하나

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Korean[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Of native Korean origin, from Middle Korean ᄒᆞ낳〮 (Yale: hònáh). Sometimes connected to Old Korean 一等 (*HOton), but there is no straightforward correspondence.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (SK Standard/Seoul) IPA(key): [ha̠na̠]
    • (file)
  • Phonetic hangul: []
Romanizations
Revised Romanization?hana
Revised Romanization (translit.)?hana
McCune–Reischauer?hana
Yale Romanization?hana
  • South Gyeongsang (Busan) pitch accent: 의 / 하에 / 하나

    Syllables in red take high pitch. This word always takes high pitch only on the second syllable, except before consonant-initial multisyllabic suffixes, when it takes full low pitch.

Numeral[edit]

Korean numbers (edit)
10
1 2  →  10  → 
    Native isol.: 하나 (hana)
    Native attr.: (han)
    Sino-Korean: (il)
    Hanja:
    Ordinal: 첫째 (cheotjjae)

하나 (hana)

  1. one (independently, without a classifier)
    하나, , 하면 출발입니다!
    Hana, dul, set hamyeon chulbar-imnida!
    One, two, three, then off we go!
    하나 가지고 되겠어?
    Hana-man gajigo doegesseo?
    Will you be alright with just one?

Usage notes[edit]

In modern Korean, numbers are usually written in Arabic numerals.

The Korean language has two sets of numerals: a native set of numerals inherited from Old Korean, and a Sino-Korean set which was borrowed from Middle Chinese in the first millennium C.E.

Native classifiers take native numerals.

Some Sino-Korean classifiers take native numerals, others take Sino-Korean numerals, while yet others take both.

Recently loaned classifiers generally take Sino-Korean numerals.

For many terms, a native numeral has a quantifying sense, whereas a Sino-Korean numeral has a sense of labeling.

  • 반(班) (se ban, three school classes, native numeral)
  • 반(班) (sam ban, Class Number Three, Sino-Korean numeral)

When used in isolation, native numerals refer to objects of that number and are used in counting and quantifying, whereas Sino-Korean numerals refer to the numbers in a more mathematical sense.

  • 하나 주세 (hana-man deo juse-yo, Could you give me just one more, please, native numeral)
  • 더하기 ? (Il deohagi ir-eun?, What's one plus one?, Sino-Korean numeral)

While older stages of Korean had native numerals up to the thousands, native numerals currently exist only up to ninety-nine, and Sino-Korean is used for all higher numbers. There is also a tendency—particularly among younger speakers—to uniformly use Sino-Korean numerals for the higher tens as well, so that native numerals such as 일흔 (ilheun, “seventy”) or 아흔 (aheun, “ninety”) are becoming less common.

Noun[edit]

하나 (hana)

  1. (only in the negative, with (-do)) (even a) small amount
    Synonym: 조금 (jogeum)
    하나 모르다
    hana-do moreuda
    completely clueless
    하나 외롭지 않다
    hana-do oeropji anta
    not the slightest bit lonely