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U+8205, 舅
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-8205

[U+8204]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+8206]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 134 +7, 13 strokes, cangjie input 竹X田大尸 (HXWKS), four-corner 77427, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1004, character 9
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 30208
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1460, character 24
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3040, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+8205

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
alt. forms

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ɡuʔ
*ɡuʔ
*ɡuʔ
*ɡuʔ
*ɡʷɯs
*ɡʷɯs
*kuɡ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ɡuʔ): phonetic  (OC *ɡuʔ) + semantic  (male; man).

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *(g/k)əw-n (elder brother; senior male relative); compare Tibetan ཨ་ཁུ (a khu, father's brother).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • kū/kǔ - vernacular;
  • kiū/kiǔ - literary.
Note:
  • jiou5 - vernacular;
  • jiou4 - literary.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /t͡ɕiou⁵¹/
Harbin /t͡ɕiou⁵³/
Tianjin /t͡ɕiou⁵³/
Jinan /t͡ɕiou²¹/
Qingdao /t͡ɕiou⁴²/
Zhengzhou /t͡ɕiou³¹²/
Xi'an /t͡ɕiou⁴⁴/
Xining /t͡ɕiɯ²¹³/
Yinchuan /t͡ɕiəu¹³/
Lanzhou /t͡ɕiou¹³/
Ürümqi /t͡ɕiɤu²¹³/
Wuhan /t͡ɕiəu³⁵/
Chengdu /t͡ɕiəu¹³/
Guiyang /t͡ɕiəu²¹³/
Kunming /t͡ɕiəu²¹²/
Nanjing /t͡ɕiəɯ⁴⁴/
Hefei /t͡ɕiɯ⁵³/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡ɕiəu⁴⁵/
Pingyao /t͡ɕiəu³⁵/
Hohhot /t͡ɕiəu⁵⁵/
Wu Shanghai /d͡ʑiɤ²³/
Suzhou /d͡ʑiɤ³¹/
Hangzhou /d͡ʑiø¹³/
Wenzhou /d͡ʑau³⁵/
Hui Shexian /t͡ɕiu³⁵/
Tunxi /t͡ɕʰiu²⁴/
Xiang Changsha /t͡ɕiəu⁵⁵/
/t͡ɕiəu¹¹/
Xiangtan /d͡ʑiəɯ²¹/
Gan Nanchang /t͡ɕʰiu²¹/
Hakka Meixian /kʰiu⁴⁴/
Taoyuan /kʰiu²⁴/
Cantonese Guangzhou /kʰɐu²³/
Nanning /kʰɐu²⁴/
Hong Kong /kʰɐu¹³/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /kiu²²/
/ku²²/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /kiɛu²⁴²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /kiu⁴⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /ku³⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /ku³³/
/ku³¹/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (30)
Final () (136)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɡɨuX/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɡiuX/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɡiəuX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/guwX/
Li
Rong
/ɡiuX/
Wang
Li
/ɡĭəuX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/gi̯ə̯uX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
jiù
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
jiù
Middle
Chinese
‹ gjuwX ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ɡ](r)uʔ/
English mother"s brother

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 6980
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɡuʔ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. maternal uncle (mother's brother)
  2. brother-in-law (wife's brother)
  3. father-in-law (wife's father)
  4. father-in-law (husband's father)
  5. feudal prince of a different surname (to an emperor)
  6. official of a different surname (to a feudal prince)
  7. A surname​.

Synonyms[edit]

Dialectal synonyms of 舅父 (“maternal uncle (mother's brother)”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Classical Chinese
Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 舅父
Mandarin Beijing 舅舅
Taiwan 舅舅
Harbin 舅舅
Shenyang 舅舅
Jinan 舅舅
Muping
Luoyang 舅舅
Jiedian
Xi'an
Zhengzhou
Xining 阿舅舅舅
Xuzhou 舅爺舅舅
Yinchuan 舅舅
Lanzhou 阿舅
Ürümqi 舅舅
Wuhan 舅爺舅伯 >舅舅 <
Chengdu 舅舅
Guiyang 舅舅舅爺
Guilin
Liuzhou 阿舅舅爹 >
Kunming 舅爹 >舅爺 <
Yangzhou 舅舅
Nanjing 舅舅
Hefei 舅舅
Cantonese Guangzhou 舅父
Hong Kong 舅父
Shunde 舅父
Foshan 舅父
Zhongshan 舅父
Dongguan 阿舅母舅舅父 <>大舅 >舅仔 <,<>
Hong Kong (Weitou) 大舅阿舅
Taishan 大舅 >阿舅 <
Doumen 舅父
Kaiping 阿舅
Shaoguan 舅父
Yunfu 舅父
Yangjiang 阿舅
Xinyi 舅父
Lianjiang 舅爹 >舅父 <阿舅 <舅仔 <
Nanning 舅父阿父舅爺 >
Wuzhou 舅父
Yulin 舅爺舅公大舅龍
Hepu 舅公
Kuala Lumpur 舅父
Gan Nanchang 母舅舅舅
Lichuan 母舅
Pingxiang 舅爺舅老爺
Hakka Meixian 阿舅
Luchuan 舅公
Changting 舅舅
Wuping 舅舅
Ninghua 舅舅
Yudu 舅舅母舅 <>母舅公 <>
Miaoli (N. Sixian) 阿舅母舅
Liudui (S. Sixian) 阿舅母舅
Hsinchu (Hailu) 阿舅母舅
Dongshi (Dabu) 阿舅母舅
Zhuolan (Raoping) 阿舅母舅
Yunlin (Zhao'an) 阿舅母舅
Hong Kong 阿舅大舅 >舅仔 <
Sabah 阿舅
Senai 阿舅
Singkawang 阿舅
Huizhou Shexian 舅舅
Tunxi 舅爺
Jixi 娘舅 <>舅舅 ><
Jin Taiyuan 舅舅
Xinzhou 舅舅 <>舅舅啊 ><
Min Bei Jian'ou 舅舅
Min Dong Fuzhou 娘舅 <>依舅 ><
Fuqing 母舅 <> ><阿舅 ><
Matsu 依舅
Min Nan Xiamen 母舅 <>阿舅 ><
Quanzhou 母舅 <>阿舅 ><
Zhangzhou 母舅 <>阿舅 ><
Taipei 阿舅
Kaohsiung 阿舅
Tainan 阿舅
Taichung 阿舅母舅
Wuqi 阿舅
Hsinchu 阿舅
Taitung 阿舅
Lukang 阿舅母舅
Sanxia 阿舅
Yilan 阿舅
Kinmen 阿舅
Magong 阿舅
Penang 阿舅
Singapore 阿舅
Philippines (Manila) 阿舅
Chaozhou 阿舅
Shantou 阿舅
Haifeng
Johor Bahru 阿舅
Haikou 舅爹
Leizhou 舅翁尼翁 >,<> >,><尼舅 <,<> <,><
Puxian Min Putian 阿舅
Xianyou 阿舅
Pinghua Nanning 舅爺
Guilin
Wu Shanghai 娘舅舅舅
Suzhou 娘舅舅舅
Hangzhou 娘舅
Wenzhou 舅舅娘舅 <>
Chongming 娘舅
Danyang 娘舅舅爹 >舅舅 <
Jinhua 娘舅 <>舅舅 ><
Ningbo 娘舅阿舅舅舅
Xiang Changsha 舅舅老舅 <>
Shuangfeng 舅基舅舅
Loudi 舅舅
Quanzhou 舅爺舅舅
Note > - mother's elder brother; < - mother's younger brother; >< - face-to-face; <> - non-face-to-face

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.
Readings[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

/sihi1to2/: [shipitwo] → [shiɸitwo] → [shiɸito]. See next entry.

Noun[edit]

(hiragana しひと, rōmaji shihito)

  1. a father-in-law

Etymology 2[edit]

From shihito: [shipitwo] → [shiɸitwo] → [shiɸito] → [shiɸuto] → [shiwuto] → [shiuto] → [shuːto].

Noun[edit]

(hiragana しゅうと, rōmaji shūto, historical hiragana しうと)

  1. a father-in-law

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(gu) (hangeul , revised gu, McCune-Reischauer ku, Yale kwu)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.