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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 124 +4, 10 strokes, cangjie input 金戈尸一 (CISM), four-corner 80127, composition)

  1. old man
  2. father, father-in-law

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 955, character 21
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 28635
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1401, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3343, character 10
  • Unihan data for U+7FC1

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /uəŋ⁵⁵/
Harbin /uəŋ⁴⁴/
Tianjin /vəŋ²¹/
Jinan /vəŋ²¹³/
Qingdao /ɣəŋ²¹³/
Zhengzhou /uəŋ²⁴/
Xi'an /uŋ²¹/
Xining /uə̃⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /vəŋ⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /və̃n³¹/
/kũn³¹/
Ürümqi /vɤŋ⁴⁴/
Wuhan /oŋ⁵⁵/
Chengdu /oŋ⁵⁵/
Guiyang /oŋ⁵⁵/
Kunming /oŋ/
Nanjing /oŋ³¹/
Hefei /əŋ⁵³/
Jin Taiyuan /vəŋ¹¹/
Pingyao /uŋ¹³/
Hohhot /və̃ŋ³¹/
Wu Shanghai /oŋ⁵³/
Suzhou /oŋ⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /ʔoŋ³³/
Wenzhou /oŋ³³/
Hui Shexian /uʌ̃³¹/
Tunxi /an¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /ŋoŋ³³/
Xiangtan /uən³³/
Gan Nanchang /uŋ⁴²/
Hakka Meixian /vuŋ⁴⁴/
Taoyuan /vuŋ²⁴/
Cantonese Guangzhou /joŋ⁵⁵/
Nanning /juŋ⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /juŋ⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /ɔŋ⁵⁵/
/aŋ⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /uŋ⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /ɔŋ⁵⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /oŋ³³/
/eŋ³³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /oŋ²³/
/aŋ²³/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (34)
Final: (1)
Tone: Level (Ø)

Openness: Open
Division: I
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: wēng
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʔuŋ/ /ʔuŋ/ /ʔuŋ/ /ʔəwŋ/ /ʔuŋ/ /uŋ/ /ʔuŋ/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
wēng ‹ ʔuwng › /*qˤoŋ/ old man (Han?)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
4094 0 /*qloːŋ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. A surname​.
  2. (Min Nan) husband
    仔某 [Min Nan]  ―  ang-á-bó͘ [Pe̍h-ōe-jī]  ―  husband and wife
  3. elderly man
  4. the feathers of a bird's neck

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

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Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(ong) (hangeul , revised ong, McCune-Reischauer ong, Yale ong)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(ông)

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