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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
算-bw.png

Etymology[edit]

In current form,  +  + . The 目 portion may have originally represented counting rods (or possibly an abacus, although the character is believed to predate its invention). Such rods were typically made from bamboo.

Han character[edit]

(radical 118 +8, 14 strokes, cangjie input 竹月山廿 (HBUT), four-corner 88446, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 888, character 3
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 26146
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1315, character 23
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 2981, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+7B97

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /suan⁵¹/
Harbin /suan⁵³/
Tianjin /suan⁵³/
Jinan /suã²¹/
Qingdao /suã⁴²/
Zhengzhou /suan³¹²/
Xi'an /suã⁴⁴/
Xining /suã²¹³/
Yinchuan /suan¹³/ ~術
/suan⁵³/ ~了
Lanzhou /suɛ̃n¹³/
Ürümqi /suan²¹³/
Wuhan /san³⁵/
Chengdu /suan¹³/
Guiyang /suan²¹³/
Kunming /suã̠²¹²/
Nanjing /suaŋ⁴⁴/
Hefei /sʊ̃⁵³/
Jin Taiyuan /suæ̃⁴⁵/
Pingyao /suɑŋ³⁵/
Hohhot /suæ̃⁵⁵/
Wu Shanghai /sø³⁵/
Suzhou /sø⁵¹³/
Hangzhou /sz̩ʷõ⁴⁴⁵/
Wenzhou /sø⁴²/
Hui Shexian /so³²⁴/
Tunxi /suːə⁴²/
Xiang Changsha /sõ⁵⁵/
Xiangtan /sɔn⁵⁵/
Gan Nanchang /sɵn⁴⁵/
Hakka Meixian /son⁵³/
Taoyuan /son⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /syn³³/
Nanning /ɬyn³³/
Hong Kong /syn³³/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /suan²¹/
/sŋ̍²¹/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /sɔuŋ²¹²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /sɔŋ³³/
Shantou (Min Nan) /suaŋ²¹³/
/sɯŋ²¹³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /suaŋ²³/
/tui³⁵/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (16)
Final:
Division: I

Openness: Closed
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/suɑnX/ /suɑnX/ /suɑnX/ /sʷɑnX/ /swanX/ /suɑnX/ /suɑnX/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
suàn ‹ swanH › /*[s]ˤorʔ-s/ calculate; tally

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
12137 3 /*sloːnʔ/
12140 3 /*sloːns/

Definitions[edit]

  1. count, calculate, figure
  2. to plan
  3. to count (be of significance; matter / be an example of something)

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. Counting, calculation

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(san) (hangeul , revised san, McCune-Reischauer san, Yale san)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Compounds[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(toán, toan)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.