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U+548E, 咎
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-548E

[U+548D]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+548F]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 30, +5, 8 strokes, cangjie input 竹人口 (HOR) or 竹卜口 (HYR), four-corner 28604, composition ⿱⿺ (G) or ⿱⿺ (TJK))

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 185, character 6
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 3493
  • Dae Jaweon: page 404, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 607, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+548E

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp. #

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shang Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Bronze inscriptions Oracle bone script Chu Slip and silk script Qin slip script Small seal script
咎-bronze-shang.svg 咎-oracle.svg 咎-silk.svg 咎-slip.svg 咎-seal.svg

Originally ideogrammic compound (會意): + , with later added.

Etymology 1[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 2/2
Initial () (30)
Final () (136)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɡɨuX/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɡiuX/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɡiəuX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/guwX/
Li
Rong
/ɡiuX/
Wang
Li
/ɡĭəuX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/gi̯ə̯uX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
jiù
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
gau6
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
jiù
Middle
Chinese
‹ gjuwX ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ɡ](r)uʔ/
English fault, blame (n.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/2
No. 6988
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɡɯwʔ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. fault; defect; error; mistake
  2. calamity; misfortune

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2
Initial () (28)
Final () (89)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kɑu/
Pan
Wuyun
/kɑu/
Shao
Rongfen
/kɑu/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kaw/
Li
Rong
/kɑu/
Wang
Li
/kɑu/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kɑu/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
gāo
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
gou1
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2
No. 6983
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kɯːw/

Definitions[edit]

  1. Alternative form of (gāo, “large drum”).
  2. A surname​.

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(gu, go) (hangeul , , revised gu, go, McCune–Reischauer ku, ko)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

: Hán Việt readings: cữu[1]

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

References[edit]