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See also: , , , , , and
U+76EE, 目
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-76EE

[U+76ED]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+76EF]
U+2F6C, ⽬
KANGXI RADICAL EYE

[U+2F6B]
Kangxi Radicals
[U+2F6D]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
5 strokes
Stroke order
目-order.gif

Han character[edit]

(radical 109, +0, 5 strokes, cangjie input 月山 (BU), four-corner 60101, composition𠄠)

  1. Kangxi radical #109, .

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 798, character 25
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 23105
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1213, character 21
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 4, page 2467, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+76EE

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
alternative forms 𥃦
𡇡
𥆤
⿵𦉪山

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Qin slip script Ancient script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
目-oracle.svg 目-bronze.svg 目-slip.svg 目-ancient.svg 目-seal.svg 目-bigseal.svg

Pictogram (象形) – human eye, now rotated 90 degrees. Compare the Egyptian hieroglyph 𓁹.

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *s-mjak ~ s-mik. Cognate with Tibetan མིག (mig, eye), Burmese မျက် (myak, eye, face).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • mĕk/mĕ̤k - colloquial;
  • mŭk - literary.
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • ba̍k - colloquial;
    • bo̍k - literary.
  • Wu
  • Xiang

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /mu⁵¹/
    Harbin /mu⁵³/
    Tianjin /mu⁵³/
    Jinan /mu²¹/
    Qingdao /mu⁴²/
    Zhengzhou /mu²⁴/
    Xi'an /mu²¹/
    Xining /mv̩⁴⁴/
    Yinchuan /mu¹³/
    Lanzhou /mu¹³/
    Ürümqi /mu²¹³/
    Wuhan /mu³⁵/
    /moŋ³⁵/
    Chengdu /mu³¹/
    Guiyang /mu²¹/
    Kunming /mu³¹/
    Nanjing /muʔ⁵/
    Hefei /məʔ⁵/
    Jin Taiyuan /məʔ²/
    Pingyao /mʌʔ⁵³/
    Hohhot /məʔ⁴³/ ~的
    /mu⁵⁵/ 眼~
    Wu Shanghai /moʔ¹/
    Suzhou /moʔ³/
    Hangzhou /moʔ²/
    Wenzhou /mu²¹³/
    Hui Shexian /mɔ²²/
    Tunxi /mo¹¹/
    Xiang Changsha /mo²⁴/
    Xiangtan /mo²⁴/
    Gan Nanchang /muʔ⁵/
    Hakka Meixian /muk̚¹/
    Taoyuan /muk̚²²/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /mok̚²/
    Nanning /muk̚²²/
    Hong Kong /muk̚²/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /bɔk̚⁵/
    /bak̚⁵/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /møyʔ⁵/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /mu⁴²/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /mak̚⁵/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /mok̚³/
    /mak̚³/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (4)
    Final () (4)
    Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /mɨuk̚/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /miuk̚/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /miuk̚/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /muwk̚/
    Li
    Rong
    /miuk̚/
    Wang
    Li
    /mĭuk̚/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /mi̯uk̚/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    muk6
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ mjuwk ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*C.m(r)[u]k/
    English eye

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 9333
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*muɡ/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. (literary or Min) eye (Classifier: mn-t)
      See also:
        ―  ěr  ―  ears and eyes; spies
      [Hokkien]  ―  ba̍k-chiu [Pe̍h-ōe-jī]  ―  eye
    2. eyesight
    3. to look; to view; to see
    4. to wink at
    5. to judge; to comment on
    6. opinion; viewpoint
    7. to view as; to regard
    8. hole; eyelet
    9. item; entry
      /   ―  zhàng  ―  entry
    10. title; headline
    11. section
    12. list; catalogue; table of contents
      /   ―    ―  catalogue
    13. name
    14. target; goal
      /   ―  biāo  ―  target
        ―    ―  target, goal
    15. chief; head; leader
    16. (taxonomy) order
    17. (Classical Chinese) to call; to address (of people's names and titles)
      Synonym: 稱呼称呼 (chēnghū)

    Synonyms[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    Descendants[edit]

    Sino-Xenic ():
    • Japanese: (もく) (moku)
    • Korean: (, mok)
    • Vietnamese: mục ()

    References[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    Readings[edit]

    Etymology 1[edit]

    Kanji in this term

    Grade: 1
    kun’yomi
    For pronunciation and definitions of – see the following entry.
    H
    [noun] [from 712] , : eye
    [noun] [from 759] : visually prominent feature of something:
    [noun] [from 759] : Short for 賽の目 (sai no me, dice pip).
    [noun] [from late 900s] : experience
    [suffix] [from early 1400s] : -st, -nd, -rd, or -th, for ordinal numbers (e.g. 8th or eighth, 9th or ninth)
    [suffix] [from late 1800s] : visually prominent feature of something
    Alternative spellings
    ,
    (This term, , is an alternative spelling of the above term.)

    Etymology 2[edit]

    Kanji in this term

    Grade: 1
    kun’yomi
    For pronunciation and definitions of – see the following entry.
    H
    [noun] : prefixal bound form of (me, eye)
    (This term, , is an alternative spelling of the above term.)


    Etymology 3[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    もく
    Grade: 1
    goon

    From Middle Chinese (MC mɨuk̚). The 呉音 (goon, literally Wu sound) reading, so likely the initial borrowing from Middle Chinese.

    Compare modern Cantonese (muk6) and Wu (moq).

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (もく) (moku

    1. (taxonomy) an order in biology: smaller than a class, bigger than a family
    2. a playing piece in a board game, such as a stone in the game of go
    3. a point in the game of go
    Derived terms[edit]

    Verb[edit]

    (もく)する (moku surusuru (stem (もく) (moku shi), past (もく)した (moku shita))

    1. to regard, to look upon
    2. (uncommon) to see, to look
    Conjugation[edit]

    Etymology 4[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    ぼく
    Grade: 1
    kan’on

    From Middle Chinese (MC mɨuk̚). The 漢音 (kan'on, literally Han sound) reading, so likely a later borrowing from Middle Chinese.

    Compare modern Min Nan (bo̍k).

    Only used in compounds.

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Affix[edit]

    (ぼく) (boku

    1. eye
    2. look, appearance
    Derived terms[edit]

    References[edit]

    1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

    Korean[edit]

    Etymology[edit]

    From Middle Chinese (MC mɨuk̚).

    Historical Readings
    Dongguk Jeongun Reading
    Dongguk Jeongun, 1448 목〮 (Yale: mwók)
    Middle Korean
    Text Eumhun
    Gloss (hun) Reading
    Hunmong Jahoe, 1527[2] 눈〮 (Yale: nwún) 목〮 (Yale: mwók)

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

    Wikisource

    (eumhun (nun mok))

    1. Hanja form? of (eye). [affix]
    2. Hanja form? of ((taxonomy) class). [noun]

    Compounds[edit]

    References[edit]

    • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [3]

    Northern Amami-Oshima[edit]

    Etymology[edit]

    Cognate with mainland Japanese (me, eye).

    Kanji[edit]

    (hiragana むぃー, romaji )

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana むぃー, romaji )

    1. eye
    2. sight

    Okinawan[edit]

    Etymology[edit]

    Cognate with mainland Japanese (me, eye).

    Kanji[edit]

    (hiragana みー, romaji )

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana みー, romaji )

    1. eye
    2. sight

    Derived terms[edit]


    Southern Amami-Oshima[edit]

    Etymology[edit]

    Cognate with mainland Japanese (me, eye).

    Kanji[edit]

    (hiragana むぃー, romaji )

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana むぃー, romaji )

    1. eye
    2. sight

    Derived terms[edit]


    Toku-No-Shima[edit]

    Etymology[edit]

    Cognate with mainland Japanese (me, eye).

    Kanji[edit]

    (hiragana むぃー, romaji )

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana むぃー, romaji )

    1. eye
    2. sight

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Alternative forms[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    : Hán Việt readings: mục ((mạc)(lục)(thiết))[2][3][1][4]
    : Nôm readings: mục[2][1][4][5], mụt[6][1]

    1. Hán tự form of mục (item).

    Compounds[edit]

    References[edit]