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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 120 +3, 9 strokes, cangjie input 女火一 (VFM), four-corner 21910, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 916, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 27243
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1343, character 8
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3363, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+7D05

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Pronunciation[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /xuŋ³⁵/
Harbin /xuŋ²⁴/
Tianjin /xuŋ⁴⁵/
Jinan /xuŋ⁴²/
Qingdao /xəŋ⁴²/
Zhengzhou /xuŋ⁴²/
Xi'an /xuŋ²⁴/
Xining /xuə̃²⁴/
Yinchuan /xuŋ⁵³/
Lanzhou /xũn⁵³/
Ürümqi /xuŋ⁵¹/
Wuhan /xoŋ²¹³/
Chengdu /xoŋ³¹/
Guiyang /xoŋ²¹/
Kunming /xoŋ³¹/
Nanjing /xoŋ²⁴/
Hefei /xəŋ⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /xuəŋ¹¹/
Pingyao /xuŋ¹³/
Hohhot /xũŋ³¹/
Wu Shanghai /ɦoŋ²³/
Suzhou /ɦoŋ¹³/
Hangzhou /ɦoŋ²¹³/
Wenzhou /ɦoŋ³¹/
Hui Shexian /xuʌ̃⁴⁴/
Tunxi /xan⁴⁴/
Xiang Changsha /xoŋ¹³/
Xiangtan /ɦən¹²/
Gan Nanchang /fuŋ⁴⁵/
Hakka Meixian /fuŋ¹¹/
Taoyuan /fuŋ¹¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /hoŋ²¹/
Nanning /huŋ²¹/
Hong Kong /huŋ²¹/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /hɔŋ³⁵/
/aŋ³⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /øyŋ⁵³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /ɔŋ²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /hoŋ⁵⁵/
/aŋ⁵⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /hɔŋ³¹/
/aŋ³¹/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (33)
Final () (1)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɦuŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɦuŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɣuŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɦəwŋ/
Li
Rong
/ɣuŋ/
Wang
Li
/ɣuŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɣuŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
hóng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
hóng
Middle
Chinese
‹ huwng ›
Old
Chinese
/*ɡˤoŋ/
English pink

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 4055
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɡoːŋ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. red
    /   ―  hóng  ―  red (color)
  2. (colloquial) popular; in vogue
    邁克爾·傑克遜沒有以前那麼 [MSC, trad.]
    迈克尔·杰克逊没有以前那么 [MSC, simp.]
    Màikè'ěr Jiékèxùn méiyǒu yǐqián nàme hóng le. [Pinyin]
    Michael Jackson is not as popular as he used to be.
  3. The red clothes and bunting used on festive occasions.
    /   ―  hóng  ―  to drape in red silk as a sign of honor or for festivity
    /   ―  hóngbāo  ―  red envelope / red packet
  4. revolutionary; Communist; Red
    /   ―  hóngjūn  ―  Red army
  5. worldly
  6. women's
  7. bonus; dividend
    /   ―  fēnhóng  ―  distribute or draw dividends
  8. (Cantonese) blood tofu
    / [Cantonese]  ―  zyu1 hung4 [Jyutping]  ―  pig blood tofu
  9. A surname​. Hong

Compounds[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]


Definitions[edit]

  1. Substitute character for (gōng).
  2. Substitute character for (gōng).
    /   ―  gōng  ―  the feminine arts (e.g. needlework, sewing, embroidery)
  3. Placename in the State of Lu during the Spring and Autumn Period in Chinese history, northeast of modern Tai'an, Shandong.

Pronunciation[edit]


Definitions[edit]

  1. Substitute character for (jiàng).

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 6 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. the color crimson, a vivid red edging towards pink

Readings[edit]

(kurenai, beni): the safflower, Carthamus tinctorius

Etymology 1[edit]

Originally a compound of ‎(Kure, China) +‎ ‎(no, possessive particle) +‎ (ai, “indigo”: by extension, “dye”). The 紅花 ‎(benibana) plant (the safflower), from which the kurenai color dye was extracted, was brought to Japan from China.

/kure no ai//kurenai/

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana くれない, romaji kurenai, historical hiragana くれなゐ)

  1. the color crimson, a vivid red edging towards pink
  2. the benibana or safflower from which this color is extracted, Carthamus tinctorius
Synonyms[edit]
(beni): lipstick
(beni): rouge

Etymology 2[edit]

Derivation unclear. Few native Japanese words begin with voiced plosives, suggesting that this term was borrowed. May be from Okinawan bin as in 紅型 ‎(bingata, a type of brightly colored Okinawan dying technique), though that derivation is also unclear.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana べに, romaji beni)

  1. the color crimson, a vivid red edging towards pink
  2. the benibana or safflower from which this color is extracted, Carthamus tinctorius
  3. the crimson pigment extracted from the benibana, used in cosmetics and as a food coloring
  4. rouge, a red cosmetic traditionally made from the benibana
  5. lipstick or lip liner, also traditionally made from the benibana
Synonyms[edit]
(aka): hexadecimal color code #FF0000

Etymology 3[edit]

Alternate spelling for ‎(aka, red).

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana あか, romaji aka)

  1. the color red
    See the entry for the full list of definitions.
(momi): A princess doll showing the momi kimono liner.

Etymology 4[edit]

From 揉み ‎(momi, kneading, stem form of verb momu), by extension from the kneading of cloth during the dying process.

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana もみ, romaji momi)

  1. silk cloth dyed an even shade of one color, often a deep gold dyed again with kurenai, traditionally used as a kimono liner
Synonyms[edit]
(): hexadecimal color code #D71345

Etymology 5[edit]

From Middle Chinese.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana こう, romaji )

  1. the kurenai color: the color crimson, a vivid red edging towards pink
Idioms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(hong, gong) (hangeul , , McCune-Reischauer hong, kong, Yale hong, kong)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(hồng, hường)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.