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U+5177, 具
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5177

[U+5176]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5178]
具 U+2F811, 具
CJK COMPATIBILITY IDEOGRAPH-2F811
兤
[U+2F810]
CJK Compatibility Ideographs Supplement 𠔜
[U+2F812]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
8 strokes
Japanese
Simplified
Traditional

Alternative forms[edit]

Form differs between China and Japan – in China the top component is connected with the long horizontal line, while Japan they are separate.

The same difference occurs in the characters and , which are unrelated etymologically but graphically similar in their current forms.

Han character[edit]

(radical 12, +6, 8 strokes, cangjie input 月一一金 (BMMC), four-corner 60801, composition (J) or ⿱⿻ (GTKV))

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 128, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 1473
  • Dae Jaweon: page 286, character 11
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 246, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+5177

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
variant forms ⿵冂大 (second-round simplified)

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
具-oracle.svg 具-bronze.svg 具-seal.svg 具-bigseal.svg




References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (Liushutong characters) and
  • Yinxu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ko, *ɡos
*koʔ
*ɡos
*ɡos
*ɡos

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  (shell, money) +  (two hands).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • khî - vernacular;
  • khí - literary.
  • Min Dong
  • Min Nan
  • Note: khū - vernacular.

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (30)
    Final () (24)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Closed
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ɡɨoH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ɡioH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ɡioH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /guə̆H/
    Li
    Rong
    /ɡioH/
    Wang
    Li
    /ɡĭuH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /gi̯uH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ gjuH ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[ɡ](r)o-s/
    English arrange, provide

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 7133
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ɡos/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. tool; implement
        ―  jiā  ―  furniture
        ―  wén  ―  stationery
        ―  wán  ―  toy
        ―  gōng  ―  tool; instrument; implement
        ―    ―  utensil; implement; tool; ware; instrument
    2. to possess; to have
      /   ―  bèi  ―  to possess; to be equipped with
      一格 / 一格  ―  biéyīgé  ―  have a style of one's own
    3. (literary) to provide; to furnish
    4. (literary) ability; talent
    5. (literary) to state; to report; to list
    6. Alternative form of (, “all; every”).
    7. feast
    8. in full detail
    9. Classifier for coffins, corpses, and certain instruments.

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    Readings[edit]

    Counter[edit]

    (hiragana , rōmaji -gu)

    1. sets (armor, furniture)

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana , rōmaji gu)

    1. tool
    2. means
    3. (cooking) secondary ingredient, such as spices, seasonings, and sauces
    4. base

    Derived terms[edit]

    Suffix[edit]

    (hiragana , rōmaji -gu)

    1. tool, ingredient

    Compounds[edit]

    Related terms[edit]


    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (gu)

    • Eumhun:
      • Sound (hangeul): (McCune–Reischauer: ku)
      • Name (hangeul): 갖출 (revised: gatchuda, McCune–Reischauer: katch'uda, Yale: kacchwuta)
    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (cụ, cỗ, gỗ)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.