昨日

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search

Chinese[edit]

yesterday
 
day; sun; date; day of the month; Japan (abbrev.)
simp. and trad.
(昨日)

Pronunciation[edit]


Noun[edit]

昨日

  1. (literary) yesterday

Synonyms[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
Grade: 4 Grade: 1
Irregular

/ki no pu//kinoɸu/ → */kinowu//kinou//kinoː/

From Old Japanese. The initial ki is unclear, but is likely the same ki element that appears in other words pertaining to the past. This may be related to the now-obsolete auxiliary verb (ki) indicating the recollective past -- see けり (keri). The middle no appears to be the regular genitive particle (no). The final pu is an apophonic form of (hi, day).[1]

The kanji are an example of jukujikun.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

昨日 (hiragana きのう, romaji kinō, historical hiragana きのふ)

  1. yesterday
    昨日 (きのう)東京 (とうきょう) (くも)りでしたか。
    Kinō, Tōkyō wa kumori deshita ka.
    Was it cloudy in Tokyo yesterday?

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
さく
Grade: 4
じつ
Grade: 1
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese compound 昨日 (dzak nyit, literally yesterday + day ). Compare modern Cantonese reading zok6 jat6.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

昨日 (hiragana さくじつ, romaji sakujitsu)

  1. yesterday

Etymology 3[edit]

Kanji in this term
Grade: 4 Grade: 1
Irregular

From Old Japanese. The initial ki is unclear, but is likely the same ki element that appears in other words pertaining to the past. This may be related to the now-obsolete auxiliary verb (ki) indicating the recollective past -- see けり (keri). The final so is also unclear, but is probably the same as the final zo in 去年 (こぞ) (kozo).[1]

This may have been read as kizo in Old Japanese.[1][2]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Irregular reading)
  • IPA(key): [kiso̞]

Noun[edit]

昨日 (hiragana きそ, romaji kiso)

  1. last night
  2. yesterday
Coordinate terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9