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U+76EE, 目
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-76EE

[U+76ED]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+76EF]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
目-order.gif

Han character[edit]

(radical 109 +0, 5 strokes, cangjie input 月山 (BU), four-corner 60101)

  1. Kangxi radical #109, .

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 798, character 25
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 23105
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1213, character 21
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2467, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+76EE

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
alt. forms 𥃦
𡇡
𥆤

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Qin slip script Ancient script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
目-oracle.svg 目-bronze.svg 目-slip.svg 目-ancient.svg 目-seal.svg 目-bigseal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*mroːɡ
*moːd, *muɡ
*muɡ

Pictogram (象形) – human eye, now rotated 90 degrees. Compare the Egyptian hieroglyph 𓁹.

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *s-mjak ~ s-mik. Cognate with Tibetan མིག (mig, eye), Burmese မျက် (myak, eye, face).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • mĕk/mĕ̤k - colloquial;
  • mŭk - literary.
Note:
  • ba̍k - colloquial;
  • bo̍k - literary.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /mu⁵¹/
Harbin /mu⁵³/
Tianjin /mu⁵³/
Jinan /mu²¹/
Qingdao /mu⁴²/
Zhengzhou /mu²⁴/
Xi'an /mu²¹/
Xining /mv̩⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /mu¹³/
Lanzhou /mu¹³/
Ürümqi /mu²¹³/
Wuhan /mu³⁵/
/moŋ³⁵/
Chengdu /mu³¹/
Guiyang /mu²¹/
Kunming /mu³¹/
Nanjing /muʔ⁵/
Hefei /məʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /məʔ²/
Pingyao /mʌʔ⁵³/
Hohhot /məʔ⁴³/ ~的
/mu⁵⁵/ 眼~
Wu Shanghai /moʔ¹/
Suzhou /moʔ³/
Hangzhou /moʔ²/
Wenzhou /mu²¹³/
Hui Shexian /mɔ²²/
Tunxi /mo¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /mo²⁴/
Xiangtan /mo²⁴/
Gan Nanchang /muʔ⁵/
Hakka Meixian /muk̚¹/
Taoyuan /muk̚²²/
Cantonese Guangzhou /mok̚²/
Nanning /muk̚²²/
Hong Kong /muk̚²/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /bɔk̚⁵/
/bak̚⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /møyʔ⁵/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /mu⁴²/
Shantou (Min Nan) /mak̚⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /mok̚³/
/mak̚³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (4)
Final () (4)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/mɨuk̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/miuk̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/miuk̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/muwk̚/
Li
Rong
/miuk̚/
Wang
Li
/mĭuk̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/mi̯uk̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ mjuwk ›
Old
Chinese
/*C.m(r)[u]k/
English eye

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 9333
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*muɡ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. (literary or Min) eye
      ―  ěr  ―  ears and eyes; spies
  2. eyesight
  3. to look; to view; to see
  4. to wink at
  5. to judge; to comment on
  6. opinion; viewpoint
  7. to view as; to regard
  8. hole; eyelet
  9. item; entry
  10. title; headline
  11. section
  12. list; catalogue; table of contents
  13. name
  14. target; goal
    • /   ―  biāo  ―  target
    •   ―    ―  target, goal
  15. chief; head; leader
  16. (taxonomy) order

Synonyms[edit]

  • (eye):
Dialectal synonyms of 眼睛 (“eye”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Classical Chinese
Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 眼睛
Mandarin Beijing 眼睛
Taiwan 眼睛
Harbin 眼睛
Shenyang 眼睛
Hailar 眼睛
Ulan Hot 眼睛
Tongliao 眼睛
Chifeng 眼睛眼珠子
Bayanhot 眼睛
Jinan
Muping
Luoyang
Jiedian 眼窩
Xi'an 眼睛眼窩 suburbs
Xining 眼睛眼窩
Xuzhou 眼睛
Yinchuan 眼睛
Lanzhou
Ürümqi 眼睛
Wuhan 眼睛
Chengdu 眼睛
Guiyang 眼睛
Guilin 眼睛
Liuzhou 眼睛
Kunming 眼睛
Yangzhou 眼睛
Nanjing 眼睛
Hefei
Cantonese Guangzhou
Hong Kong
Foshan
Zhongshan
Dongguan
Hong Kong (Weitou)
Taishan
Yangjiang
Xinyi
Nanning
Wuzhou
Yulin
Hepu
Kuala Lumpur
Gan Nanchang 眼睛
Lichuan 眼睛
Pingxiang 眼珠
Hakka Meixian 眼珠目珠
Xingning 眼珠
Huidong 眼珠
Qujiang 眼珠
Xiaosanjiang
Luchuan 眼睛
Changting 目珠
Pingyu 眼珠目珠
Wuping 目珠
Liancheng 目珠
Ninghua 眼珠
Yudu 眼睛
Ruijin 眼珠
Shicheng 眼睛
Shangyou 眼珠
Miaoli (N. Sixian) 目珠
Liudui (S. Sixian) 目珠眼珠
Hsinchu (Hailu) 目珠
Dongshi (Dabu) 目珠
Zhuolan (Raoping) 目珠
Yunlin (Zhao'an) 目珠
Hong Kong
Sabah 眼珠仁
Senai
Singkawang 目珠
Huizhou Jixi 眼睛眼烏珠眼烏珠子
Jin Taiyuan 眼睛
Xinzhou
Baochang 眼睛
Jining 眼窩
Hohhot 眼窩
Baotou 眼窩
Dongsheng 眼窩
Linhe 眼窩
Haibowan 眼窩
Min Bei Jian'ou 目睭
Min Dong Fuzhou 目睭
Fuqing 目睭
Matsu 目睭
Min Nan Xiamen 目睭
Quanzhou 目睭
Zhangzhou 目睭
Taipei 目睭目睭仁
Kaohsiung 目睭目睭仁
Tainan 目睭目睭仁
Taichung 目睭
Wuqi 目睭
Hsinchu 目睭
Taitung 目睭
Lukang 目睭目睭仁
Sanxia 目睭仁
Yilan 目睭目睭仁
Kinmen 目睭
Magong 目睭
Penang 目睭
Singapore 目睭
Philippines (Manila) 目睭
Pingnan 目睭
Chaozhou
Shantou
Johor Bahru
Haikou
Leizhou
Puxian Min Putian 目睭
Xianyou 目睭
Pinghua Nanning 眼睛
Guilin 眼睛
Wu Shanghai 眼睛
Suzhou 眼睛眼烏珠
Hangzhou 眼睛
Wenzhou 眼烏珠眼靈珠眼兒珠
Chongming 眼睛眼烏珠
Danyang 眼睛
Jinhua 眼睛
Ningbo 眼睛
Xiang Changsha 眼睛
Shuangfeng 眼珠
Loudi 眼珠
Quanzhou 眼睛

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 1
kun’yomi

From Old Japanese.[1] Older, unbound form of (me2). Cognate with 見る (miru, to see). Never found in isolation in modern Japanese. Remains as the first syllable of various compounds.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana , rōmaji ma)

  1. eye
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 1
kun’yomi

⟨me2 → *[məj]/me/, [me]

From Old Japanese.[1] Shift from ma above, formed through fusion of (ma, unbound form) +‎ (i, emphatic nominal particle). Now the modern Japanese term for eye.

May also be cognate with (me, bud, shoot),[1] perhaps from the “visually prominent feature” sense.

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana , rōmaji me)

  1. an eye
     ()がかゆいです。
    Me ga kayui desu.
    My eyes feel itchy.
  2. visually prominent feature of something:
    1. Short for 賽の目 (sai no me, dice pip).
      • 2015 January 10, “あくのサイコロ [Demon’s Die]”, in 決闘者の栄光 -記憶の断片- side:武藤遊戯 [Duelist Road -Piece of Memory- side: Mutō Yūgi] (in Japanese), Konami:
        ①:サイコロを1 (かい) ()る。 (あい) ()フィールドのモンスターの (こう) (げき) (りょく) (しゅ) () (りょく)は、ターン (しゅう) (りょう) ()まで () () (かず)×100ダウンする。
        ①: Saikoro o ikkai furu. Jibun fīrudo no monsutā no kōgekiryoku shubiryoku wa, tān shūryōji made deta me no kazu × hyaku appu suru.
        Ichi: Roll a die once. Until the end of this turn, the attack and defense strength of the monsters on your opponent’s field decreases by the result [number of pips] × 100.
    2. experience
      Synonyms: 体験
       (いた) () ()
      itai me ni au
      to go through something terrible
       (ひど) () ()
      hidoi me ni au
      to meet a terrible fate
      大変 (たいへん) () ()
      taihen na me ni au
      (please add an English translation of this example)
Derived terms[edit]

Suffix[edit]

(hiragana , rōmaji -me)

  1. -st, -nd, -rd, or -th, for ordinal numbers (e.g. 8th or eighth, 9th or ninth)
     (さん) (ぼん) ()のボトル
    sanbon-me no botoru
    third bottle
  2. visually prominent feature of something
     (むす) () () () () ()
    musubime, amime, kikime
    knot (literally, “tying + [visual feature]”), stitch (literally, “knitting + [visual feature]”), effect or efficacy (literally, “working, having an effect + [visual feature]”)

Etymology 3[edit]

Kanji in this term
もく
Grade: 1
on’yomi

From Middle Chinese . Go'on, so likely an older borrowed reading. Compare modern Cantonese reading muk6, or modern Wu /mʊʔ¹²/.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana もく, rōmaji moku)

  1. (taxonomy) an order in biology: smaller than a class, bigger than a family
  2. a playing piece in a board game, a stone in the game of go
  3. a point in the game of go
Derived terms[edit]

Verb[edit]

する (hiragana もくする, rōmaji moku suru)

  1. to regard, to look upon
  2. to see, to look (uncommon)
Conjugation[edit]

Etymology 4[edit]

Kanji in this term
ぼく
Grade: 1
on’yomi

From Middle Chinese . Kan'on, so likely a later borrowed reading. Compare modern Min Nan reading bo̍k.

Only used in compounds.

Pronunciation[edit]

Affix[edit]

(hiragana ぼく, rōmaji boku)

  1. an eye
  2. a look or appearance
Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  3. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(mok)

  • Eumhun:
    • Sound (hangeul): (McCune-Reischauer: mok, Yale: mok)
    • Name (hangeul): (revised: nun, McCune-Reischauer: nun)
  1. eye
  2. look, see
  3. division, topic

References[edit]

  1. endic.naver.com
  2. hanjadic.bravender.net

Northern Amami-Oshima[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Cognate with mainland Japanese (me, eye).

Kanji[edit]

(hiragana むぃー, romaji )

Noun[edit]

(hiragana むぃー, romaji )

  1. eye
  2. sight

Okinawan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Cognate with mainland Japanese (me, eye).

Kanji[edit]

(hiragana みー, romaji )

Noun[edit]

(hiragana みー, romaji )

  1. eye
  2. sight

Derived terms[edit]


Southern Amami-Oshima[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Cognate with mainland Japanese (me, eye).

Kanji[edit]

(hiragana むぃー, romaji )

Noun[edit]

(hiragana むぃー, romaji )

  1. eye
  2. sight

Derived terms[edit]


Toku-No-Shima[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Cognate with mainland Japanese (me, eye).

Kanji[edit]

(hiragana むぃー, romaji )

Noun[edit]

(hiragana むぃー, romaji )

  1. eye
  2. sight

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(mục, mụt, vĩnh)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.