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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 30 +5, 8 strokes, cangjie input 竹人口 (HOR), 竹卜口 (HYR), four-corner 28604, composition)

  1. fault, defect
  2. error, mistake

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 185, character 6
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 3493
  • Dae Jaweon: page 404, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 607, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+548E

Chinese[edit]

-
simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (咎), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: 見 (28)
Final: 豪
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 古勞切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/kɑu/ /kɑu/ /kɑu/ /kɑu/ /kaw/ /kɑu/ /kɑu/
Character (咎), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: 群 (30)
Final: 尤
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie: 其九切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɡɨuX/ /gi̯ə̯uX/ /ɡiuX/ /ɡiuX/ /guwX/ /ɡĭəuX/ /ɡiəuX/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
jiù ‹ gjuwX › /*[ɡ](r)uʔ/ fault, blame (n.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
6983 2 /*kɯːw/
6988 2 /*ɡɯwʔ/

Definitions[edit]

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Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(gu, go) (hangeul , , revised gu, go, McCune-Reischauer ku, ko)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.