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See also:
U+65BC, 於
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-65BC

[U+65BB]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+65BD]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
於-order.gif

Alternative forms[edit]

  • The Hong Kong standard form for this character is ⿸𭤨⺀, despite the fact that 於 is not related to 方 or 㫃 (see below).

Han character[edit]

(radical 70, +4, 8 strokes, cangjie input 卜尸人卜 (YSOY), four-corner 08233, composition (GTJKV) or ⿸𭤨 (H))

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 481, character 11
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 13628
  • Dae Jaweon: page 843, character 7
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 3, page 2175, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+65BC

Chinese[edit]

trad. /*
simp. *
alternative forms
The preposition senses.
simp. and trad.
alternative forms
Other senses.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Western Zhou Warring States Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Bronze inscriptions Chu Slip and silk script Transcribed ancient scripts
於-bronze.svg 於-silk.svg 於-bigseal.svg

From an ancient variant form of . Not related to or .

Note the other uses of (), the simplified and variant traditional form of the preposition senses.

Etymology[edit]

Preposition
From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *ʔaj (to go; directional particle) (Schuessler, 2007). It has slowly merged with and replaced the older (OC *ɢʷa) (ibid.).
Prefix in 於菟於檡於兔於䖘
Variant of (OC *qaːl, “prefix in kinship terms and personal names”) (ibid.).

This etymology is incomplete. You can help Wiktionary by elaborating on the origins of this term.

Pronunciation 1[edit]


Note: yū - surname sense in Mainland.
Note:
  • surname:
    • Xiamen - u;
    • Quanzhou - ir;
    • Zhangzhou - î.
  • (Teochew)
  • Note:
    • i1/e1 - preposition;
    • u1 - surname.
  • Wu

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    Initial () (34)
    Final () (22)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ʔɨʌ/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ʔiɔ/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ʔiɔ/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ʔɨə̆/
    Li
    Rong
    /ʔiɔ/
    Wang
    Li
    /ĭo/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ʔi̯wo/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ ʔjo ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[ʔ]a/
    English at (locative preposition)

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    No. 15812
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*qa/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. (indicates time or place) in; at; on
      Synonym: (zài)
      1980 / 1980  ―  shēng 1980 nián  ―  born in 1980
    2. (indicates the object of an action) with; on
      [Classical Chinese, trad.]
      [Classical Chinese, simp.]
      From: The Analects of Confucius, circa 475 – 221 BCE, translated based on James Legge's version
      Jǐ suǒ bù yù, wù shī rén. [Pinyin]
      Do not do unto others what you would not like others to do unto yourself.
    3. (indicates beginning or source) from
      /   ―  yuán  ―  to originate from
    4. (indicates the agent of action) by
    5. (indicates comparison) than
      血濃 / 血浓  ―  xuènóngshuǐ  ―  blood is thicker than water
      苛政猛 / 苛政猛  ―  kēzhèngměng  ―  oppressive governments are more terrible than tigers
    6. (used after a verb or adjective) with regard to
    7. A surname​.

    Compounds[edit]

    Pronunciation 2[edit]



    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    Initial () (34)
    Final () (23)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ʔuo/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ʔuo/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ʔo/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ʔɔ/
    Li
    Rong
    /ʔo/
    Wang
    Li
    /u/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ʔuo/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ ʔu ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[ʔ]ˁa/
    English oh!

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    No. 15810
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*qaː/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. Alternative form of (, “crow; raven”).
    2. Alternative form of (, “alas!; oh!”).
    3. Used in 於菟於檡於兔於䖘 (wūtú, “tiger”).

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Readings[edit]


    Korean[edit]

    Etymology 1[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (eumhun 어조사 (eojosa eo))

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Etymology 2[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (eumhun 감탄사 (gamtansa o))

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    : Hán Việt readings: ư[1][2][3]
    : Nôm readings: ơ[1][2][3][4], [1][2][3][4], ưa[1][2][3][4], [1][2][3], ư[1][3], [1][3], ô[3], [3], thờ[3]

    1. Nôm form of (to be; to live; to stay; to remain).

    References[edit]