東京

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also: 东京

Chinese[edit]

east capital; Beijing (abbrev.)
trad. (東京)
simp. (东京)

Pronunciation[edit]


Proper noun[edit]

東京

  1. (~都) Tokyo (a metropolis in Japan)
  2. former name of Kaifeng
  3. former name of Hanoi
  4. Tonkin

Noun[edit]

東京

  1. (historical) the eastern capital, in situations where dual capitals existed

Japanese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
Kanji in this term
とう
Grade: 2
きょう
Grade: 2
on’yomi

/təu kʲau//toːkjɔː//toːkjoː/

Derived from Middle Chinese elements  (とう) (, east, eastern) +  (きょう) (kyō, capital).

The city of Tokyo was renamed from 江戸 (Edo) in 1868 after Emperor Meiji moved the capital from Kyoto.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

東京 (hiragana とうきょう, rōmaji tōkyō, historical hiragana とうきやう)

  1. an eastern capital
    • 16031604, Nippo Jisho (page 663)
      Tôqiǒ. トゥキャゥ (東京) Figaxino miyaco. (東の都) 東の地方の都 (Miaco).

Proper noun[edit]

東京 (hiragana とうきょう, rōmaji Tōkyō, historical hiragana とうきやう)

  1. Short for 東京都 (Tōkyō-to): Tokyo (capital of Japan)
     () (のう) (とう) (きょう) (くも)りでしたか。
    Kinō, Tōkyō wa kumori deshita ka.
    Was it cloudy in Tokyo yesterday?
  2. Short for 東京駅 (Tōkyō-eki): Tokyo Station
  3. (historical) Short for 東京府 (Tōkyō-fu): Tokyo Prefecture
Derived terms[edit]
See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
とう
Grade: 2
けい
Grade: 2
on’yomi

From Middle Chinese 東京 (MC tuŋ kˠiæŋ).

The alternate pronunciation for Tokyo appears to be prevalent in the early- to mid-Meiji period.

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

東京 (hiragana とうけい, rōmaji Tōkei)

  1. (historical) the capital of 東漢 (Tōkan, Eastern Han) or 後漢 (Gokan, Later Han), corresponds to modern Luoyang
  2. (historical) the capital of 北宋 (Hokusō, Northern Song), corresponds to modern Kaifeng
  3. (historical) the eastern capital of the Jurchen Jin dynasty, corresponds to modern Liaoyang
  4. (historical) the capital of Yongwon province in Balhae during the Tang dynasty
  5. Dated spelling of 東京 (Tōkyō), see above
See also[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
Kanji in this term
とん
Grade: 2
きん
Grade: 2
Irregular

Borrowing from Vietnamese Đông Kinh, a historical name for Hanoi. (Can this(+) etymology be sourced?)

The kanji spelling is an example of ateji (当て字).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Irregular reading)

Proper noun[edit]

東京 (katakana トンキン, rōmaji Tonkin)

  1. (historical) Tonkin (northern region of Vietnam)

References[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja in this term

Proper noun[edit]

東京 (Donggyeong) (hangeul 동경)

  1. Hanja form? of 동경 (alternative name of Tokyo).

Okinawan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Cognate with mainland Japanese 東京 (Tōkyō).

Proper noun[edit]

東京 (hiragana とーちょー, romaji tōchō)

  1. Tokyo

Vietnamese[edit]

Hán tự in this word

Proper noun[edit]

東京

  1. Hán tự form of Đông Kinh, (“former name of Hanoi, Tonkin; Tokyo”).