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See also:
U+846B, 葫
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-846B

[U+846A]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+846C]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 140 +9, 15 strokes, cangjie input 廿十口月 (TJRB), four-corner 44627, composition)

  1. bottle-gourd

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1045, character 34
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 31443
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1507, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3244, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+846B

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
kaːls
kaːls
kɯ, *kas
kaː, *kʰaː
kaː
kaː
kaː
kaː, *kaːs, *ɡaːʔ
kaː
kaː
kaː, *kaːʔ, *kaːs
kaː, *kaːʔ
kaːʔ
kaːʔ
kaːʔ
kaːʔ
kaːʔ
kaːʔ
kaːs
kaːs
kaːɡs
kaːɡs
kaːɡs
kaːɡs
kaːɡs
kaːɡs
kʰaː
kʰaː
kʰaː
kʰaː
kʰaːʔ, *kʰaːs
qʰaː, *ɡaː
ɡaː
ɡaː
ɡaː
ɡaː
ɡaː
ɡaː
ɡaː
ɡaː
ɡaː
ɡaː
ɡaː
ɡaːʔ
ɡaːʔ
ɡaːʔ
ɡaːʔ, *ɡaːɡs
ɡaːʔ
ka
ka
ka
ka, *kas, *kʰa
ka
ka
ka
ka
ka, *ɡa
kas
kas
kas
ɡaːɡ

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • hô͘ - literary;
  • ô͘ - vernacular.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (33) (32)
Final () (23) (23)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () I I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɦuo/ /huo/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɦuo/ /huo/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɣo/ /xo/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɦɔ/ /hɔ/
Li
Rong
/ɣo/ /xo/
Wang
Li
/ɣu/ /xu/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɣuo/ /xuo/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ hu ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ɡ]ˤa/
English gourd

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 4244 4252
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*qʰaː/ /*ɡaː/

Definitions[edit]

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. gourd, bottle-gourd
  2. garlic

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
にんにく
Hyōgaiji
kun’yomi

Said to be from 忍辱.

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana にんにく, katakana ニンニク, rōmaji ninniku)

  1. garlic
Usage notes[edit]

As with many terms that name organisms, this term is often spelled in katakana, especially in biological contexts, as ニンニク.

Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
ひる
Hyōgaiji
kun’yomi

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana ひる, rōmaji hiru)

  1. allium

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. 2.0 2.1 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

Kikai[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(hiragana ふぃる, romaji firu)

Noun[edit]

(hiragana ふぃる, romaji firu)

  1. garlic

References[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(ho) (hangeul , revised ho, McCune-Reischauer ho, Yale ho)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Okinawan[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Attested in the 沖縄語典 (Okinawa Goten, “Okinawan Dictionary”) as ひる.[1]

Kanji[edit]

(hiragana ひる, romaji hiru)

Noun[edit]

(hiragana ひる, romaji hiru)

  1. garlic

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1896: 沖縄語典 (Okinawa Goten, “Okinawan Dictionary”). In Japanese. http://kindai.ndl.go.jp/info:ndljp/pid/992016/77

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(hồ)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Yoron[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(hiragana ぴる, romaji piru)

Noun[edit]

(hiragana ぴる, romaji piru)

  1. garlic

References[edit]