北京

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Chinese[edit]

north capital; Beijing (abbrev.)
trad. (北京)
simp. #(北京)
Literally: “northern capital”.
Wikipedia has articles on:

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Initial () (1) (28)
Final () (131) (111)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () I III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/pək̚/ /kˠiæŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/pək̚/ /kᵚiaŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/pək̚/ /kiaŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/pək̚/ /kiajŋ/
Li
Rong
/pək̚/ /kiɐŋ/
Wang
Li
/pək̚/ /kĭɐŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/pək̚/ /ki̯ɐŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
bo jīng
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
běi jīng
Middle
Chinese
‹ pok › ‹ kjæng ›
Old
Chinese
/*pˁək/ /*[k]raŋ/
English north hill; capital city

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
No. 414 6828
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*pɯːɡ/ /*kraŋ/

Proper noun[edit]

北京

  1. () Beijing (a direct-administered municipality, the capital city of China)
    中國首都北京 [MSC, trad.]
    中国首都北京 [MSC, simp.]
    Zhōngguó de shǒudū shì Běijīng. [Pinyin]
    The capital of China is Beijing.
    Synonyms: 北平 (Běipíng(historical), 燕京 (Yānjīng(historical)
  2. (historical) northern capital
    1. [5th century CE] Jiankang (capital of Liu Song dynasty)—in modern-day Nanjing, Jiangsu province
    2. [5th century CE] Jingkou (birthplace of Liu Song dynasty)—in modern-day Zhenjiang, Jiangsu province
    3. [5th century CE] Pingcheng (capital of Northern Wei dynasty)—in modern-day Datong, Shanxi province
    4. [8th–10th centuries CE] Taiyuan Fu (birthplace of Tang dynasty and many subsequent states)—in modern-day Taiyuan, Shanxi province
    5. [11th century CE] Daming Fu (visited by Emperor Zhenzong)—in modern-day Handan, Hebei province
    6. [12th century CE] Shangjing Linhuang Fu (one of the capitals of Jin dynasty)—in modern-day Chifeng, Inner Mongolia
    7. [12th century CE] Zhongdu (one of the capitals of Jin dynasty)—in modern-day Beijing
    8. [14th century CE] Kaifeng Fu (Ming dynasty)—in modern-day Kaifeng, Henan province

Usage notes[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

  • (Beijing): (historical) 北平 (Běipíng), (literary, or ironic, humorous) 帝都 (dìdū), (historical, archaic) 燕京 (Yānjīng)

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic (北京):

Others:

See also[edit]

  • Other capitals in the Four Great Ancient Capitals of China: 南京 (Nánjīng) — 洛陽洛阳 (Luòyáng) — 西安 (Xī'ān)
  • Other directions: 南京 (Nánjīng, “southern capital”) — 東京东京 (Dōngjīng, “eastern capital”) — 西京 (Xījīng, “western capital”)

Japanese[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 2
きん
Grade: 2
tōon

From dialectal Chinese 北京 (literally northern capital).

Pronunciation[edit]

Headset icon.svg This entry needs audio files. If you have a microphone, please record some and upload them. (For audio required quickly, visit WT:APR.)

Proper noun[edit]

北京(ペキン) (Pekin

  1. Beijing (a direct-administered municipality, the capital city of China)

See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
ほく > ほっ
Grade: 2
きょう
Grade: 2
on’yomi

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

北京(ほっきょう) (hokkyō (historical kana ほくきやう)

  1. (literally) a northern capital

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN
  2. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

Korean[edit]

Hanja in this term

Proper noun[edit]

北京 (Bukgyeong) (hangeul 북경)

  1. Hanja form? of 북경 (Beijing).

Vietnamese[edit]

Hán tự in this term

Proper noun[edit]

北京

  1. Hán tự form of Bắc Kinh (Beijing).