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U+8205, 舅
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-8205

[U+8204]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+8206]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 134, +7, 13 strokes, cangjie input 竹X田大尸 (HXWKS), four-corner 77427, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1004, character 9
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 30208
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1460, character 24
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3040, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+8205

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
variant forms

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ɡuʔ
*ɡuʔ
*ɡuʔ
*ɡuʔ
*ɡʷɯs
*ɡʷɯs
*kuɡ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ɡuʔ): phonetic  (OC *ɡuʔ) + semantic  (male; man).

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *(g/k)əw-n (elder brother; senior male relative); compare Tibetan ཨ་ཁུ (a khu, father's brother).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • kū/kǔ - vernacular;
  • kiū/kiǔ - literary.
  • Wu
  • Xiang
  • Note:
    • jiou5 - vernacular;
    • jiou4 - literary.

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /t͡ɕiou⁵¹/
    Harbin /t͡ɕiou⁵³/
    Tianjin /t͡ɕiou⁵³/
    Jinan /t͡ɕiou²¹/
    Qingdao /t͡ɕiou⁴²/
    Zhengzhou /t͡ɕiou³¹²/
    Xi'an /t͡ɕiou⁴⁴/
    Xining /t͡ɕiɯ²¹³/
    Yinchuan /t͡ɕiəu¹³/
    Lanzhou /t͡ɕiou¹³/
    Ürümqi /t͡ɕiɤu²¹³/
    Wuhan /t͡ɕiəu³⁵/
    Chengdu /t͡ɕiəu¹³/
    Guiyang /t͡ɕiəu²¹³/
    Kunming /t͡ɕiəu²¹²/
    Nanjing /t͡ɕiəɯ⁴⁴/
    Hefei /t͡ɕiɯ⁵³/
    Jin Taiyuan /t͡ɕiəu⁴⁵/
    Pingyao /t͡ɕiəu³⁵/
    Hohhot /t͡ɕiəu⁵⁵/
    Wu Shanghai /d͡ʑiɤ²³/
    Suzhou /d͡ʑiɤ³¹/
    Hangzhou /d͡ʑiø¹³/
    Wenzhou /d͡ʑau³⁵/
    Hui Shexian /t͡ɕiu³⁵/
    Tunxi /t͡ɕʰiu²⁴/
    Xiang Changsha /t͡ɕiəu⁵⁵/
    /t͡ɕiəu¹¹/
    Xiangtan /d͡ʑiəɯ²¹/
    Gan Nanchang /t͡ɕʰiu²¹/
    Hakka Meixian /kʰiu⁴⁴/
    Taoyuan /kʰiu²⁴/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /kʰɐu²³/
    Nanning /kʰɐu²⁴/
    Hong Kong /kʰɐu¹³/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /kiu²²/
    /ku²²/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /kiɛu²⁴²/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /kiu⁴⁴/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /ku³⁵/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /ku³³/
    /ku³¹/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (30)
    Final () (136)
    Tone (調) Rising (X)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ɡɨuX/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ɡiuX/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ɡiəuX/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /guwX/
    Li
    Rong
    /ɡiuX/
    Wang
    Li
    /ɡĭəuX/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /gi̯ə̯uX/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    jiù
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    jiù
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ gjuwX ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[ɡ](r)uʔ/
    English mother"s brother

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 6980
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ɡuʔ/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. maternal uncle (mother's brother)
    2. brother-in-law (wife's brother)
    3. father-in-law (wife's father)
    4. father-in-law (husband's father)
    5. feudal prince of a different surname (to an emperor)
    6. official of a different surname (to a feudal prince)
    7. A surname​.

    Synonyms[edit]

    Dialectal synonyms of 舅父 (“maternal uncle (mother's brother)”) [map]
    Variety Location Words
    Classical Chinese
    Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 舅父
    Mandarin Beijing 舅舅
    Taiwan 舅舅
    Harbin 舅舅
    Shenyang 舅舅
    Jinan 舅舅
    Muping
    Luoyang 舅舅
    Jiedian
    Xi'an
    Zhengzhou
    Xining 阿舅舅舅
    Xuzhou 舅爺舅舅
    Yinchuan 舅舅
    Lanzhou 阿舅
    Ürümqi 舅舅
    Wuhan 舅爺舅伯 >舅舅 <
    Chengdu 舅舅
    Guiyang 舅舅舅爺
    Guilin
    Liuzhou 阿舅舅爹 >
    Kunming 舅爹 >舅爺 <
    Yangzhou 舅舅
    Nanjing 舅舅
    Hefei 舅舅
    Cantonese Guangzhou 舅父
    Hong Kong 舅父
    Shunde 舅父
    Foshan 舅父
    Zhongshan 舅父
    Dongguan 阿舅母舅舅父 <>大舅 >舅仔 <,<>
    Hong Kong (Weitou) 大舅阿舅
    Taishan 大舅 >阿舅 <
    Doumen 舅父
    Kaiping 阿舅
    Shaoguan 舅父
    Yunfu 舅父
    Yangjiang 阿舅
    Xinyi 舅父
    Lianjiang 舅爹 >舅父 <阿舅 <舅仔 <
    Nanning 舅父阿父舅爺 >
    Wuzhou 舅父
    Yulin 舅爺舅公大舅龍
    Hepu 舅公
    Kuala Lumpur 舅父
    Gan Nanchang 母舅舅舅
    Lichuan 母舅
    Pingxiang 舅爺舅老爺
    Hakka Meixian 阿舅
    Luchuan 舅公
    Changting 舅舅
    Wuping 舅舅
    Ninghua 舅舅
    Yudu 舅舅母舅 <>母舅公 <>
    Miaoli (N. Sixian) 阿舅母舅
    Liudui (S. Sixian) 阿舅母舅
    Hsinchu (Hailu) 阿舅母舅
    Dongshi (Dabu) 阿舅母舅
    Zhuolan (Raoping) 阿舅母舅
    Yunlin (Zhao'an) 阿舅母舅
    Hong Kong 阿舅大舅 >舅仔 <
    Sabah 阿舅
    Senai 阿舅
    Singkawang 阿舅
    Huizhou Jixi 娘舅 <>舅舅 ><
    Shexian 舅舅
    Tunxi 舅爺
    Jin Taiyuan 舅舅
    Xinzhou 舅舅 <>舅舅啊 ><
    Min Bei Jian'ou 舅舅
    Min Dong Fuzhou 娘舅 <>依舅 ><
    Fuqing 母舅 <> ><阿舅 ><
    Matsu 依舅
    Min Nan Xiamen 母舅 <>阿舅 ><
    Quanzhou 母舅 <>阿舅 ><
    Zhangzhou 母舅 <>阿舅 ><
    Taipei 阿舅
    Kaohsiung 阿舅
    Tainan 阿舅
    Taichung 阿舅母舅
    Wuqi 阿舅
    Hsinchu 阿舅
    Taitung 阿舅
    Lukang 阿舅母舅
    Sanxia 阿舅
    Yilan 阿舅
    Kinmen 阿舅
    Magong 阿舅
    Penang 阿舅
    Singapore 阿舅
    Philippines (Manila) 阿舅
    Chaozhou 阿舅
    Shantou 阿舅
    Haifeng
    Johor Bahru 阿舅
    Haikou 舅爹
    Leizhou 舅翁尼翁 >,<> >,><尼舅 <,<> <,><
    Puxian Min Putian 阿舅
    Xianyou 阿舅
    Pinghua Nanning 舅爺
    Guilin
    Wu Shanghai 娘舅舅舅
    Suzhou 娘舅舅舅
    Hangzhou 娘舅
    Wenzhou 舅舅娘舅 <>
    Chongming 娘舅
    Danyang 娘舅舅爹 >舅舅 <
    Jinhua 娘舅 <>舅舅 ><
    Ningbo 娘舅阿舅舅舅
    Xiang Changsha 舅舅老舅 <>
    Shuangfeng 舅基舅舅
    Loudi 舅舅
    Quanzhou 舅爺舅舅
    Note > - mother's elder brother; < - mother's younger brother; >< - face-to-face; <> - non-face-to-face

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.
    Readings[edit]

    Etymology 1[edit]

    /sihi1to2/: [shipitwo] → [shiɸitwo] → [shiɸito]. See next entry.

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana しひと, rōmaji shihito)

    1. a father-in-law

    Etymology 2[edit]

    From shihito: [shipitwo] → [shiɸitwo] → [shiɸito] → [shiɸuto] → [shiwuto] → [shiuto] → [shuːto].

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana しゅうと, rōmaji shūto, historical hiragana しうと)

    1. a father-in-law

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (gu) (hangeul , revised gu, McCune–Reischauer ku, Yale kwu)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (cậu, cữu)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.