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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
故-bw.png

Han character[edit]

(radical 66 +5, 9 strokes, cangjie input 十口人大 (JROK), four-corner 48640, composition)

  1. ancient, old
  2. reason, because

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 469, character 25
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 13161
  • Dae Jaweon: page 820, character 5
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1453, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+6545

Chinese[edit]

-
simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (故), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 見 (28)
Final: 模
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 古暮切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/kuoH/ /kuoH/ /koH/ /kuoH/ /kɔH/ /kuH/ /koH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ kuH › /*kˤa(ʔ)-s/ fact; reason
‹ kuH › /*kˤaʔ-s/ old (not new)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
4228 0 /*kaːs/

Definitions[edit]

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. late (deceased)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(go) (hangeul , revised go, McCune-Reischauer ko, Yale ko)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(cố, cớ)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.