From Middle English thus, thous, thos, from Old English þus (“thus, in this way, as follows, in this manner, to this extent”), from Proto-Germanic *þus (“so, thus”), perhaps originally from a variant of the instrumental form of this, related to Old English þȳs (“by this, with this”), Old Saxon thius (“by this, with this”). Cognate with Scots thus (“thus”), North Frisian aldoz (“thus”), West Frisian dus (“thus”), Dutch dus (“thus, so”), Low German sus (“thus, hence”).
thus (not comparable)
- (manner) In this way or manner.
- If you throw the ball thus, as I’m showing you, you’ll have better luck hitting the target.
- 1879, Richard Jefferies, The Amateur Poacher, chapter1:
- But then I had the [massive] flintlock by me for protection. ¶ […] The linen-press and a chest on the top of it formed, however, a very good gun-carriage; and, thus mounted, aim could be taken out of the window at the old mare feeding in the meadow below by the brook, and a 'bead' could be drawn upon Molly, the dairymaid, kissing the fogger behind the hedge, […].
- (conjunctive) As a result.
- I have all the tools I need; thus, I will be able to fix the car without having to call a mechanic.
1898, Winston Churchill, chapter 8, in The Celebrity:
- I corralled the judge, and we started off across the fields, in no very mild state of fear of that gentleman's wife, whose vigilance was seldom relaxed. And thus we came by a circuitous route to Mohair, the judge occupied by his own guilty thoughts, and I by others not less disturbing.
2013 July 20, “Welcome to the plastisphere”, in The Economist, volume 408, number 8845:
- [The researchers] noticed many of their pieces of [plastic marine] debris sported surface pits around two microns across. Such pits are about the size of a bacterial cell. Closer examination showed that some of these pits did, indeed, contain bacteria, and that in several cases these bacteria were dividing and thus, by the perverse arithmetic of biological terminology, multiplying.
- (as a result): as a result, as such, consequently, hence, so, therefore
- (in this way): as such, like so, like this, so, this way, thusly
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- Alternative spelling of
Third declension neuter.
- thus in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
- thus in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
- THUS in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
- Félix Gaffiot (1934), Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Paris: Hachette, s.v. “thus”.