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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 120 +3, 9 strokes, cangjie input 女火一 (VFM), four-corner 21910, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 916, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 27243
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1343, character 8
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3363, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+7D05

Chinese[edit]

-
trad.
simp.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (紅), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 匣 (33)
Final: 東
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 戸公切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɦuŋ/ /ɣuŋ/ /ɣuŋ/ /ɦuŋ/ /ɦəwŋ/ /ɣuŋ/ /ɣuŋ/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
hóng ‹ huwng › /*ɡˤoŋ/ pink

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
4055 0 /*ɡoːŋ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. (Beginning Mandarin) red
    /   ―  hóng  ―  red (color)
  2. (colloquial) popular; in vogue
    邁克爾·杰克遜沒有以前那麼 [MSC, trad.]
    迈克尔·杰克逊没有以前那么 [MSC, simp.]
    Màikè'ěr Jiékèxùn méiyǒu yǐqián nàme hóng le. [Pinyin]
    Michael Jackson is not as popular as he used to be.
  3. the red clothes and bunting used on festive occasions
    /   ―  hóng  ―  to drape in red silk as a sign of honor or for festivity
    /   ―  hóngbāo  ―  red envelope / red packet
  4. revolutionary; communist
    /   ―  hóngjūn  ―  Red army
  5. worldly
  6. women's
  7. bonus; dividend
    /   ―  fēnhóng  ―  distribute or draw dividends
  8. A surname​. Hong
Compounds[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Definitions[edit]

  1. (archaic) a substitute character for
  2. (archaic) a substitute character for
    /   ―  gōng  ―  the feminine arts (e.g. needlework, sewing, embroidery)
  3. geographical name of a location in the State of Lu (魯國鲁国) during the "Spring and Autumn Period"" (春秋時期) in Chinese history, northeast of modern Taian, Shandong (山東泰安)

Pronunciation[edit]


Definitions[edit]

  1. (archaic) a substitute character for

References[edit]

  • 1998, Hanyu Da Zidian (in Mandarin), Taiwan: Jianhong Publishers, ISBN 9578134789:
  • 1991, Tan, Qixiang/譚其驤 (chief ed.), The Historical Atlas of China, Volume I: The Primitive Society, Xia, Shang, Western Zhou, the Spring and Autumn, Warring States Period/中國歷史地圖集,第一冊:原史社會、夏、商、西周、春秋、戰國時期, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences/中國社會科學院 (sponsor) (in Chinese), Hong Kong, China: Joint Publishing (H.K.) Co., Ltd./三聯書店(香港)有限公司, ISBN 962-04-0909-4:

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 6 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. the color crimson, a vivid red edging towards pink

Readings[edit]

(kurenai, beni): the safflower, Carthamus tinctorius

Etymology 1[edit]

Originally a compound of (Kure, China) +‎ (no, possessive particle) +‎ (ai, “indigo”: by extension, “dye”). The 紅花 (benibana) plant (the safflower), from which the kurenai color dye was extracted, was brought to Japan from China.

/kure no ai//kurenai/

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana くれない, romaji kurenai, historical hiragana くれなゐ)

  1. the color crimson, a vivid red edging towards pink
  2. the benibana or safflower from which this color is extracted, Carthamus tinctorius
Synonyms[edit]
(beni): lipstick
(beni): rouge

Etymology 2[edit]

Derivation unclear. Few native Japanese words begin with voiced plosives, suggesting that this term was borrowed. May be from Okinawan bin as in 紅型 (bingata, a type of brightly colored Okinawan dying technique), though that derivation is also unclear.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana べに, romaji beni)

  1. the color crimson, a vivid red edging towards pink
  2. the benibana or safflower from which this color is extracted, Carthamus tinctorius
  3. the crimson pigment extracted from the benibana, used in cosmetics and as a food coloring
  4. rouge, a red cosmetic traditionally made from the benibana
  5. lipstick or lip liner, also traditionally made from the benibana
Synonyms[edit]
(aka): hexadecimal color code #FF0000

Etymology 3[edit]

Alternate spelling for (aka, red).

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana あか, romaji aka)

  1. the color red
    See the entry for the full list of definitions.
(momi): A princess doll showing the momi kimono liner.

Etymology 4[edit]

From 揉み (momi, kneading, stem form of verb momu), by extension from the kneading of cloth during the dying process.

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana もみ, romaji momi)

  1. silk cloth dyed an even shade of one color, often a deep gold dyed again with kurenai, traditionally used as a kimono liner
Synonyms[edit]
(): hexadecimal color code #D71345

Etymology 5[edit]

From Middle Chinese.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana こう, romaji )

  1. the kurenai color: the color crimson, a vivid red edging towards pink
Idioms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(hong, gong) (hangeul , , McCune-Reischauer hong, kong, Yale hong, kong)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(hồng, hường)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.