σύ

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See also: 'σύ

Ancient Greek[edit]

case second person
singular dual plural
str. encl. str. str.
nominative σύ σφώ, σφῶϊ ῡ̔μεῖς
genitive σοῦ σου σφῷν ῡ̔μῶν
dative σοί σοι σφῷν ῡ̔μῖν
accusative σέ σε σφώ, σφῶϊ ῡ̔μᾶς
adjective σός ῡ̔μέτερος

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *túh₂. Cognates include Sanskrit त्वम् (tvam), Latin , Persian تو (to) and Old English þū (English thou).

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Pronoun[edit]

σῠ́ ()

  1. second person singular personal pronoun: you (thou)

Usage notes[edit]

Dual and plural are σφώ (sphṓ) and ῡ̔μεῖς (hūmeîs)

Inflection[edit]

Related terms[edit]

  • σός (sós, second person singular possessive adjective)

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • σύ in Liddell & Scott (1940) A Greek–English Lexicon, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • «σύ» in Bailly, Anatole (1935) Le Grand Bailly: Dictionnaire grec-français, Paris: Hachette
  • «σύ» in Cunliffe, Richard J. (1924) A Lexicon of the Homeric Dialect: Expanded Edition, Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, published 1963
  • G4771”, in Strong’s Exhaustive Concordance to the Bible, 1979
  • Woodhouse, S. C. (1910) English–Greek Dictionary: A Vocabulary of the Attic Language[1], London: Routledge & Kegan Paul Limited.
    • you idem, page 997.
  • Smyth, Herbert Weir (1920), “Part II: Inflection”, in A Greek grammar for colleges, Cambridge: American Book Company, § 325
  • William W. Goodwin, A Greek Grammar. Revised and enlarged, Boston, 1900, p.82f.
  • Beekes, Robert S. P. (2010) Etymological Dictionary of Greek (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 10), with the assistance of Lucien van Beek, Leiden, Boston: Brill