σύ

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Ancient Greek[edit]

case second person
singular dual plural
str. encl. str. str.
nominative σύ σφώ, σφῶϊ ῡ̔μεῖς
genitive σοῦ σου σφῷν ῡ̔μῶν
dative σοί σοι σφῷν ῡ̔μῖν
accusative σέ σε σφώ, σφῶϊ ῡ̔μᾶς
adjective σός ῡ̔μέτερος

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *túh₂. Cognates include Sanskrit त्वम् ‎(tvam), Latin , Persian تو ‎(to) and Old English þū (English thou).

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Pronoun[edit]

σῠ́ ‎()

  1. second person singular personal pronoun: you (thou)

Usage notes[edit]

Dual and plural are σφώ ‎(sphṓ) and ῡ̔μεῖς ‎(hūmeîs)

Inflection[edit]

Related terms[edit]

  • σός ‎(sós, second person singular possessive adjective)

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • Smyth, Herbert Weir (1920), “Part II: Inflection”, in A Greek grammar for colleges, Cambridge: American Book Company, § 325
  • William W. Goodwin, A Greek Grammar. Revised and enlarged, Boston, 1900, p.82f.
  • Beekes, Robert S. P. (2010) Etymological Dictionary of Greek (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 10), with the assistance of Lucien van Beek, Leiden, Boston: Brill