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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
於-order.gif

Han character[edit]

(radical 70 +4, 8 strokes, cangjie input 卜尸人卜 (YSOY), four-corner 08233, composition)

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 481, character 11
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 13628
  • Dae Jaweon: page 843, character 7
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 2175, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+65BC

Chinese[edit]

trad. /
simp.

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: (34)
Final: (22)
Tone: Level (Ø)

Openness: Open
Division: III
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: yū
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʔɨʌ/ /ʔiɔ/ /ʔiɔ/ /ʔɨə̆/ /ʔiɔ/ /ĭo/ /ʔi̯wo/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ ʔjo › /*[ʔ]a/ at (locative preposition)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
15812 0 /*qa/

Preposition[edit]

  1. in, at, on
    1980 / 1980  ―  shēng 1980 nián  ―  born in 1980
Derived terms[edit]
See also[edit]
Usage notes[edit]
  • Not to be confused with other uses of ().

Etymology 2[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]

Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: (34)
Final: (23)
Tone: Level (Ø)

Openness: Open
Division: I
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: wū
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʔuo/ /ʔuo/ /ʔo/ /ʔɔ/ /ʔo/ /u/ /ʔuo/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ ʔu › /*[ʔ]ˤa/ oh!

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
15810 0 /*qaː/

Noun[edit]

  1. (= ()) crow; raven

Interjection[edit]

  1. (= ()) alas!; oh!

Etymology 3[edit]

simp. and trad.

Cognate with (ā).

Pronunciation[edit]

Prefix[edit]

  1. Only used in 於菟於檡於兔於䖘 (“tiger”).

Etymology 4[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]

Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: (34)
Final: (22)
Tone: Level (Ø)

Openness: Open
Division: III
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: yū
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʔɨʌ/ /ʔiɔ/ /ʔiɔ/ /ʔɨə̆/ /ʔiɔ/ /ĭo/ /ʔi̯wo/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ ʔjo › /*[ʔ]a/ at (locative preposition)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
15812 0 /*qa/

Proper noun[edit]

  1. A surname​.

Etymology 5[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]

Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: (34)
Final: (22)
Tone: Level (Ø)

Openness: Open
Division: III
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: yū
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʔɨʌ/ /ʔiɔ/ /ʔiɔ/ /ʔɨə̆/ /ʔiɔ/ /ĭo/ /ʔi̯wo/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ ʔjo › /*[ʔ]a/ at (locative preposition)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
15812 0 /*qa/

Proper noun[edit]

  1. Only used in 於陵
  2. Only used in 於潛於潜 (Yúqián).

References[edit]

External links[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(eo, o)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul): ,  (revised: eo, o, McCune-Reischauer: ŏ, o, Yale: e, o)
  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(ư, ơ, , ưa, ô, , , thờ, )

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.