北京

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Chinese[edit]

north capital; Beijing (abbrev.)
simp. and trad.
(北京)
Literally: “northern capital”.
Wikipedia has an article on:
北京

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Initial () (1) (28)
Final () (131) (111)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () I III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/pək̚/ /kˠiæŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/pək̚/ /kᵚiaŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/pək̚/ /kiaŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/pək̚/ /kiajŋ/
Li
Rong
/pək̚/ /kiɐŋ/
Wang
Li
/pək̚/ /kĭɐŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/pək̚/ /ki̯ɐŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
bo jīng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
běi jīng
Middle
Chinese
‹ pok › ‹ kjæng ›
Old
Chinese
/*pˤək/ /*[k]raŋ/
English north hill; capital city

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
No. 414 6828
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*pɯːɡ/ /*kraŋ/

Proper noun[edit]

北京

  1. northern capital
    1. [5th century CE] Jiankang (capital of Liu Song dynasty)—in modern-day Nanjing, Jiangsu province
    2. [5th century CE] Jingkou (birthplace of Liu Song dynasty)—in modern-day Zhenjiang, Jiangsu province
    3. [5th century CE] Pingcheng (capital of Northern Wei dynasty)—in modern-day Datong, Shanxi province
    4. [8th–10th centuries CE] Taiyuan Fu (birthplace of Tang dynasty and many subsequent states)—in modern-day Taiyuan, Shanxi province
    5. [11th century CE] Daming Fu (visited by Emperor Zhenzong)—in modern-day Handan, Hebei province
    6. [12th century CE] Shangjing Linhuang Fu (one of the capitals of Jin dynasty)—in modern-day Chifeng, Inner Mongolia
    7. [12th century CE] Zhongdu (one of the capitals of Jin dynasty)—in modern-day Beijing
    8. [14th century CE] Kaifeng Fu (Ming dynasty)—in modern-day Kaifeng, Henan province
    9. [since 15th century CE] () Beijing (capital of Ming, Qing, ROC formerly and now PRC)
      The name was chosen by the Yongle Emperor to distinguish the city from 南京 (Nánjīng, “Nanjing; southern capital”).

Synonyms[edit]

  • (Beijing): (historical) 北平 (Běipíng), 燕京 (Yānjīng)

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic (北京):

Others:

See also[edit]

  • Other capitals in the Four Great Ancient Capitals of China: 南京 (Nánjīng) — 洛陽洛阳 (Luòyáng) — 西安 (Xī'ān)
  • Other directions: 南京 (Nánjīng, “southern capital”) — 東京东京 (Dōngjīng, “eastern capital”) — 西京 (Xījīng, “western capital”)

Japanese[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 2
きん
Grade: 2
Irregular

From dialectal Chinese 北京 (literally northern capital)

Pronunciation[edit]

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Proper noun[edit]

北京 (katakana ペキン, rōmaji Pekin)

  1. Beijing; Peking
Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
ほく > ほっ
Grade: 2
きょう
Grade: 2
on'yomi
EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

北京 (hiragana ほっきょう, rōmaji hokkyō, historical hiragana ほくきやう)

  1. (literally) a northern capital

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9

Korean[edit]

Hanja in this term

Proper noun[edit]

北京 (Bukgyeong) (hangeul 북경)

  1. Hanja form? of 북경, “Beijing”.

Vietnamese[edit]

Hán tự in this word

Proper noun[edit]

北京

  1. Hán tự form of Bắc Kinh, “Beijing