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See also: [U+30A8 KATAKANA LETTER E] and Appendix:Variations of "i"
U+5DE5, 工
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5DE5

[U+5DE4]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5DE6]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
工-order.gif

Han character[edit]

(radical 48 +0, 3 strokes, cangjie input 一中一 (MLM), four-corner 10100)

  1. Kangxi radical #48, .

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 325, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 8714
  • Dae Jaweon: page 626, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 410, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+5DE5

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
alt. forms

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Chu bamboo and silk script Ancient script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
工-oracle.svg 工-bronze.svg 工-silk.svg 工-ancient.svg 工-seal.svg 工-bigseal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kroːŋ, *ɡroːŋ
*kluːmʔ, *koːŋ
*kluːmʔ
*ŋr'oːŋ, *kʰroːŋ, *kʰoːŋ
*kroːŋ
*kroːŋ, *qʰroːŋ
*kroːŋ
*kroːŋ
*kroːŋ
*kroːŋ
*kroːŋ, *koːŋ, *kuːŋ
*kroːŋ
*kroːŋ, *koːŋ
*kroːŋs, *koːŋs, *ɡoːŋ
*kʰroːŋ
*kʰroːŋ, *kʰoːŋ
*kʰroːŋ
*kʰroːŋ, *kʰoːŋs
*kʰroːŋ, *kʰoːŋ
*kʰroːŋ, *kʰoːŋ, *kʰoːŋs
*kʰroːŋ, *kʰoŋ, *ɡoŋ
*qʰroːŋ
*qʰroːŋ, *qʰoːŋ
*qʰroːŋ
*ɡroːŋ
*ɡroːŋʔ
*ɡ·roːŋ
*koːŋ
*koːŋ
*koːŋ
*koːŋ, *qʰoːŋ, *ɡoːŋ
*koːŋ, *kuːŋ
*koːŋ
*koːŋ
*koːŋs
*koːŋs
*kʰoːŋ, *kʰoːŋs
*kʰoːŋ
*kʰoːŋ
*kʰoːŋ
*kʰoːŋ
*kʰoːŋ, *kʰoːŋʔ, *kʰoːŋs
*kʰoːŋs
*qʰoːŋ
*qʰoːŋʔ
*ɡoːŋ
*ɡoːŋ
*ɡoːŋ
*ɡoːŋ
*ɡoːŋ
*ɡoːŋ, *ɡoːŋʔ
*ɡoːŋʔ
*ɡoːŋʔ
*koŋʔ
*koŋʔ
*kʰoŋ, *qʰoŋ
*kʰoŋʔ, *kʰoŋs
*ɡoŋ
*ɡoŋ
*ɡoŋ
*ɡoŋ

Pictogram (象形) – a bladed tool.

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • gĕ̤ng - vernacular;
  • gŭng - literary.
Note:
  • kong - literary;
  • kang - vernacular;
  • khang - vernacular (in 工課).
  • (Teochew)
    • Peng'im: gang1, gong1 (one of the symbols in Gongchepu)
    • Pe̍h-ōe-jī-like: kang, kong (o符nṳ符 o符f thṳ符 symbo符ls i符n Go符ngchṳ符pu符)
    • IPA (key): /kaŋ³³⁻²³, koŋ³³⁻²³ (onɯ of tʰhɯ sympols in Goŋt͡sʰhɯpʰu)/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (28)
Final () (1)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kuŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/kuŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/kuŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kəwŋ/
Li
Rong
/kuŋ/
Wang
Li
/kuŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kuŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
gōng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
gōng gōng
Middle
Chinese
‹ kuwng › ‹ kuwng ›
Old
Chinese
/*kˤoŋ/ /*kˤoŋ/
English officer work

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 4022
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*koːŋ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. labour; work
      ―  gōngzuò  ―  work
  2. worker; laborer
      ―  gōngrén  ―  worker, laborer
    陶瓷  ―  táocígōng  ―  potter
  3. industry; profession; trade
  4. one of the symbols in Gongchepu.

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. work, craft, art, skill
  2. workman, artisan

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

  • 陶工 (とうこう, tōkō)

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(gong)

  • Eumhun:
    • Sound (hangeul): (McCune-Reischauer: kong, Yale: kwong)
    • Name (hangeul): 장인, 로동, 노동 (revised: jang'in, rodong, nodong, McCune-Reischauer: chang'in, rotong, notong, Yale: cang.in, lwotwong, nwotwong)
  1. master craftsman, master artisan

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(công, cong, côông, gồng, trong, cung)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.