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U+849C, 蒜
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-849C

[U+849B]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+849D]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 140 +10, 16 strokes, cangjie input 廿一火火 (TMFF), four-corner 44991)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1048, character 22
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 31562
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1510, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3259, character 13
  • Unihan data for U+849C

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
Chinese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia zh

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*sloːns
*sloːns

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *sloːns): semantic  + phonetic (OC *sloːns).

Etymology[edit]

Matisoff considers this to be derived from Proto-Sino-Tibetan *swa-n(garlic), but more likely this may be a plant imported from the Western Regions in the QinHan era. The relatively late attestation and the earlier form of 卵蒜 (luǎnsuàn) attest to the latter theory.

Compare Sanskrit शुन(laśuna), Pali lasuṇa, lasuna. The Old Chinese reconstruction was revised to a *-or rhyme in the Baxter–Sagart system, akin to its homophone (“to calculate”). Hence compare Persian سیر(sir, garlic), Khotanese sārmā-(the plant Basella cordifolia or B. lucida or B. rubra), Hungarian sárma(Ornithogalum sp.), as well as (controversial) Proto-Altaic *sera(a kind of garlic) (Turkish sarımsak, Mongolian саримс(sarims)).

Either way this word is cognate with the second syllable of Burmese ကြက်သွန်(krakswan, onion), ကြက်သွန်ဖြူ(krakswanhpru, garlic).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • soàn - literary;
  • sǹg - vernacular.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (16)
Final () (62)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/suɑnH/
Pan
Wuyun
/sʷɑnH/
Shao
Rongfen
/suɑnH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/swanH/
Li
Rong
/suɑnH/
Wang
Li
/suɑnH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/suɑnH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
suàn
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
suàn
Middle
Chinese
‹ swanH ›
Old
Chinese
/*[s]ˤor-s/
English garlic

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 12133
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*sloːns/

Definitions[edit]

  1. garlic

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(san) (hangeul , revised san, McCune-Reischauer san, Yale san)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.