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U+8205, 舅
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-8205

[U+8204]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+8206]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 134 +7, 13 strokes, cangjie input 竹X田大尸 (HXWKS), four-corner 77427, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1004, character 9
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 30208
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1460, character 24
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3040, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+8205

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ɡuʔ
*ɡuʔ
*ɡuʔ
*ɡuʔ
*ɡʷɯs
*ɡʷɯs
*kuɡ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ɡuʔ): phonetic  (OC *ɡuʔ) + semantic  (man) – uncle, a kind of man.

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • kǔ/kū - vernacular;
  • kiǔ/kiū - literary.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /t͡ɕiou⁵¹/
Harbin /t͡ɕiou⁵³/
Tianjin /t͡ɕiou⁵³/
Jinan /t͡ɕiou²¹/
Qingdao /t͡ɕiou⁴²/
Zhengzhou /t͡ɕiou³¹²/
Xi'an /t͡ɕiou⁴⁴/
Xining /t͡ɕiɯ²¹³/
Yinchuan /t͡ɕiəu¹³/
Lanzhou /t͡ɕiou¹³/
Ürümqi /t͡ɕiɤu²¹³/
Wuhan /t͡ɕiəu³⁵/
Chengdu /t͡ɕiəu¹³/
Guiyang /t͡ɕiəu²¹³/
Kunming /t͡ɕiəu²¹²/
Nanjing /t͡ɕiəɯ⁴⁴/
Hefei /t͡ɕiɯ⁵³/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡ɕiəu⁴⁵/
Pingyao /t͡ɕiəu³⁵/
Hohhot /t͡ɕiəu⁵⁵/
Wu Shanghai /d͡ʑiɤ²³/
Suzhou /d͡ʑiɤ³¹/
Hangzhou /d͡ʑiø¹³/
Wenzhou /d͡ʑau³⁵/
Hui Shexian /t͡ɕiu³⁵/
Tunxi /t͡ɕʰiu²⁴/
Xiang Changsha /t͡ɕiəu⁵⁵/
/t͡ɕiəu¹¹/
Xiangtan /d͡ʑiəɯ²¹/
Gan Nanchang /t͡ɕʰiu²¹/
Hakka Meixian /kʰiu⁴⁴/
Taoyuan /kʰiu²⁴/
Cantonese Guangzhou /kʰɐu²³/
Nanning /kʰɐu²⁴/
Hong Kong /kʰɐu¹³/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /kiu²²/
/ku²²/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /kiɛu²⁴²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /kiu⁴⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /ku³⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /ku³³/
/ku³¹/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (30)
Final () (136)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɡɨuX/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɡiuX/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɡiəuX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/guwX/
Li
Rong
/ɡiuX/
Wang
Li
/ɡĭəuX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/gi̯ə̯uX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
jiù
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
jiù
Middle
Chinese
‹ gjuwX ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ɡ](r)uʔ/
English mother"s brother

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 6980
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɡuʔ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. mother's brother; uncle

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

/sihi1to2/: [shipitwo] → [shiɸitwo] → [shiɸito]. See next entry.

Noun[edit]

(hiragana しひと, rōmaji shihito)

  1. a father-in-law

Etymology 2[edit]

From shihito: [shipitwo] → [shiɸitwo] → [shiɸito] → [shiɸuto] → [shiwuto] → [shiuto] → [shuːto].

Noun[edit]

(hiragana しゅうと, rōmaji shūto, historical hiragana しうと)

  1. a father-in-law

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.
Readings[edit]

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(gu) (hangeul , revised gu, McCune-Reischauer ku, Yale kwu)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.