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See also:
U+7B97, 算
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-7B97

[U+7B96]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+7B98]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
14 strokes

Han character[edit]

(radical 118, +8, 14 strokes, cangjie input 竹月山廿 (HBUT), four-corner 88446, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 888, character 3
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 26146
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1315, character 23
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 2981, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+7B97

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
variant forms
variant and 2nd round simp.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Small seal script
算-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ʔsloːnʔ
*ʔsloːnʔ
*sloːnʔ, *sloːns
*sloːnʔ
*sloːnʔ
*sʰroːns
*ʔsloːd

In current form, (bamboo) +  + .

The portion may have originally represented counting rods (or possibly an abacus, although the character is believed to predate its invention). Such rods were typically made from bamboo.

Etymology[edit]

It has been compared with Tibetan གཤོར (gshor, to count, to measure, to weigh) by Gong (1995). The Old Chinese coda was *-r, as preserved in Japanese 算盤 (そろばん) (soroban, abacus).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • sǹg/sùiⁿ - colloquial;
  • soàn - literary.
  • Wu

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /suan⁵¹/
    Harbin /suan⁵³/
    Tianjin /suan⁵³/
    Jinan /suã²¹/
    Qingdao /suã⁴²/
    Zhengzhou /suan³¹²/
    Xi'an /suã⁴⁴/
    Xining /suã²¹³/
    Yinchuan /suan¹³/ ~術
    /suan⁵³/ ~了
    Lanzhou /suɛ̃n¹³/
    Ürümqi /suan²¹³/
    Wuhan /san³⁵/
    Chengdu /suan¹³/
    Guiyang /suan²¹³/
    Kunming /suã̠²¹²/
    Nanjing /suaŋ⁴⁴/
    Hefei /sʊ̃⁵³/
    Jin Taiyuan /suæ̃⁴⁵/
    Pingyao /suɑŋ³⁵/
    Hohhot /suæ̃⁵⁵/
    Wu Shanghai /sø³⁵/
    Suzhou /sø⁵¹³/
    Hangzhou /sz̩ʷõ⁴⁴⁵/
    Wenzhou /sø⁴²/
    Hui Shexian /so³²⁴/
    Tunxi /suːə⁴²/
    Xiang Changsha /sõ⁵⁵/
    Xiangtan /sɔn⁵⁵/
    Gan Nanchang /sɵn⁴⁵/
    Hakka Meixian /son⁵³/
    Taoyuan /son⁵⁵/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /syn³³/
    Nanning /ɬyn³³/
    Hong Kong /syn³³/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /suan²¹/
    /sŋ̍²¹/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /sɔuŋ²¹²/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /sɔŋ³³/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /suaŋ²¹³/
    /sɯŋ²¹³/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /suaŋ²³/
    /tui³⁵/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (16)
    Final () (62)
    Tone (調) Rising (X)
    Openness (開合) Closed
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /suɑnX/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /sʷɑnX/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /suɑnX/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /swanX/
    Li
    Rong
    /suɑnX/
    Wang
    Li
    /suɑnX/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /suɑnX/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    suǎn
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    suàn
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ swanH ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[s]ˤorʔ-s/
    English calculate; tally

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2
    No. 12137 12140
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    3 3
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*sloːnʔ/ /*sloːns/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. to count; to calculate; to figure
    2. to plan; to arrange; to design
    3. to guess; to estimate; to approximate
    4. to regard as; to consider
    5. to count; to be of significance
    6. to let it pass; to give up
    7. finally; eventually

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. Counting, calculation

    Readings[edit]


    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (san) (hangeul , revised san, McCune–Reischauer san, Yale san)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Compounds[edit]


    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (toán, toan)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.