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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): phonetic  + semantic  ‎(man) – uncle, a kind of man.

Han character[edit]

(radical 134 +7, 13 strokes, cangjie input 竹X田大尸 (HXWKS), four-corner 77427, composition)

  1. mother's brother, uncle

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1004, character 9
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 30208
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1460, character 24
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3040, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+8205

Chinese[edit]

-
simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (舅), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 群 (30)
Final: 尤
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie: 其九切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɡɨuX/ /gi̯ə̯uX/ /ɡiuX/ /ɡiuX/ /guwX/ /ɡĭəuX/ /ɡiəuX/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
jiù ‹ gjuwX › /*[ɡ](r)uʔ/ mother's brother

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
6980 1 /*ɡuʔ/

Noun[edit]

  1. mother's brother: uncle

Derived terms[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

/sihi1to2/: [shipitwo] → [shiɸitwo] → [shiɸito]. See next entry.

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana しひと, romaji shihito)

  1. a father-in-law

Etymology 2[edit]

From shihito: [shipitwo] → [shiɸitwo] → [shiɸito] → [shiɸuto] → [shiwuto] → [shiuto] → [shuːto].

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana しゅうと, romaji shūto, historical hiragana しうと)

  1. a father-in-law

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

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Readings[edit]

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(gu) (hangeul , revised gu, McCune-Reischauer ku, Yale kwu)

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