέτερος

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Hellenic *tú, from Proto-Indo-European *túh₂. Cognates include Sanskrit त्वम् (tvam), Latin , Persian تو(to) and Old English þū (English thou). The initial /s/ was spread to the nominative from oblique forms such as accusative σέ (), where /s/ is the regular development of Proto-Indo-European *tw-.

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Pronoun[edit]

σῠ́ ()

  1. second person singular personal pronoun: you (thou)

Inflection[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

  • σός (sós, second person singular possessive adjective)

Descendants[edit]

  • Greek: εσύ (esý)
  • Tsakonian: εκιού

References[edit]