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See also: þus



  • enPR: thŭs, IPA(key): /ˈðʌs/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ʌs

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English thus, þus, from Old English þus (thus, in this way, as follows, in this manner, to this extent), from Proto-West Germanic *þus (so, thus), perhaps originally from a variant of the instrumental form of this, related to Old English þȳs (by this, with this), Old Saxon thius (by this, with this). Cognate with Scots thus (thus), North Frisian aldoz (thus), West Frisian dus (thus), Dutch dus (thus, so), Low German sus (thus, hence).


thus (not comparable) (now literary or formal)

  1. (manner) In this way or manner.
    If you throw the ball thus, as I’m showing you, you’ll have better luck hitting the target.
    • 1879, R[ichard] J[efferies], chapter 1, in The Amateur Poacher, London: Smith, Elder, & Co., [], →OCLC:
      But then I had the [massive] flintlock by me for protection. ¶ [] The linen-press and a chest on the top of it formed, however, a very good gun-carriage; and, thus mounted, aim could be taken out of the window at the old mare feeding in the meadow below by the brook, and a 'bead' could be drawn upon Molly, the dairymaid, kissing the fogger behind the hedge, [].
  2. (conjunctive) As a result.
    I have all the tools I need; thus, I will be able to fix the car without having to call a mechanic.
    • 1897 December (indicated as 1898), Winston Churchill, chapter VIII, in The Celebrity: An Episode, New York, N.Y.: The Macmillan Company; London: Macmillan & Co., Ltd., →OCLC:
      I corralled the judge, and we started off across the fields, in no very mild state of fear of that gentleman's wife, whose vigilance was seldom relaxed. And thus we came by a circuitous route to Mohair, the judge occupied by his own guilty thoughts, and I by others not less disturbing.
    • 1918, W[illiam] B[abington] Maxwell, chapter XXII, in The Mirror and the Lamp, Indianapolis, Ind.: The Bobbs-Merrill Company, →OCLC:
      Not unnaturally, “Auntie” took this communication in bad part. Thus outraged, she showed herself to be a bold as well as a furious virago.
    • 2013 July 20, “Welcome to the plastisphere”, in The Economist, volume 408, number 8845:
      [The researchers] noticed many of their pieces of [plastic marine] debris sported surface pits around two microns across. Such pits are about the size of a bacterial cell. Closer examination showed that some of these pits did, indeed, contain bacteria, and that in several cases these bacteria were dividing and thus, by the perverse arithmetic of biological terminology, multiplying.
Derived terms[edit]
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Etymology 2[edit]


thus (uncountable)

  1. Alternative form of thuris



Alternative forms[edit]


From Ancient Greek θύος (thúos, burnt offering, holocaust), from θύω (thúō).



thūs n (genitive thūris); third declension

  1. incense, frankincense
    • 86 CE – 103 CE, Martial, Epigrammata 13.4:
      Sērus ut aetheriae Germānicus imperet aulae
      utque diū terrīs, dā pia tūra Iovī.
      So that Germanicus might rule the heavenly palaces later
      and for a long time the earth, give pious incense to Jupiter.


Third-declension noun (neuter, imparisyllabic non-i-stem).

Case Singular Plural
Nominative thūs thūra
Genitive thūris thūrum
Dative thūrī thūribus
Accusative thūs thūra
Ablative thūre thūribus
Vocative thūs thūra



  • Middle Irish: túis

See also[edit]


  • thus”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • thus”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • thus in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • thus in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette

Middle English[edit]



  1. Alternative form of þus