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U+548E, 咎
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-548E

[U+548D]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+548F]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 30 +5, 8 strokes, cangjie input 竹人口 (HOR) or 竹卜口 (HYR), four-corner 28604, composition ⿱⿺ (G) or ⿱⿺ (TJK))

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 185, character 6
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 3493
  • Dae Jaweon: page 404, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 607, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+548E

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Bamboo and silk script Small seal script
咎-silk.svg 咎-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kɯːw, *ɡɯwʔ
*kɯːw
*kɯːw
*kɯːw, *ɡɯwʔ
*ɡ·rɯwʔ
*ɡɯwʔ
*kʷrɯwʔ
*kʷrɯwʔ

 +  + .

Pronunciation[edit]


Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (28) (30)
Final () (89) (136)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () I III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kɑu/ /ɡɨuX/
Pan
Wuyun
/kɑu/ /ɡiuX/
Shao
Rongfen
/kɑu/ /ɡiəuX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kaw/ /guwX/
Li
Rong
/kɑu/ /ɡiuX/
Wang
Li
/kɑu/ /ɡĭəuX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kɑu/ /gi̯ə̯uX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
gāo jiù
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
jiù
Middle
Chinese
‹ gjuwX ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ɡ](r)uʔ/
English fault, blame (n.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 6983 6988
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2 2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kɯːw/ /*ɡɯwʔ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. fault; defect; error; mistake

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(gu, go) (hangeul , , revised gu, go, McCune-Reischauer ku, ko)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.