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U+AD6C, 구
HANGUL SYLLABLE GU
Composition: +
Dubeolsik input:r-n

[U+AD6B]
Hangul Syllables
[U+AD6D]
See also: -구- and -구

(see above for verbal suffixes)

See also:


굿

교 ←→ 궈

Korean[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Sino-Korean word from (nine).

Pronunciation[edit]

Romanizations
Revised Romanization?gu
Revised Romanization (translit.)?gu
McCune–Reischauer?ku
Yale Romanization?kwu

Numeral[edit]

Korean numbers (edit)
90
 ←  8 9 10  → 
    Native isol.: 아홉 (ahop)
    Native attr.: 아홉 (ahop)
    Sino-Korean: (gu)
    Hanja:
    Ordinal: 아홉째 (ahopjjae)

(gu) (hanja )

  1. (Sino-Korean numeral) nine
Usage notes[edit]

In modern Korean, numbers are usually written in Arabic numerals.

The Korean language has two sets of numerals: a native set of numerals inherited from Old Korean, and a Sino-Korean set which was borrowed from Middle Chinese in the first millennium C.E.

Native classifiers take native numerals.

Some Sino-Korean classifiers take native numerals, others take Sino-Korean numerals, while yet others take both.

Recently loaned classifiers generally take Sino-Korean numerals.

For many terms, a native numeral has a quantifying sense, whereas a Sino-Korean numeral has a sense of labeling.

  • 반(班) (se ban, three school classes, native numeral)
  • 반(班) (sam ban, Class Number Three, Sino-Korean numeral)

When used in isolation, native numerals refer to objects of that number and are used in counting and quantifying, whereas Sino-Korean numerals refer to the numbers in a more mathematical sense.

  • 하나 주세 (hana-man deo juse-yo, Could you give me just one more, please, native numeral)
  • 더하기 ? (Il deohagi ir-eun?, What's one plus one?, Sino-Korean numeral)

While older stages of Korean had native numerals up to the thousands, native numerals currently exist only up to ninety-nine, and Sino-Korean is used for all higher numbers. There is also a tendency—particularly among younger speakers—to uniformly use Sino-Korean numerals for the higher tens as well, so that native numerals such as 일흔 (ilheun, “seventy”) or 아흔 (aheun, “ninety”) are becoming less common.

Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Sino-Korean word from (ball, sphere).

Pronunciation[edit]

Romanizations
Revised Romanization?gu
Revised Romanization (translit.)?gu
McCune–Reischauer?ku
Yale Romanization?kwu

Noun[edit]

(gu) (hanja )

  1. sphere
Derived terms[edit]
See also[edit]
  • (gong, ball)

Etymology 3[edit]

Sino-Korean word from (former, old).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (SK Standard/Seoul) IPA(key): [ku(ː)]
  • Phonetic hangul: [(ː)]
    • Though still prescriptive in Standard Korean, the great majority of speakers (in both Koreas) no longer distinguish vowel length.
Romanizations
Revised Romanization?gu
Revised Romanization (translit.)?gu
McCune–Reischauer?ku
Yale Romanization?kwū

Determiner[edit]

(gu) (hanja )

  1. former; defunct
    Antonym: 신(新) (sin, new)
    시대gusidaeformer period; bygone period
    소련gu Soryeonthe former Soviet Union
Usage notes[edit]
  • Before most common nouns, it is written without spaces as a prefix.
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 4[edit]

Sino-Korean word from (area, district).

Pronunciation[edit]

Romanizations
Revised Romanization?gu
Revised Romanization (translit.)?gu
McCune–Reischauer?ku
Yale Romanization?kwu

Noun[edit]

(gu) (hanja )

  1. ward, district; administrative division of a large city.
Coordinate terms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 5[edit]

Sino-Korean word from (classifier for coffins, corpses).

Pronunciation[edit]

Romanizations
Revised Romanization?gu
Revised Romanization (translit.)?gu
McCune–Reischauer?ku
Yale Romanization?kwu

Counter[edit]

(gu) (hanja )

  1. Used to count corpses.
Usage notes[edit]
  • Usually takes native numerals.
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 6[edit]

Sino-Korean word from (mouth, hole).

Counter[edit]

(gu) (hanja )

  1. (Early Modern, obsolete) Used to count family members.

Suffix[edit]

—구 (-gu) (hanja )

  1. gateway
    출입(出入) (churip, coming and going) + ‎구(口) (gu) → ‎출입구(出入口) (churipgu, entrance/exit)
    비상(非常) (bisang, emergency) + ‎구(口) (gu) → ‎비상구(非常口) (bisanggu, emergency exit)

Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 7[edit]

Sino-Korean word from (tool).

Suffix[edit]

—구 (-gu) (hanja )

  1. tool for...
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 8[edit]

Sino-Korean word from .

Numeral[edit]

(gu) (hanja )

  1. (rare) the number 1032
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 9[edit]

Modern Korean reading of various Chinese characters.

Syllable[edit]

(gu)

Extended content
  1. :
    (MC reading: (MC kʰɨu))
  2. :
    (MC reading: (MC kʰɨu))
  3. :
    (MC reading: (MC kɨu))
  4. :
    (MC reading: (MC kɨuX))
  5. :
    (MC reading: )
  6. :
    (MC reading: (MC kɨuX))
  7. :
    (MC reading: (MC ɡɨu))
  8. :
    (MC reading: (MC kʰɨɑ))
  9. :
    (MC reading: (MC həuH))
  10. :
    (MC reading: (MC ɡɨu))
  11. :
    (MC reading: (MC kɨo))
  12. :
    (MC reading: (MC kɑu, ɡɨuX))
  13. :
    (MC reading: (MC ʔɨoX))
  14. :
    (MC reading: (MC ɡɨoH))
  15. :
    (MC reading: (MC kəu, kəuH))
  16. :
    (MC reading: (MC ɡɨo))
  17. :
    (MC reading: )
  18. :
    (MC reading: (MC kɨu))
  19. :
    (MC reading: (MC kəu, kəuH))
  20. :
    (MC reading: )
  21. :
    (MC reading: )
  22. :
    (MC reading: (MC ɡɨuH))
  23. :
    (MC reading: )
  24. :
    (MC reading: (MC kʰɨo, ʔəu))
  25. :
    (MC reading: )
  26. :
    (MC reading: (MC ɡɨo, kəu, kɨoH, kəuH))
  27. :
    (MC reading: (MC ɡɨu))
  28. :
    (MC reading: (MC həuX, hɨoH))
  29. :
    (MC reading: (MC kɑu, ɡɨuX))
  30. :
    (MC reading: (MC ʔəu, ʔəuX))
  31. :
    (MC reading: )
  32. :
    (MC reading: )
  33. :
    (MC reading: (MC kəuX))
  34. :
    (MC reading: )
  35. :
    (MC reading: (MC kəuH))
  36. :
    (MC reading: (MC kəuH))
  37. :
    (MC reading: (MC ɡɨuH))
  38. :
    (MC reading: (MC kəu, kɨoX, kəuX))
  39. :
    (MC reading: (MC hɨoH))
  40. :
    (MC reading: )
  41. :
    (MC reading: (MC kɨuH))
  42. :
    (MC reading: (MC kʰɨo, kʰəu))
  43. :
    (MC reading: (MC kəuH))
  44. :
    (MC reading: (MC kɨo, ɡɨu))
  45. :
    (MC reading: (MC kɨo))
  46. :
    (MC reading: (MC ɡɨʌX))
  47. :
    (MC reading: (MC kʰəuX, kʰəuH))
  48. :
    (MC reading: (MC ɡɨo))
  49. :
    (MC reading: (MC ɡɨoH))
  50. :
    (MC reading: (MC kəuH))
  51. :
    (MC reading: )
  52. :
    (MC reading: )
  53. :
    (MC reading: (MC kɨuH))
  54. :
    (MC reading: (MC kʰɨo))
  55. :
    (MC reading: (MC kɨo, kəuX))
  56. :
    (MC reading: (MC kɨoH))
  57. :
    (MC reading: )
  58. :
    (MC reading: (MC ʔɨoH))
  59. :
    (MC reading: )
  60. :
    (MC reading: (MC kɨoX))
  61. :
    (MC reading: (MC kəuH))
  62. :
    (MC reading: (MC ʔəu, ʔəuX))
  63. :
    (MC reading: (MC ʔəuX))
  64. :
    (MC reading: (MC ɡɨu))
  65. :
    (MC reading: (MC ɡɨu))
  66. :
    (MC reading: (MC kəu))
  67. :
    (MC reading: (MC ʔəu, ʔəuH))
  68. :
    (MC reading: (MC kɨuX, kɨuH))
  69. :
    (MC reading: (MC kəuX))
  70. :
    (MC reading: (MC kɨuX))
  71. :
    (MC reading: (MC ɡɨu))
  72. :
    (MC reading: (MC ɡɨu, ɡiɪu))
  73. :
    (MC reading: (MC ʔəu))
  74. :
    (MC reading: (MC kɨuH))
  75. :
    (MC reading: (MC kɨo))
  76. :
    (MC reading: (MC ɡɨo))
  77. :
    (MC reading: (MC ɡɨo, kɨoH))
  78. :
    (MC reading: (MC kɨoX))
  79. :
    (MC reading: (MC kuk̚))
  80. :
    (MC reading: (MC kɨuH))
  81. :
    (MC reading: )
  82. :
    (MC reading: (MC ɡɨoX))
  83. :
    (MC reading: (MC kəu))
  84. :
    (MC reading: (MC kʰɨuX))
  85. 絿:
    (MC reading: 絿 (MC ɡɨu))
  86. :
    (MC reading: (MC kəuX))
  87. :
    (MC reading: )
  88. :
    (MC reading: )
  89. :
    (MC reading: )
  90. :
    (MC reading: (MC ɡɨuX))
  91. :
    (MC reading: (MC ɡɨuX))
  92. :
    (MC reading: (MC ɡɨuH))
  93. :
    (MC reading: (MC kəuX))
  94. :
    (MC reading: (MC kɨoX, kɨoH))
  95. :
    (MC reading: (MC kʰɨu))
  96. :
    (MC reading: (MC ɡɨo))
  97. :
    (MC reading: (MC ɡɨu))
  98. :
    (MC reading: (MC kəuH))
  99. :
    (MC reading: (MC kəuX, kʰəuH, həuH))
  100. :
    (MC reading: (MC ʔəu))
  101. :
    (MC reading: (MC kəuH))
  102. :
    (MC reading: (MC kʰɨo))
  103. :
    (MC reading: (MC ɡɨu))
  104. :
    (MC reading: (MC kəuH))
  105. :
    (MC reading: (MC kʰɨu))
  106. :
    (MC reading: (MC kʰəuX))
  107. :
    (MC reading: (MC kəu))
  108. :
    (MC reading: (MC ɡɨu))
  109. :
    (MC reading: (MC kɨuk̚))
  110. :
    (MC reading: )
  111. :
    (MC reading: (MC kɨuX))
  112. :
    (MC reading: )
  113. :
    (MC reading: )
  114. :
    (MC reading: )
  115. :
    (MC reading: )
  116. :
    (MC reading: (MC kɨo))
  117. :
    (MC reading: (MC kʰɨo, kʰɨoH))
  118. :
    (MC reading: (MC kɨu, kiɪuX))
  119. :
    (MC reading: (MC kɨu))
  120. :
    (MC reading: (MC kʰəuH))
  121. :
    (MC reading: (MC ʔəu))
  122. :
    (MC reading: (MC ɡɨo))
  123. :
    (MC reading: (MC huʌi, ɡɨu))
  124. :
    (MC reading: (MC kˠiuɪ, kɨu))