北京

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Chinese[edit]

north capital; Beijing (abbrev.)
simp. and trad.
(北京)
Literally: “northern capital”.
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Etymology[edit]

Chosen by Yongle Emperor to distinguish the city from 南京 (Nánjīng, “Nanjing”), the southern of the two capitals of the Ming Dynasty.

Pronunciation[edit]


Proper noun[edit]

北京

  1. Beijing; Peking (capital city of the People's Republic of China)
    中國首都北京 [MSC, trad.]
    中国首都北京 [MSC, simp.]
    Zhōngguó de shǒudū shì Běijīng. [Pinyin]
    The capital of China is Beijing.

Synonyms[edit]

  • (historic): 北平 (Běipíng)

Japanese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 2
きん
Grade: 2
Irregular

‎(north) + ‎(capital city).

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology Scriptorium.
Particularly: “from English?”

Pronunciation[edit]

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Proper noun[edit]

北京 ‎(katakana ペキン, romaji Pekin)

  1. Beijing; Peking
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
ほく > ほっ
Grade: 2
きょう
Grade: 2
on'yomi
EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology Scriptorium.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

北京 ‎(hiragana ほっきょう, romaji hokkyō, historical hiragana ほくきやう)

  1. a northern capital

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9

Korean[edit]

Hanja in this term

Proper noun[edit]

北京 ‎(Bukgyeong) ‎(hangeul 북경)

  1. Hanja form? of 북경, “Beijing”.

Vietnamese[edit]

Hán tự in this word

Proper noun[edit]

北京

  1. Hán tự form of Bắc Kinh, “Beijing