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U+7B97, 算
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-7B97

[U+7B96]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+7B98]
See also:

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
14 strokes

Han character[edit]

(radical 118 +8, 14 strokes, cangjie input 竹月山廿 (HBUT), four-corner 88446, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 888, character 3
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 26146
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1315, character 23
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 2981, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+7B97

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
alt. forms

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Small seal script
算-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ʔsloːnʔ
*ʔsloːnʔ
*sloːnʔ, *sloːns
*sloːnʔ
*sloːnʔ
*sʰroːns
*ʔsloːd

In current form, (bamboo) +  + .

The portion may have originally represented counting rods (or possibly an abacus, although the character is believed to predate its invention). Such rods were typically made from bamboo.

Etymology[edit]

It has been compared with Tibetan གཤོར (gshor, to count, to measure, to weigh) by Gong (1995). The Old Chinese coda was *-r, as preserved in Japanese 算盤 (そろばん) (soroban, abacus).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • sǹg/sùiⁿ - colloquial;
  • soàn - literary.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /suan⁵¹/
Harbin /suan⁵³/
Tianjin /suan⁵³/
Jinan /suã²¹/
Qingdao /suã⁴²/
Zhengzhou /suan³¹²/
Xi'an /suã⁴⁴/
Xining /suã²¹³/
Yinchuan /suan¹³/ ~術
/suan⁵³/ ~了
Lanzhou /suɛ̃n¹³/
Ürümqi /suan²¹³/
Wuhan /san³⁵/
Chengdu /suan¹³/
Guiyang /suan²¹³/
Kunming /suã̠²¹²/
Nanjing /suaŋ⁴⁴/
Hefei /sʊ̃⁵³/
Jin Taiyuan /suæ̃⁴⁵/
Pingyao /suɑŋ³⁵/
Hohhot /suæ̃⁵⁵/
Wu Shanghai /sø³⁵/
Suzhou /sø⁵¹³/
Hangzhou /sz̩ʷõ⁴⁴⁵/
Wenzhou /sø⁴²/
Hui Shexian /so³²⁴/
Tunxi /suːə⁴²/
Xiang Changsha /sõ⁵⁵/
Xiangtan /sɔn⁵⁵/
Gan Nanchang /sɵn⁴⁵/
Hakka Meixian /son⁵³/
Taoyuan /son⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /syn³³/
Nanning /ɬyn³³/
Hong Kong /syn³³/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /suan²¹/
/sŋ̍²¹/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /sɔuŋ²¹²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /sɔŋ³³/
Shantou (Min Nan) /suaŋ²¹³/
/sɯŋ²¹³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /suaŋ²³/
/tui³⁵/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (16)
Final () (62)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/suɑnX/
Pan
Wuyun
/sʷɑnX/
Shao
Rongfen
/suɑnX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/swanX/
Li
Rong
/suɑnX/
Wang
Li
/suɑnX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/suɑnX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
suǎn
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
suàn
Middle
Chinese
‹ swanH ›
Old
Chinese
/*[s]ˤorʔ-s/
English calculate; tally

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 12137 12140
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3 3
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*sloːnʔ/ /*sloːns/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to count; to calculate; to figure
  2. to plan; to arrange; to design
  3. to guess; to estimate; to approximate
  4. to regard as; to consider
  5. to count; to be of significance
  6. to let it pass; to give up
  7. finally; eventually

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. Counting, calculation

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(san) (hangeul , revised san, McCune-Reischauer san, Yale san)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Compounds[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(toán, toan)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.