昨夜

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Chinese[edit]

yesterday night
simp. and trad.
(昨夜)

Pronunciation[edit]


Note: zok6 je6 - prescribed.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Initial () (15) (36)
Final () (103) (100)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () I III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/d͡zɑk̚/ /jiaH/
Pan
Wuyun
/d͡zɑk̚/ /jiaH/
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡zɑk̚/ /iaH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/d͡zak̚/ /jiaH/
Li
Rong
/d͡zɑk̚/ /iaH/
Wang
Li
/d͡zɑk̚/ /jĭaH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/d͡zʱɑk̚/ /i̯aH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
zuó

Noun[edit]

昨夜

  1. last night

Synonyms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic (昨夜):
  • Japanese: (さく)() (sakuya)

Japanese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
さく
Grade: 4

Grade: 2
kan’on

From Middle Chinese 昨夜 (MC d͡zɑk̚ jiaH).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(さく)() (sakuya

  1. (formal) last night

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
ゆうべ
Grade: 4 Grade: 2
jukujikun

Shift from 夕べ (yūbe, evening), which has an additional 平板型 (heiban-gata) or [0] accent pitch.

The kanji spelling is from sakuya above.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

昨夜(ゆうべ) (yūbe (historical kana ゆふべ)

  1. (colloquial) last night

Etymology 3[edit]

Kanji in this term
ゆんべ
Grade: 4 Grade: 2
jukujikun

/juɸube/ → */juːbe//junbe//jumbe/

Shift from yūbe above.[1][2][3]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

昨夜(ゆんべ) (yunbe

  1. (archaic, colloquial) last night, yestereve, yesternight

Etymology 4[edit]

Kanji in this term
よべ
Grade: 4 Grade: 2
jukujikun
EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.
Particularly: “From (yoi, evening) or (yo, night) +‎ (-he, direction, location)?”

The kanji spelling is from sakuya above.

Noun[edit]

昨夜(よべ) (yobe

  1. (archaic, obsolete) last night, yestereve, yesternight

Etymology 5[edit]

Kanji in this term
よんべ
Grade: 4 Grade: 2
jukujikun

/jobe/ → */joːbe//jonbe//jombe/

Shift from yobe above.[1][2]

The kanji spelling is from sakuya above.

Noun[edit]

昨夜(よんべ) (yonbe

  1. (archaic, obsolete) last night, yestereve, yesternight

Etymology 6[edit]

Kanji in this term
きそ
Grade: 4 Grade: 2
jukujikun
For pronunciation and definitions of 昨夜 – see the following entry.
昨日きそ
[noun] last night
[noun] yesterday
(This term, 昨夜, is an alternative spelling of the above term.)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  2. 2.0 2.1 1995, 大辞泉 (Daijisen) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, →ISBN
  3. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan