ὡς

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See also: ως and -ως

Ancient Greek[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Etymology 1[edit]

PIE word
*éy

From the relative pronoun ὅς(hós) +‎ -ως(-ōs, adverbial suffix)

Adverb[edit]

ὡς (hōs) (relative adverb)

  1. the introduction to similes
    1. like as, as, just as
    2. according as
  2. (with adverbial clauses)
    1. (parenthetically) to qualify a general statement; as it seems
    2. (in elliptical phrases) so far as....
    3. (attached to the object of a verb) as
  3. (to limit or augment the force of adverbs)

Conjunction[edit]

ὡς (hōs)

  1. (subordinating conjunction or complementizer, introducing dependent or subordinate clause)
  2. (with noun clauses) introducing a clause expressing a fact: that (with indicative or optative)
  3. (final) introducing a clause expressing an end or purpose: that, so that, in order that, so (with subjunctive or optative)
  4. (consequential) introducing a clause expressing a result: so that
  5. (causal) as, since, because
  6. (temporal) when
  7. (modal) how
  8. (local) where

Etymology 2[edit]

PIE word
*só

From the demonstrative pronoun (ho) +‎ -ως(-ōs, adverbial suffix).

Adverb[edit]

ὡς (hōs) (demonstrative adverb)

  1. in καὶ ὧς: even so, nevertheless
  2. in comparisons, ὥς(hṓs)... ὡς(hōs) or ὡς(hōs)... ὣς(hṑs): so... as...
  3. thus, for instance
Alternative forms[edit]

References[edit]

  • ὡς in Liddell & Scott (1940) A Greek–English Lexicon, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • ὡς in Liddell & Scott (1889) An Intermediate Greek–English Lexicon, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • ὡς in Autenrieth, Georg (1891) A Homeric Dictionary for Schools and Colleges, New York: Harper and Brothers
  • «ὡς» in Bailly, Anatole (1935) Le Grand Bailly: Dictionnaire grec-français, Paris: Hachette
  • «ὡς» in Cunliffe, Richard J. (1924) A Lexicon of the Homeric Dialect: Expanded Edition, Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, published 1963
  • ὡς in Slater, William J. (1969) Lexicon to Pindar, Berlin: Walter de Gruyter
  • G5613”, in Strong’s Exhaustive Concordance to the Bible, 1979
  • Woodhouse, S. C. (1910) English-Greek Dictionary: A Vocabulary of the Attic Language[1], London: Routledge & Kegan Paul Limited.